Apologetic Discourse and the Scribal Tradition: Evidence of the Influence of Apologetic Interests on the Text of the Canonical GospelsText-Critical Studies Series)

Apologetic Discourse and the Scribal Tradition: Evidence of the Influence of Apologetic Interests on the Text of the Canonical GospelsText-Critical Studies Series)


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Kannaday (religion and philosophy, Newberry College) asserts that apologetic interests influenced those who preserved and reproduced the early gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke and John. Working from variant readings from traditional texts, as well as from the contexts of early Christianity, Kannaday finds sufficient evidence to support his assertion that portions of the canon, at the very least, were altered to support the acceptance of this new faith in various populations, particular those of pagans. In particular he examines the apologetic claim to antiquity, the shifts in emphasis in describing the life and purpose of the Christ, the potentially calamitous cultural composition of the early faithful, and the implications of apologetic influences on texts, methodology, and history. Kannaday includes a supplementary index of textual variants. Annotation ©2004 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781589831018
Publisher: Society of Biblical Literature
Publication date: 08/28/2004
Series: Text-Critical Studies Series
Pages: 292
Sales rank: 663,098
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.66(d)

Table of Contents

List of Abbreviationsxii
Chapter I.The Pen and the Sword: Apologetic Discourse and the Text of the New Testament1
Scribal Intentionality and the New Testament Text: A Forschungsbericht5
Relevant Text-Critical Works5
Relevant Writings Pertaining to Early Christian Apologetics18
Pagan Opposition and Christian Apologetic Response23
Pagan Opposition to Christianity24
Pliny, Governor of Bithynia-Pontus24
Two Pagan Historians: Tacitus & Suetonius25
Other Early Second-Century Sources26
Satirists: Lucian of Samosata and Apuleius of Madaura26
Marcus Cornelius Fronto30
Celsus and [characters not reproducible]31
Porphyry of Tyre32
Pagan Opposition in Summary: One Side of the Discourse34
Christian Apologetic Response35
The Earliest Christian Apologists: Quadratus and Aristides35
Justin Martyr37
Athenagoras of Athens46
Theophilus of Antioch48
Mlito of Sardis50
Clement of Alexandria51
Select Latin Apologists: Tertullian and Minucius Felix54
In Summary: A Profile of Apologetic Interests56
Chapter II.Antiquity, Harmony, and Factual Consistency: Issues of Intellectual Integrity59
The Pagan Accusation of Novelty and the Apologetic Claim to Antiquity61
Variant Readings Related to Prophecy and Antiquity65
Excursus: The Temporal Priority of Jesus to John the Baptizer78
Pagan Criticism of Inconsistency and Christian Harmonization82
Variant Readings Related to Issues of Textual Harmony and Consistency90
Chapter III.Jesus: According to the Scribes101
Variant Readings104
The Folly of the Cross105
The Author of This Sedition111
A Carpenter by Trade117
A Magician and A Deceiver of the People119
A Man of Profane Temperament129
Chapter IV.Fanatics, Fools, and Females: Scribes in Defense of the Followers of Jesus141
Variant Readings148
Regarding the Fanatics Who Followed Jesus148
Regarding the Fools Who Followed Jesus166
The Females Who Followed Jesus176
All's Well That Ends Well: Mark 16:9-20189
The Shorter Ending192
The Longer Ending193
The Freer Logion196
Chapter V.When Quire Meets Empire: Scribal Tradition and the Roman State199
Excursus: Why Were Early Christians Persecuted?200
Christians Through the Eyes of Pagan Despisers206
Christian Apologists and the Roman State208
Variant Readings210
"Kingdom" [characters not reproducible] Language in the Gospel of Luke210
The Exoneration of Pilate216
Scribal Characterization of Opponents as Evil231
Chapter VI.The Influence of Apologetic Interests on the Text of the Canonical Gospels237
Implications of This Study244
Textual Implications244
Methodological Implications245
Historical Implications247
Chapter VII.Selected Bibliography251

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