Applications of Synthetic Resin Latices , Fundamental Chemistry of Latices & Applications in Adhesives / Edition 1 available in Hardcover
- Pub. Date:
This book covers the fundamental chemistry of latices and their applications in adhesives. These water-based latices are playing a far greater role in many applications and match the growing concern over environmental safety. This book is available separately or as part of a 3-volume set and offers an insight into the advances and developments in this field.
* Introduces the principles and practice of emulsion polymerisation and of the resulting latices and their properties
* Includes alkali-solubility, in relation to the requirements of specific applications, including pigmented systems and technical latices
* Contains a comprehensive account of the formulation of latex-based adhesives for the bonding of many different substances
As a comprehensive account of the science of polymer latices, these volumes are an invaluable resource for research workers and end-users in academia and industry working on water-based paints, adhesives, emulsions, dispersions and coatings.
About the Author
H. Warson is the author of Applications of Synthetic Resin Latices , Volume 1, Fundamental Chemistry of Latices & Applications in Adhesives, published by Wiley. C. A. Finch is the author of Applications of Synthetic Resin Latices , Volume 1, Fundamental Chemistry of Latices & Applications in Adhesives, published by Wiley.
Table of Contents
ApplicationsA Note on References.
FUNDAMENTALS OF POLYMER CHEMISTRY.
The Concept of a Polymer.
Free radical polymerisation.
Block and Graft Copolymers.
Polymer Structure and Properties.
Molecular weight effects.
Technology of Polymerisation.
The Principal Monomers and Their Polymer.
Polymerisable acids and anhydrides.
Esters for copolymerisation.
Monomers with several double bonds.
Miscellaneous monomers containing nitrogen.
Toxicity and handling.
Physical Properties of Monomers.
EMULSIONS AND COLLOIDS.
Introduction to Colloid Chemistry.
Surfactants and Stabilisers.
A Survey of Technical Surfactants.
Anionic types-fatty acids and allied salts.
Sulfates and sulfonates.
Colloids and High Molecular Weight Stabilisers.
Starch and dextrin.
Other semi-synthetic colloids.
Other synthetic water-soluble polymers.
Supplementary references for Section 3.9.
Chemistry and fundamentals.
Technology, Laboratory and Large Scale.
Pilot plants and large-scale reactors.
Special techniques; continuous processes.
Varied polymerisation techniques.
Vinyl Acetate and Copolymer Latices.
Historical development of latices.
Polyvinyl acetate and related coploymers.
Copolymers of vinyl acetate.
Equivalence of 'external' and 'internal' plasticisation.
Typical acrylic formulations.
Developments in polymerisation of acrylics.
Diene Polymers and Copolymers.
Dienes: non-rubber applications.
Carboxylated latex formulations.
Vinyl chloride polymers and copolymers.
Vinylidene chloride polymers and copolymers.
Monomers containing bromine.
Vinyl compounds containing fluorine.
Emulsion Polymerisation-Theoretical Considerations.
Types of mechanism.
Theories of Harkins and Smith and Ewart.
Theory of Medvedev.
Theoretical developments-Fitch and Ugelstadt.
Specificity of surfactants and stabilisers.
Latex particle stablization.
Further quantitative investigations.
Emulsion polymerisation, acrylic and methacrylic esters.
Emulsion polymerisation of vinyl acetate.
Styrene copolymers (except with dienes).
Copolymerisation including a water-soluble monomer.
Emulsion Polymerisation in Supercritical Carbon Dioxide.
Interpenetrating Networks (IPN).
LATEX PROPERTIES RELATIVE TO APPLICATIONS.
Various Properties and Descriptions.
Emulsion particles and resultant properties.
Core-shell copolymers-surface and buried groups.
Adsorption of surfactants on latex particles.
Freeze-Thaw and Tropical Stability.
Freeze-thaw stability-general principles.
Freeze-thaw stability-technical methods of control.
Minimum film-forming temperature.
Specific studies-film formation.
Addition of Plasticisers and Coalescing Solvents.
The mechanism of platicisation in emulsion.
Plasticisation of principle polymers.
Transient plasticisers (coalescing solvents).
Some common pigments and extenders.
Pigmentation of latices.
General properties of pigmented systems.
Critical pigment volume concentration.
CROSSLINKING AND CURING.
Problems of crosslinking in latices.
A survey of crosslinking.
Estimation of Crosslinking.
Multiple Double Bonds.
Polymers including divinylbenzene and allied monomers.
Polymers derived from acrylic and allied esters-multiple double bonds.
Allyl polymers-multiple double bonds.
Other vinyl-type polymers with residual unsaturation.
The Carboxyl Function in Polymers.
Combinations with hydroxyl and epoxide groups.
The Hydroxyl Function.
Reactions with aldehydes.
The Epoxide Function.
Internal epoxide groups in unsaturated monomer.
External epoxide compounds.
Di-Isocyanates and Polyurethanes In Vinyl-Type Cures.
Polymers Containing (Meth)Acrylamide.
Chemistry of the reactions.
Simple derivatives of acrylamide.
Methylene bis acrylamide (MBAM).
Other amide derivatives with unsaturation.
Cure with aminoplasts.
Polymers Containing Halogens.
Cure by electron beam (EB).
Incorporation of Siloxanes.
Cure of Eva and Saturated Polymers.
Other Crosslinking Systems.
Acid and alkali induced crosslinking.
Crosslinking via beta-ketonic acid esters.
Crosslinking with reactive nitrogen compounds.
Intra- and inter-molecular reactions.
TECHNICAL POLYMER LATICES.
Polyvinyl Acetate and Related Polymers.
Copolymers of dinyl acetate.
Typical commercial products.
Acrylic Polymers and Copolymers.
Properties of acrylic polymers.
Properties of acrylic resin films.
Vinyl Halide Polymers.
Polymers and copolymers of vinylidene chloride.
Styrene Polymers and Copolymers.
Polymers Based on Aliphatic Hydrocarbons.
The Testing of Latices.
Total solids content.
Soap titration; surface tension measurements.
Settling and sedimentation.
Minimum film temperature (MFT).
Relative molecular weight (viscosity).
General film measurements.
Determination of charge.
UNSATURATED POLYMERS AND NON-VINYL EMULSIONS.
Alkyds and Polyesters.
Alkyds and allied products.
Epoxide Resins and Blends.
Initial condensation in emulsion.
Amine salt emulsification.
Epoxides containing halogens.
Epoxide emulsions-miscellaneous blends and reactions.
Some methods of emulsification.
Textile and paper applications of silicone oragnopolysiloxane latices.
Silicone latices in surface coating and building.
Chemistry of isocyanate adducts.
Applications of polyurethane latices.
POLYMER LATICES IN THE FORMULATION OF ADHESIVES.
Terminology of adhesives.
Survey of Theories of Adhesion.
The function of adhesives: latex adhesives.
Latex-Based Adhesives: Some Practical Aspects.
Functions of adhesives.
Practical requirements of adhesives.
Specific Adhesive Types.
Polyvinyl acetate homopolymer-based adhesives.
Polyvinyl acetate copolymer-based adhesives.
Polyvinyl propionate latices in adhesives.
Acrylic copolymer latices.
Vinylidene chloride and other halogenated polymer latices in adhesive.
Butadiene coploymer latices.
Other latex types.
Latex-Based Adhesives with Specific Functions.
Removable pressure-sensitive adhesives.
Delayed tack adhesives.
Quick-tack and contact-grab adhesives.
Redispersible components for pressure-sensitive adhesives.
Adhesive for Specific Applications.
Latex-based adhesives for paper bonding.
Adhesives for packaging.
Miscellaneous latex-based adhesives.
Vinylpyriding copolymer adhesives.
Dip additives and composition.
Other rubber adhesive systems.
Modifications of resorcinol-formaldehyde resins.
Test Methods for Adhesives.
Appendix: Some Technical Products for Water-Based Adhesives.
Glossary of Terms Relating to Adhesives.