Antebellum American Culture: An Interpretive Anthology / Edition 1

Antebellum American Culture: An Interpretive Anthology / Edition 1

by David Brion Davis
ISBN-10:
0271016469
ISBN-13:
9780271016467
Pub. Date:
02/28/1997
Publisher:
Penn State University Press
Select a Purchase Option (REPRINT)

    Item is available through our marketplace sellers.

  • purchase options

Overview

Antebellum American Culture: An Interpretive Anthology / Edition 1

First published in 1979, this volume offers students and teachers a unique view of American history prior to the Civil War. Distinguished historian David Brion Davis has chosen a diverse array of primary sources that show the actual concerns, hopes, fears, and understandings of ordinary antebellum Americans. He places these sources within a clear interpretive narrative that brings the documents to life and highlights themes that social and cultural historians have brought to our attention in recent years. Beginning with the family and the issue of socialization and influence, the units move on to struggles over access to wealth and power; the plight of "outsiders" in an "open" society; and ideals of progress, perfection, and mission. The reader of this volume hears a great diversity of voices but also grasps the unities that survived even the Civil War.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780271016467
Publisher: Penn State University Press
Publication date: 02/28/1997
Edition description: REPRINT
Pages: 472
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.16(d)

Table of Contents

Introduction: Organization and Themes xix
UNIT ONE Socialization and the Problem of Influence 1(98)
1 The Art and Responsibilities of Family Government
9(12)
A. Family Government and National Government
9(4)
Heman Humphrey (1840)
B. The Mission of American Women
13(5)
Catharine Beecher (1842)
C. The Feminine Regeneration of Everyday Life
18(3)
Mrs. A.J. Graves (1843)
2 The Discipline and Self-Discipline of the Young
21(14)
A. Instilling a Capacity for Self-Government
21(3)
Samuel Goodrich (1838)
Lydia M. Child (1831)
B. Neutralizing Sibling Rivalry
24(5)
Catharine Sedgwick (1841)
Jacob Abbott (1841)
C. The Problem of Unwilling Submission
29(6)
Society for the Reformation of Juvenile Delinquents (1829)
Prison Discipline Society (1829)
Thomas L. Harris (1850)
3 The Schoolroom as an Extended Family
35(32)
A. The Demand for Public Schools
35(4)
Philadelphia Working Men's Committee (1830)
Philadelphia National Gazette (1830)
B. The "Parental" State
39(4)
Horace Mann (1846)
C. The Dilemmas of Democratic Discipline
43(5)
Horace Mann (1844)
Joseph Hale (1845)
D. A Struggle for Mastery
48(3)
Edward Eggleston (1871)
E. Schools and Mills for Girls
51(4)
Lucy Larcom (1889)
F. Lessons on "A House Divided"
55(3)
William H. McGuffey (1857)
G. "What Is a Young Man Fitted For, When He Takes His Degree?"
58(9)
Reports on the Course of Instruction in Yale College (1830)
4 Advice on Self-Culture and Sexual Identity
67(18)
A. Self-Culture
67(6)
William Ellery Channing (1838)
Manual of Self-Education (1842)
Henry Ward Beecher (1846)
B. The "Restless, Anxious Longing" of American Women
73(12)
Young Lady's Own Book (1833)
William Alcott (1850)
Sarah C. Edgarton (1843)
Catharine Beecher (1846)
5 Feminist Alternatives
85(14)
A. Militant Mill-Girls
85(3)
Harriet Robinson (1898)
B. The Discovery of Female Enslavement
88(5)
Sarah Grimke (1838)
Wendell Phillips (1840)
"Declaration of Sentiments" (1848)
The Lowell Courier's Response (1848)
C. "Discordant and Disordered Households"
93(2)
The Lily (1849 and 1855)
D. A House Divided: Divorce
95(4)
Ernestine Potowsky Rose (1860)
UNIT TWO Struggles Over Access to Wealth and Power 99(110)
1 "The Anxious Spirit of Gain"
105(24)
A. The Discontents of Limitless Aspiration
105(10)
Alexis de Tocqueville (1840)
J.N. Bellows (1843)
Henry W. Bellows (1845)
B. Speculation and Community
115(14)
Timothy Flint (1826)
D.W. Mitchell (1862)
Harriet Martineau (1837)
Walter Colton (1850)
Bayard Taylor (1850)
2 Access to Land
129(16)
A. The Demand for Land as a Natural Right
129(7)
Memorial to Congress, Mechanics' Free Press (1828)
Thomas Skidmore (1829)
True Workingman (1846)
B. The Right of Access Versus the Rights of Landlords
136(9)
James Fenimore Cooper (1845)
Debates on a Homestead Bill (1852
3 The Changing Uses of Law
145(18)
A. Two Versions of Law for the Frontier
145(5)
David Crockett (1834)
Joseph Story (1821)
B. The Common Law in America
150(5)
Joseph Story (1829)
Henry Dwight Sedgwick (1824)
C. Modifications
155(8)
Van Ness v. Pacard (1829)
Gulian Verplanck (1835)
Farwell v. Boston and Worcester Railroad (1842)
John Ramsey McCulloch(1826)
4 "Improvements": Transportation and Corporations
163(20)
A. The Charles River Bridge
163(6)
Isaac Parker (1829)
Roger Taney (1837)
Joseph Story (1837)
B. Canals and Railroads
169(4)
Ohio Board of Canal Commissioners (1824)
Ohio Board of Canal Commissioners (1825)
Nathan Hale (1837)
C. Financing Internal Improvements
173(6)
Charles Franclis Adams (1840)
American Railroad Journals (1851)
D. Corporations and the Public Interest
179(4)
American Jurist and Law Magazine (1830)
William Leggett (1834)
5 The Politics of Opportunity
183(16)
A. Antimasonic Revivalism
183(4)
Moses Thatcher (1830)
B. Democratic Ideology
187(8)
Andrew Jackson (1837)
C. Whig Ideology
195(4)
Calvin Colton (1844)
6 The Fear of Sectional Exclusion
199(10)
A. Beginnings of Sectional Rivalry
199(2)
Thomas Hart Benton (Recalling 1828)
B. "What Is It That Has Endangered the Union?"
201(8)
John C. Calhoun (1850)
UNIT THREE The Plight of Outsiders in an "Open Society" 209(136)
1 The Protestant Establishment
217(14)
A. The Limits of Religious Dissent
217(5)
Stephen Colwell (1854)
Commonwealth v.Kneeland (1838)
B. Excluding Mormons and Catholics
222(9)
Anti-Mormonism in Illinois (1845)
Thomas R. Whitney (1856)
2 The Problem of Aborigines: Assimilation Versus Removal
231(22)
A. The Hope of Christianization
231(6)
American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions (1824)
Henry Benjamin Whipple (1860)
B. The Rationale for Removal
237(5)
James Monroe (1817)
Andrew Jackson (1830)
C. Indian Responses
242(5)
Pushmataha (1811)
Memorial and Protest of the Cherokee Nation (1836)
D. The Indian as an Object of Sympathy and Hate
247(6)
George Catlin (1841)
Western Monthly Magazine (1833)
3 The Discovery of Cultural Polarities
253(20)
A. Hispanic Americans
253(9)
William W.H. Davis (1857)
Juan Nepomuceno Cortina (1859)
B. A Chinese-American Protest
262(3)
Norman Assing (1852)
C. The Five Points: The Response to Outsiders Inside
265(8)
The Old Brewery (1854)
McDowall's Journal (1834)
4 The Nonfreedom of "Free Blacks"
273(42)
A. "Getting Rid of Them"
273(6)
Thomas Jefferson (1824)
B. "We See, In Effect, Two Nations-One White and Another Black"
278(5)
William Chambers (1854)
C. "Though We Are Not Slaves, We Are Not Free"
283(4)
Protest from Black Philadelphia (1817)
Abraham Camp (1818)
A Black Memorial to the Citizens of Baltimore (1826)
D. A Revolutionery Appeal
287(6)
David Walker (1829)
E. Organizing Free Blacks
293(2)
First Annual Convention (1830)
F. The Coercion of a Black Priest
295(3)
Peter Williams (1834)
G. The "Killing Influence" of Prejudice
298(2)
Theodore S. Wright (1837)
H. A Militant Appeal to Slaves
300(4)
Henry Highland Gernet (1843)
I. An Appeal for Black Skilled Labor
304(4)
Frederick Douglass (1853)
J. Black Disillusionment
308(7)
Martin Delany (1852)
5 The Polarized South: Outsiders Inside
315(30)
A. "So the Last Shall Be First, and the First Last" (Matthew, 20:16)
315(3)
Nat Turner (1831)
B. Slave Labor
318(4)
Solomon Northup (1855)
C. Slave Voices
322(3)
George Skipwith (1847)
Lucy Skipwith (1863)
Maria Perkins (1852)
D. Managing Slaves and White Overseers
325(5)
De Bow's Review (1855)
Farmers' Register (1837)
Stancil Barwick (1855)
E. "A Distinct and Rather Dispicable Class"
330(2)
Frederick Law Olmsted (1856)
F. The Proslavery Argument
332(8)
Thomas R. Dew (1832)
William Harper (1837)
G. Polarized South, Polarized Nation
340(5)
Hinton R. Helper (1857)
UNIT FOUR Ideals of Progress, Perfection, and Mission 345(124)
1 Science, Machines, and Human Progress
353(14)
A. The Influence of Baconian Philosophy
353(6)
Samuel Tyler (1843)
B. A Defense of "Mechanism" and Technology
359(3)
Timothy Walker (1831)
C. The Motors of Perpetual Progress
362(5)
Thomas Ewbank (1849)
2 Revivals, Holiness and the American Conversion of the World
367(26)
A. True Progress Depends on Christianity
367(3)
New Englander (1847)
B. The Science of Revivalism
370(9)
Charles Grandison Finney (1835)
Frances Trollope (1832)
Lyman Beecher (1831)
C. The promise of American Protestantism
379(6)
William Ellery Channing (c. 1831)
Philip Schaff (1855)
D. Holiness Through Submission
385(8)
Phoebe Palmer (1851)
Quarterly Christian Spectator (1853)
3 The Temperance Reformation
393(18)
A. Moral Influence: The Diffusion of Knowledge
393(7)
Lyman Beecher (1826)
Thomas S. Grimke (1833)
B. Compassion for the Fallen
400(7)
John Bartholomew Gough (1869)
Abraham Lincoln (1842)
C. Coercion Replaces Moral Suasion
407(4)
American Temperance Magazine (1852)
4 Abolitionism and Moral Progress
411(30)
A. The Lessons and Imperatives of History
411(7)
William Goodell (1853)
B. The Burden of All Reformers
418(4)
William Lloyd Garrison (1860)
C. Explaining "Immediate Emancipation"
422(6)
The New-England Anti-Slavery Society (1833)
Declaration of National Anti-Slavery Convention (1833)
Instructions to Theodore Dwight Weld (1833)
D. Conflicts of Conscience and Priority
428(4)
Theodore Weld to Lewis Tappan (1835)
Charles Grandison Finney to Theodore Weld (1836)
E. Chattel Slavery Versus "Wages Slavery"
432(2)
William West (1847)
F. Reinterpreting the Constitution
434(7)
Lysander Spooner (1845)
5 The Quest for New Social Harmonies
441(12)
A. Man the Reformer
441(3)
Ralph Waldo Emerson (1841)
B. A Manifesto Against Individualism
444(3)
Robert Owen (1825)
C. The Completion of Perfection
447(6)
John Humphrey Noyes (1837)
Declaration of Sentiments, Boston Peace Convention (1838)
Albert Brisbane (1843)
6 Transcending Human History: Americans as "Pioneers of the World"
453(16)
A. "We Have Monopolized the Best of Time and Space"
453(4)
Gulian C. Verplanck (1836)
Bronson Alcott(1834)
Walt Whitman (1846)
B. "The Past Is Dead, and Has No Resurrection"
457(2)
Herman Melville (1850)
C. America as the Modern Rome
459(2)
Arnold Guyot (1849)
D. Slavery as the Barrier to Fulfillment
461(2)
Theodore Parker (1855)
Abraham Lincoln (1858)
E. "Submission or Secession"
463(4)
William Henry Holcombe (1860)
F. "A New Birth of Freedom"
467(2)
Abraham Lincoln (1863)
Chronology, 1820-1860 469

Customer Reviews

Most Helpful Customer Reviews

See All Customer Reviews