All Access for the AP® U.S. History Exam
Book + Web + Mobile
Completely Revised for the 2015 Exam
Everything you need to prepare for the Advanced Placement® exam, in a study system built around you!
There are many different ways to prepare for an Advanced Placement® exam. What's best for you depends on how much time you have to study and how comfortable you are with the subject matter. To score your highest, you need a system that can be customized to fit you: your schedule, your learning style, and your current level of knowledge.
This book, and the online tools that come with it, will help you personalize your AP® U.S. History prep by testing your understanding, pinpointing your weaknesses, and delivering flashcard study materials unique to you.
REA's All Access system allows you to create a personalized study plan through three simple steps.
Here's how it works:
Review the Book:
Study the topics tested on the new AP® U.S. History exam and learn proven strategies that will help you tackle any question you may see on test day.
Test Yourself and Get Feedback:
As you review the book, test yourself with 9 end-of-chapter quizzes and 2 mini-tests. Score reports from your online tests and quizzes give you a fast way to pinpoint what you really know and what you should spend more time studying.
Improve Your Score:
Armed with your score reports, you can personalize your study plan. Review the parts of the book where you are weakest, and use the REA Study Center to create your own unique e-flashcards, adding to the 100 free cards included with the book.
Visit The REA Study Center for a suite of online tools:
The best way to personalize your study plan is to get feedback on what you know and what you don't. At the online REA Study Center, you can access three types of assessment: topic-level quizzes, mini-tests, and a full-length practice test. Each of these tools provides true-to-format questions and delivers a detailed score report that follows the topics set by the College Board®.
Topic Level Quizzes:
Short, 15-minute quizzes are available throughout the review and test your immediate understanding of the topics just covered.
Two online mini-tests cover what you've studied in each half of the book. These tests are like the actual AP® U.S. History exam, only shorter, and will help you evaluate your overall understanding of the subject.
2 Full-Length Practice Tests - 1 in the Book and 1 Online
After you have finished reviewing the book, take our full-length practice exams to test what you've learned. These practice tests give you the most complete picture of your strengths and weaknesses. The online exam includes the added benefits of timed testing, automatic scoring, and a detailed score report.
Improving Your Score with e-Flashcards:
With your score reports from the quizzes and tests, you'll be able to see exactly which AP® U.S. History topics you need to review. Use this information to create your own flashcards for the areas where you are weak. And, because you will create these flashcards through the REA Study Center, you'll be able to access them from any computer or smartphone.
REA's All Access test prep is a must-have for students taking the AP® U.S. History exam!
|Publisher:||Research & Education Association|
|Series:||Advanced Placement (AP) All Access Series|
|Edition description:||Second Edition, Revised|
|Product dimensions:||8.50(w) x 10.70(h) x 1.70(d)|
|Age Range:||15 - 17 Years|
About the Author
Greg Feldmeth earned an A.B. degree from Occidental College and masters’ degrees from the University of California at Berkeley, California State University at Los Angeles, and Columbia University in New York City. He has taught U.S. history for over 40 years, while also offering courses in Contemporary Ethical Issues, Globalization and Human Rights, European History, and World History.
He is currently History Department Co-Chair and Assistant Head of School at the Polytechnic School in Pasadena, California. He also teaches an online course, Genocide and Human Rights through the Global Online Academy. Mr. Feldmeth has written or edited twelve U.S. history review books for teachers and students.
Christine Custred teaches AP® United States History and AP® World History at Edmond Memorial High School, in Edmond, Oklahoma. She holds a master’s degree in education administration (M.Ed.) and is a National Board Certified Teacher.
Ms. Custred has been a College Board® consultant since 2000, presenting at numerous College Board® institutes, including international institutes. She has been an AP® Summer Institute consultant since 2003, presenting at more than 50 summer institutes. She has developed and team-taught a combination course that bridges AP® U.S. History and AP® English Language and has co-presented at a Southwest Regional College Board® conference. She has served as a reader for both the AP® United States and AP® World History exams.
Read an Excerpt
Welcome to REA’s All Access for AP U.S. History
New Prep for the New Test
There’s no two ways about it. The redesigned 2015 AP U.S. History (APUSH) exam is notably different from previous versions of the test—but don’t worry, we’re here to help you prepare.
REA’s AP U.S. History All Access is organized to get you on track with a study plan so you can take the exam with confidence and get a high score. The more you know about the new AP U.S. History exam and how the questions will be presented, the better you’ll do.
Here are some of the valuable features you’ll find in AP U.S. History All Access:
• A complete course review, spanning pre-Columbian societies to the early 21st century, that’s structured to help you apply the four skill types the College Board says you need: chronological reasoning, comparison and contextualization, crafting historical arguments from historical evidence, and historical interpretation and synthesis.
• Carefully constructed true-to-format practice tests—one in the book and one online—give you the look and feel of the revamped exam.
• A recap of major figures in American history organized by the nine historical periods covered by the test.
• Quick-access summaries of major wars, important treaties, and the presidential elections.
• An online glossary of must-know AP U.S. History terms.
• A detailed index to allow you to flip to any topic for quick review.
A Snapshot of the Redesigned Exam
The College Board’s AP U.S. History Development Committee periodically reviews the APUSH exam to ensure that it’s aligned with college-level work and expectations. College faculty and expert AP educators are surveyed, and the findings are shared before exam and course revisions are carried out. The 2015 AP U.S. History exam represents just such an event.
Based on our close analysis of the revised exam, REA has developed a set of strategies that you can use to tackle the exam efficiently and successfully. These strategies are covered in detail in Chapter 2. But for now, let’s look at how your score points are distributed and give you a glimpse at the exam’s two sections, both of which are divided into two parts:
Section I includes 55 multiple-choice questions, which you will see in Part A, and four short-answer questions, which will appear in Part B. You will be given 55 minutes for the multiple-choice part and 50 minutes for the short-answer part. The entire section accounts for 60% of your total score.
The APUSH exam’s new look begins with a different approach to multiple-choice questions, which account for more of your score than any other part—40% of total available score points. You will be presented with a number of question sets, each with at least two questions. These questions are associated with stimulus material, which sets the tone for the revised exam’s emphasis on critical thinking. The stimulus material can be primary or secondary sources, which may include texts, images (e.g., photographs or cartoons), graphs, or maps. Be prepared to compare and contrast historical periods by identifying underlying or prevailing themes.
Short-answer questions are brand new to the exam and are worth 20% of your score. These four questions require you to address one or more historical themes. Section II includes the document-based and long-essay questions. The exam has one of each. You are given 90 minutes to complete this section. The College Board recommends spending 15 minutes reading the material for the document-based question and 40 minutes writing your answer. They suggest using the remaining 35 minutes to write the long essay. This entire section accounts for 40% of your total exam score.
The document-based question, or DBQ as it’s better known, is a mainstay of the exam that “measures students’ ability to analyze and synthesize historical data and to assess verbal, quantitative, or visual materials as historical evidence,” according to the College Board. Your key to success with the DBQ, which is worth 25% of your total available score points, is to use your outside knowledge to lend context to documents with which you’re presented.
Then there’s the long essay, which, while worth the least in terms of score value—15%—could be just the thing to help you earn a top score. Here you will have a choice between two comparable long-essay options. Pick the one you’re more comfortable with, and show the AP readers the historical thinking skills you’ve honed with help from REA.
Now that you’ve got a good grasp of what’s on the new AP U.S. History exam, let’s learn how this All Access prep package can help you study more effectively and score higher on the test.
How to Use REA’s AP All Access
There are many different ways to prepare for an AP exam. What’s best for you depends on how much time you have to study and how comfortable you are with the subject matter. To score your highest, you need a system that can be customized to fit you: your schedule, your learning style, and your current level of knowledge.
This book, and the free online tools that come with it, will help you personalize your AP prep by testing your understanding, pinpointing your weaknesses, and delivering flashcard study materials unique to you.
The REA AP All Access system allows you to create a personalized study plan through three simple steps: targeted review of exam content, assessment of your knowledge, and focused study in the topics where you need the most help.
Here’s how it works:
Review the Book: Study the topics tested on the AP exam and learn proven strategies that will help you tackle any question you may see on test day.
Test Yourself & Get Feedback: As you review the book, test yourself. Score reports from your free online tests and quizzes give you a fast way to pinpoint what you really know and what you should spend more time studying.
Improve Your Score: Armed with your score reports, you can personalize your study plan. Review the parts of the book where you are weakest, and use the REA Study Center to create your own unique e-flashcards, adding to the 100 free cards included with this book.
Finding Your Strengths and Weaknesses: The REA Study Center
The best way to personalize your study plan and truly focus on the topics where you need the most help is to get frequent feedback on what you know and what you don’t. At the online REA Study Center, you can access three types of assessment: end-of-chapter quizzes, mini-tests, and a full-length practice test. Each of these tools delivers a detailed score report that follows the topics set by the College Board.
9 End-of-Chapter Quizzes - Short online quizzes are available throughout the review and are designed to test your immediate grasp of the topics just covered.
2 Mini-Tests (Just like your own midterm and final) - Available both in this book and online, two mini-tests cover what you’ve studied in each half of the book. These tests are like the actual AP exam, only shorter, and will help you evaluate your overall understanding of the subject.
2 Full-Length Practice Tests - After you’ve finished reviewing the book, take our full-length exams to practice under test-day conditions. Practice Test 1 is available in this book and Practice Test 2 is online at the REA Study Center (www.rea.com/studycenter). These tests give you the most complete picture of your strengths and weaknesses. We strongly recommend that you take the online version of the exam for the added benefits of timed testing, automatic scoring, and a detailed score report.
Improving Your Score: e-Flashcards - Once you get your score reports from the online quizzes and tests, you’ll be able to see exactly which topics you need to review. Use this information to create your own flashcards for the areas where you still need additional practice. And, because you will create these flashcards through the REA Study Center, you’ll be able to access them from any computer or smartphone. Not quite sure what to put on your flashcards? Start with the 100 free cards included when you buy this book.
After the Full-Length Practice Tests: Crash Course
After finishing this book and taking our full-length practice exams, pick up REA’s Crash Course for AP U.S. History, 3rd Edition. Use your most recent score reports to identify any areas where you still need additional review, and turn to the Crash Course for a rapid review presented in a concise outline style.
Table of Contents
About Our Authors
About Research & Education Association
Chapter 1: Welcome to REA’s All Access for AP U.S. History
Chapter 2: Strategies for the Revised Exam
Section I: Strategies for the Multiple-Choice and Short-Answer Sections of the Exam
Section II: Strategies for the Free-Response Section of the Exam
Chapter 3: Pre-Columbian America and Early European Contact (1491-1607) 272,000 Separate Cultures
Highly Organized Society
Some Native Tribes Rendered Nearly Extinct
Chapter 4: The English Colonies (1607-1754)
The Pilgrims at Plymouth
The Massachusetts Bay Colony
Rhode Island, Connecticut, and New Hampshire
New York and New Jersey
The Colonial World
The 18th Century
Chapter 5: The New Nation (1754-1800)
The French and Indian War
The Coming of the American Revolution
The War for Independence
The Creation of New Governments
Development and Ratification of the Constitution, 1785–1789
Outline of the United States Constitution
Separation and Limitation of Powers
The Federalist Era, 1789–1800
Washington’s Administration, 1789–1797
Foreign and Frontier Affairs
John Adams’ Administration, 1797–1801
Repression and Protest
The Revolution of 1800
Chapter 6: Democracy, Economic Growth, and Social Reform (1800-1848)
The Jeffersonian Era
Conflict with the Judges
Madison’s Administration, 1809–1817
Internal Development, 1820–1830
The Marshall Court
Statehood: A Balancing Act
The Expanding Economy
The Transportation Revolution
Developments in Religious Life
Jacksonian Democracy, 1829–1841
The Election of 1824
The Webster-Hayne Debate, 1830
The War on the Bank
The Election of 1840
The Significance of Jacksonian Politics
The Flowering of Literature
The Fine Arts
Diverging Societies—Life in the North
The Role of Women and Minorities
The Northeast Leads the Way
Everyday Life in the North
Diverging Societies—Life in the South
Classes in the South
The Institution of Slavery
Commerce and Industry
Life in the Southern States
Tyler, Polk, and Continued Westward Expansion
An Age of Social Reform
Remaking Society: Organized Reform
Chapter 7: Expansion, Divisions, Civil War, and Reconstruction (1844-1877)
The Election of 1844
Polk as President
The Settlement of Oregon
The Mormon Migration
The Coming of War with Mexico
The Mexican-American War
The Crisis of 1850 and America at Mid-Century
The Return of Sectional Conflict
The Coming of the Civil War
The Civil War and Reconstruction, 1860–1877
The Union Preserved
The Ordeal of Reconstruction
Chapter 8: Industrialism and the Gilded Age (1865-1898)
Politics of the Period, 1877–1882
The Economy, 1877–1882
Social and Cultural Developments, 1877–1882
The Reaction to Corporate Industrialism, 1882–1887
Politics of the Period, 1882–1888
The Economy, 1882–1887
Indians in the American West, 1865–1890
Social and Cultural Developments, 1882–1887
The Economy, 1887–1892
Social and Cultural Developments, 1887–1892
Economic Depression and Social Crisis, 1892–1897
The Economy, 1892–1897
Social and Cultural Developments, 1892–1897
Chapter 9: Global and Domestic Challenges (1890-1945)
International Relations, 1890–1897
War and the Americanization of the World, 1897–1902
Foreign Policy, 1897–1902
Theodore Roosevelt and Progressive Reforms, 1902–1907
The Economy, 1902–1907
Foreign Relations, 1902–1907
The Later Progressive Era, 1907–1912
Politics of the Period, 1907–1912
The Economy, 1907–1912
Social and Cultural Developments, 1907–1912
Foreign Relations, 1907–1912
The Wilson Years, 1913–1921
The Election of 1916
Social Issues in the First Wilson Administration
Wilson’s Foreign Policy and the Road to War
The Road to War in Europe
World War I: The Military Campaign
Mobilizing the Home Front
Wartime Social Trends
Peacemaking and Domestic Problems, 1918–1920
Domestic Problems and the End of the Wilson Administration
The Roaring Twenties and Economic Collapse, 1920–1929
The Twenties: Economic Advances and Social Tensions
American Society in the 1920s
Government and Politics in the 1920s: The Harding Administration
The Election of 1924
The Coolidge Administration
The Election of 1928
Foreign Policy in the Twenties
The Great Depression: The 1929 Crash
Reasons for the Depression
Hoover’s Depression Policies
The Election of 1932
The First New Deal
Legislation of the First New Deal
The Second New Deal: Opposition from the Right and Left
The Second New Deal Begins
The Election of 1936
The Last Years of the New Deal
Social Dimensions of the New Deal Era
Cultural Trends of the 1930s
New Deal Diplomacy and the Road to War
United States Neutrality Legislation
Threats to World Order
The American Response to the War in Europe
The Election of 1940
American Involvement with the European War
The Road to Pearl Harbor
The Home Front
The North African and European Theatres
The Pacific Theatre
The Atomic Bomb
Diplomacy and Wartime Conferences
Chapter 10: Domestic Prosperity and International Responsibilities (1945-1980)
The Emergence of the Cold War and Containment
Containment in Asia
Eisenhower-Dulles Foreign Policy
The Politics of Affluence: Demobilization and Domestic Policy
Truman’s Domestic Programs—The Fair Deal
Eisenhower’s Dynamic Conservatism
The Election of 1960
Society and Culture
Conformity and Security
Seeds of Rebellion
Kennedy’s “New Frontier” and the Liberal Revival, 1961–1963
The Cold War Continues
Johnson and the Great Society, 1963–1969
Emergence of Black Power
The New Left
Election of 1968
The Nixon Conservative Reaction
Nixon’s Foreign Policy
Election of 1972
The Watergate Scandal
The Ford Presidency
Carter’s Moderate Liberalism
Carter’s Foreign Policy
The Iranian Crisis
The Election of 1980
Chapter 11: The Rise of Conservativism, Post–Cold War Challenges, and a Changing Population (1980-Present)
American Hostage Crisis Ended
The Reagan Presidency: Attacking Big Government
Asserting American Power
Election of 1984
Second-Term Foreign Concerns
Second-Term Domestic Affairs
Election of 1988
Bush Abandons Reaganomics
Other Domestic Issues Under Bush
Bush’s Activist Foreign Policy
Collapse of East European Communism
Breakup of the Soviet Union
The Election of 1992
The Clinton Presidency—A Rocky Start
The Election of 2000
9–11 Terror Attacks Change America
First Obama Administration, 2009–2013
Practice Exam 1
Practice Exam 2
Appendix A: America’s Major Wars
Appendix B: Key Presidential Elections
Appendix C: Important International Treaties
Appendix D: Key Characters in American History