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Oxford University Press
Anthology of World Religions: Sacred Texts and Contemporary Perspectives

Anthology of World Religions: Sacred Texts and Contemporary Perspectives

by Lewis Vaughn


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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780195332360
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Publication date: 11/15/2016
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 560
Sales rank: 592,750
Product dimensions: 7.40(w) x 9.10(h) x 0.90(d)

About the Author

Lewis Vaughn is the author or coauthor of numerous books, including The Power of Critical Thinking, Fifth Edition (2015), Philosophy Here and Now, Second Edition (2015), and Living Philosophy (2014), all published by Oxford University Press.

Table of Contents

Each chapter ends with Study Questions, Further Reading, and Online Resources.
Chapter 1. The Beginning of Understanding
First Look
Religious Questions and Answers
Studying Religions
Key Terms
Identifying Religions
The Nature of Religion, Ninian Smart
Comparative Studies
Comparing Religions, Will Deming
The Sacred and the Profane
The Sacredness of Nature and Cosmic Religion, Mircea Eliade
Subjective Belief
Religious Experience: The Root of Religion, William James
Religion as Human Invention
Religion Is "the Opium of the People," Karl Marx
Religion as Illusion
The Future of an Illusion, Sigmund Freud
The Goddess
When God Was a Woman, Merlin Stone
Chapter 2. Indigenous Religions: North America and Africa
Indigenous North American Religions
Indigenous African Religions
Key Terms
Indigenous North American Religions
Thunder Rides a Black Horse, Claire R. Farrer
Basic Call to Consciousness, Iroquois Nation
Iroquois Myth: The Creation
Cherokee Myth: How the World Was Made
Cherokee Myth: Origin of Disease and Medicine
Sioux Genesis
Native American Spirituality, Evan T. Pritchard
Sacred Ways of a Lakota, Wallace Black Elk
The Gift of the Sacred Pipe, Wallace Black Elk
Misunderstanding Native Americans, Frederick W. Turner
Indigenous African Religions
Women in African Traditional Religions, Joseph Akinyele Omoyajowo
Traditional Religions in Contemporary Africa, Wande Abimbola
African Traditional Religions: Worldviews and Cosmology, Jacob K. Olupona
Chapter 3. Hinduism
Hindu Beliefs
Hindu Ritual
Hindu Philosophies
Hindu Beginnings
Hindu Scriptures: The Vedic Period
Hindu Scriptures: After the Vedas
—The Epics
—The Puranas
—The Legal and Moral Codes
Major Monotheisms
Challenges to Hinduism
Key Terms
Selections from the Rig Veda
Selections from the Upanishads
Selections from the Bhagavad-Gita
Selection from the Crest-Jewel of Discrimination, Advaita Vedanta
The Path of Devotion: Bhagavata Purana
Shiva Purana
The Goddess Durga, David R. Kinsley
The Spirit of Indian Philosophy, Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
Selections from The Secret Garland
Yoga: Discipline of Freedom, Barbara Stoler Miller
Chanting the Sacred Syllable Om, Chandogya Upanishad
Bhakti Yoga, Bhagavad Gita
Hindu Ritual: Cremation, Rig Veda
Domestic Worship, Vasudha Narayanan
Darsan: Seeing the Sacred, Diana L. Eck
Contemporary Challenges
The Case of Uma Bharati, Katherine K. Young
Untouchability, Mohandas Gandhi
Chapter 4. Jainism
Jain History
Teachings and Practices
Jain Scriptures
Key Terms
Nonviolence, Sutrakritanga
Wise and Foolish Men, Acaranga Sutra
Moral Verses, Naladiyar
There Is No Creator God, Mahapurana
Be Watchful, Uttaradhyayana Sutra
The Eternal Law, Acaranga Sutra
Sinning Against the Earth, Acaranga Sutra
The Five Great Vows, Akaranga Sutra
Life of a Jain Nun, N. Shanta
Contemporary Challenges
Jains Today, Vasudha Narayanan
Chapter 5. Buddhism
Buddhist Complexities
The Buddha's Life
The Buddha's Teachings
Modern Challenges to Buddhism
—Women and Buddhism
—Socially Engaged Buddhism
Buddhist Scriptures
Key Terms
The Awakened One
The Five Precepts
The Enlightenment
The Recollection of Death, Buddhaghosa
The Heart of Perfect Wisdom Sutra
The Lotus Sutra: A Parable
Buddha Nature, Peter Harvey
Cutting Through Spiritual Materialism, Chogyam Trungpa
Guidelines for Studying the Way, Eihei Dogen
A Buddhist-American Monk, Heng Sure
Meditation, Damien Keown
No Need for Precepts, Bankei
The Koan Exercise, D.T. Suzuki
When Things Fall Apart, Pema Chodron
Rules for Zazen, Master Dogen
Contemporary Challenges
Freedom in Exile, The Dalai Lama
Thich Nhat Hanh on Engaged Buddhist Ethics, Sallie B. King
Women in Buddhism, Roy C. Amore and Julia Ching
Chapter 6. Sikhism
Sikh Scriptures
Key Terms
Hymns of Guru Gobind Singh
Hymns of Guru Amar Das
Hymns of Guru Ram Das
The Death of Guru Nanak
The Rahit: Code of Conduct
Selections from the Japji
The Rite of Khalsa Initiation, Hew McLeod
Devotions: The Prakaash, Siri Kirpal Kaur Khalsa
Contemporary Challenges
Feminine Dimensions of Sikh Faith, Willard G. Oxtoby
Chapter 7. Confucianism
Life of Confucius
Confucian Teachings
The Confucian Canon
Key Terms
Selections from The Analects
Selections from The Book of Mencius
Human Nature Is Evil, Xunzi
Confucianism as Religious Humanism, Julia Ching
The Confucian Way of Being Religious, Tu Wei-Ming
Sacred Space, Jennifer Oldstone-Moore
Confucian Holy Rite, Herbert Fingarette
Contemporary Challenges
The Revival of Confucian Values, Xinzhong Yao
Chapter 8. Daoism
The Daoist Canon
Key Terms
Selections from the Daodejing
Selections from the Zhuangzi
The Dao of Ecology, Huston Smith
T'ai Chi, Al Chung-liang Huang
Quiet Sitting with Master Yinshi, Jiang Weiqiao
Qingjing Jing
The Lady of Great Mystery
Contemporary Challenges
Daoism in the Twenty-First Century, William A. Young
Chapter 9. Shinto
Beliefs and Practices
Sacred Writings
Key Terms
The Nihongi: The Kami Create Japan
Nihongi: The Kami of the Sun and Moon
Kojiki: Kami, the Netherworld, and the Eclipse of the Sun
Life Is Transitory
Mount Fuji
Rituals, Shrines, and Festivals, Ian Reader
Contemporary Challenges
Japanese Religion in Modern Times, Howard W. French
Chapter 10. Zoroastrianism
Zarathustra and His Teachings
Zoroastrian Scriptures
Key Terms
The Zoroastrian Creed
To Ahura and the Fire
Hymn to Ahura
Resurrection and Final Judgment
Good and Evil
Fate of the Soul at Death
The Four Main Prayers
Burial of the Dead
Zoroastrian Ceremonies, Rustom Masani
Contemporary Challenges
Zoroastrianism's Biggest Worry: Membership, Ariane Sherine
Chapter 11. Judaism
Key Terms
The Creation Story
The Covenant with Noah
The Covenant with Abraham
The Exodus
The Mosaic Covenant
The Holiness Code
The Entry into Canaan
Psalms of David
The Babylonian Conquest and Exile
Mishnah: The Ethics of the Fathers
Maimonides: Thirteen Principles of the Jewish Faith
Reform Judaism: The Pittsburgh Platform, 1885
To Be a Jew, Elie Wiesel
God in Search of Man, Abraham Joshua Heschel
Observing the Sabbath, George Robinson
Yom Kippur, Herman Wouk
The Seder, George Robinson
Contemporary Challenges
Meaning from Suffering, Viktor Frankl
Jewish Feminism, Judith Plaskow
Chapter 12. Christianity
—Story of Jesus
—From Empire to Schism
—The Middle Ages
—The Reformation
Key Terms
The Sermon on the Mount
Healing the Blind and Casting Out Demons
The Good Samaritan
Arrest, Trial, Crucifixion, and Resurrection
The Women at the Tomb
The Word Made Flesh
The Ascension and Pentecost
Paul: Life After Death
The Gnostic Gospel of Mary
The Infancy Gospel of Thomas
Augustine's Confessions
The Five Ways, Thomas Aquinas
Orthodox Christianity, Ernst Benz
The Apostles' Creed
The Nicene Creed
Prayer and Fasting
The Eucharist
Anointing the Sick
The Didache: Teaching of the Apostles
The Prayer of Union, St. Teresa of Avila
Contemporary Challenges
Women in the New Testament
Women and Christianity, Linda Woodhead
Chapter 13. Islam
Key Terms
The Quran, Suras 1, 2, 5, 9, 10, 11, 17, 53, 75, 96, 97, 100, 102, 103, 104, 107
Hadith: Jihad, How Divine Revelation Came to the Holy Prophet, Divorce
Sunni Beliefs (al-Ash'ari)
Shi'a Beliefs (Ibn Babuya al-Saduq)
The Sufi Path: Doorkeeper of the Heart
Al-Ghazali: The Classes of Seekers
The Quran: The Cow (The Five Pillars), The Cow (Laws)
Hadith: Charity
Contemporary Challenges
Reforming Islam, John L. Esposito
Passages About Women: The Quran, Sura 4
Women and the Quran: Problematic Verses, Ruth Roded
Women and the Shari'a, Malise Ruthven
Tolerating the Beliefs of Others, Michael Cook
Chapter 14. New Religious Movements
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
Christian Science
Key Terms
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
Joseph Smith's Introduction to the Book of Mormon
Christ Appearing in America
Statement of Beliefs
Vision and Conversion of Joseph Smith
Christian Science
Science and Health, Preface, Mary Baker Eddy
Science and Health, Recapitulation, Mary Baker Eddy
Baha'u'llah and Basic Baha'i Teaching
Baha'i Laws: Kitab-I-Aqdas
The Bab on Islam and Christianity
World Peace
Drawing Down the Moon (1949)
Power (1953)

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