Anthropology and Global History: From Tribes to the Modern World-System

Anthropology and Global History: From Tribes to the Modern World-System

by Robert M. Carmack
ISBN-10:
0759123896
ISBN-13:
9780759123892
Pub. Date:
10/11/2013
Publisher:
AltaMira Press
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Overview

Anthropology and Global History: From Tribes to the Modern World-System

Anthropology and Global History explains the origin and development of human societies and cultures from their earliest beginnings to the present—utilizing an anthropological lens but also drawing from sociology, economics, political science, history, and ecological and religious studies.

Carmack reconceptualizes world history from a global perspective by employing the expansive concepts of “world-systems” and “civilizations,” and by paying deeper attention to the role of tribal and native peoples within this history. Rather than concentrating on the minute details of specific great events in global history, he shifts our focus to the broad social and cultural contexts in which they occurred. Carmack traces the emergence of ancient kingdoms and the characteristics of pre-modern empires as well as the processes by which the modern world has become integrated and transformed. The book addresses Western civilization as well as comparative processes which have unfolded in Asia, the Middle East, Latin America, and sub-Saharan Africa. Vignettes opening each chapter and case studies integrated throughout the text illustrate the numerous and often extremely complex historical processes which have operated through time and across local, regional, and global settings.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780759123892
Publisher: AltaMira Press
Publication date: 10/11/2013
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 406
Product dimensions: 6.20(w) x 9.10(h) x 1.30(d)

Table of Contents

Contents
INTRODUCTION
CHAPTER 1 DEFINING WORLD-SYSTEMS AND CIVILIZATIONS
Vignette: A World-System and Civilization Framework for Understanding the 9/11 Twin Towers Attack
Conceptualizing World-Systems
Case Study 1: Construction of a Hydroelectric dam in a Peripheral Costa Rican Community
Conceptualizing Civilizations
Case Study 2: Wilkinson’s Argument that “Civilizations are World Systems”

CHAPTER 2 HISTORY OF TRIBAL SOCIETIES AND CULTURES
Vignette: First Contacts with the Papuan Tribal Peoples of New Guinea
Historical Overview of Tribal Societies and Cultures
Pre-Historic Transformation from Bands to Tribes
Case Study 3: Yanomami Tribal Peoples
Historical Emergence of Tribal Chiefdoms
Case Study 4: Powhatan Chiefdom
Contemporary “Tribal Nations” (Australian Aborigines, Waziristan Pashtun Tribes, Garifuna)

CHAPTER 3 HISTORY OF ANCIENT TRIBUTARY SOCIETIES AND CULTURES
Vignette: Understanding an Ancient Cuneiform Tablet from Mesopotamia
Historical Overview of the Ancient Eurasian Tributary Societies and Cultures
Ancient Fertile Crescent (Mesopotamia, Egypt and Northeast Africa, Persia)
Case Study 5: Emergence of Ancient Israel and Judaism
Ancient Asia (China, India)
Ancient Europe (Greece, Rome)
Case Study 6: Samir Amin's Perspective on the Ancient Network of Eurasian World-Systems and Classic Civilizations

CHAPTER 4 HISTORY OF LATE PRE-MODERN TRIBUTARY SOCIETIES AND CULTURES
Vignette: Mohammed the Messenger, Founder of an Islamic State and Religion
Historical Overview of Late Pre-Modern Eurasian Societies and Cultures
Imperial Core Powers of the Late Pre-Modern Eurasian World-System (Islamic, Chinese, and Byzantine empires)
Case Study 7: Mediating Role of India within the Thirteenth-Century Eurasian Trade Network
Feudal Peripheries of the Late Pre-Modern Eurasian World-System (Western Europe, Japan)
Case Study 8: Russia, from Feudalism to Empire
Late Pre-Modern "Outer Peripheral" and "Frontier" States (Sub-Sahara African States,Late Pre-Modern New World "Frontier" States)
Case Study 9: Quetzalcoatl, a Mesoamerican Frontier Culture Hero

CHAPTER 5 HISTORY OF THE MODERN WORLD-SYSTEM AND ITS "OCCIDENTAL" CIVILIZATION
Vignette: Queen Elizabeth at the Dawn of the Modern Era
Defining "Occidentalism"
Modern World-System and Its Western Core Powers
Case Study 10: U.S. rise to World-System Hegemony
Western Civilization and Its Impact on the Modern World-System
Modern World-System Periphery and Resistance to the Western Core Powers
Case Study 11: Occidentalism and Resistance through Heroic Suicide

CHAPTER 6 HISTORY OF THE MODERN WORLD-SYSTEM AND ITS "ORIENTAL" CIVILIZATIONS
Vignette: Empress Dowager Cixi and Xuan Tong (Pu Yi), the Last Chinese Emperor
Defining "Orientalism"
Asia in the Context of the Modern World-System Periphery (China, Japan)
Case Study 12: The Changing Role of Caste in Modern India
Middle East in the Context of the Modern World-System Periphery
Case Study 13: Iraq and the Saddam Hussein Wars

CHAPTER 7 HISTORY OF THE MODERN WORLD-SYSTEM AND ITS "POST-COLONIAL" CIVILIZATIONS
Vignette: Initial Encounter between Spanish Colonizers and the Inka
Defining "Post-Colonialism"
Latin America in the Context of the Modern World-System Periphery
Case Study 14: The Virgin of Guadalupe Cult, a Post-colonial Mexican Legacy
Sub-Sahara Africa in the Context of the Modern World-System Periphery
Case Study 15: Post-Colonial Symbolism and Indigenous Leaders in Modern South Africa

CHAPTER 8 HISTORICAL ROUTES TO MODERNIZATION WITHIN THE MODERN WORLD-SYSTEM: DEVELOPMENT AND REVOLUTION
Vignette: Robespierre and the French Revolution
Modernization through Development
Case Study 16: Development in Turkey
Modernization through Revolution
Case Study 17: Revolution in Nicaragua
Failed Development, Failed Revolution
Case Study 18: Rwanda's Failed Development and Failed Revolution

CHAPTER 9 HISTORY OF POST-MODERNIZATION AND THE FUTURE OF THE MODERN WORLD-SYSTEM AND ITS CIVILIZATIONS
Vignette: McWorld vs. Jihad
Defining the "Post-Modernization
Case Study 19: U.S. Modernism Versus European Post-Modernism
Defining the "Postmodern" Perspective
Case Study 20: Michele Foucault, a Pioneer Postmodernist
Competing Perspectives on the Future of the Modern World (Postmodern, Social History, Anthropological, World-System, and Civilizations)

Summary and Conclusions
Glossary
Bibliography
Index
About the Author

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