Due to the rapid increase in world population and improving living standards, the global agriculture sector is confronting with challenges for the sustainability of agricultural production and of the environment. Intensive high-yield agriculture is typically dependent on addition of fertilizers (synthetic chemicals, animal manure, etc.). However, non-point nutrient losses from agricultural fields due to fertilization could adversely impact the environment. Increased knowledge on plant nutrient chemistry is required for improving utilization efficiency and minimizing loses from both inorganic and organic nutrient sources. For this purpose, the book is composed of 19 chapters that highlight recent research activities in applied nutrient chemistry geared toward sustainable agriculture and environment. Topics of interest include, but are not limited, to speciation, quantification, and interactions of various plant nutrients and relevant contributories in manure, soil, and plants. This book outlooks emerging researchable issues on alternative utilization and environmental monitoring of manure and other agricultural by products that may stimulate new research ideas and direction in the relevant fields.
|Edition description:||Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 2014|
|Product dimensions:||6.10(w) x 9.25(h) x 0.03(d)|
About the Author
Dr. Zhongqi He is a research chemist at the USDA and works on Commodity Utilization. He is well known and cited in his area of research. Working with colleagues at the ARS New England Plant, Soil, and Water Laboratory in Orono, Maine, Zhongqi He showed that conventional and organic dairy manures from commercial dairy farms differed in concentrations of plant nutrients, including phosphorus, metals and minerals.
Table of ContentsPreface
About the editors
1 Animal Manure Production and Utilization in the US; Hailin Zhang and Jackie Schroder
2 Residual Veterinary Pharmaceuticals in Animal Manures and Their Environmental Behaviors in Soils; Weiping Song and Mingxin Guo
3 Changes in Nutrient Content and Availability during the Slow Pyrolysis of Animal Wastes; Minori Uchimiya
4 Soil Amino Compound and Carbohydrate Contents Influenced by Organic Amendments; Zhongqi He, Daniel C. Olk and Heidi M. Waldrip
5 Nitrogen Mineralization in Soils Amended with Manure as Affected by Environmental Conditions; Dexter B. Watts and H. Allen Torbert
6 Soil Enzyme Activities as Affected by Manure Types, Application Rates, and Management Practices; Veronica Acosta-Martinez and Heidi M. Waldrip
7 Phosphatase Activities and Their Effects on Phosphorus Availability in Soils Amended with Livestock Manures, Heidi M. Waldrip and Veronica Acosta-Martinez
8 Variety and Solubility of Phosphorus Forms in Animal Manure and Their Effects on Soil Test Phosphorus; Paulo Pagliari
9 Phytate in Animal Manure and Soils: Abundance, Cycling and Bioavailability; Courtney D. Giles and Barbara J. Cade-Menun
10 Phosphorus Forms and Mineralization Potentials of Alabama Upland Cotton Production Soils Amended with Poultry Litter; Irenus A. Tazisong, Zachary N. Senwo, Barbara J. Cade-Menun and Zhongqi He
11 Chemistry and Application of Industrial By-Products to Animal Manure for Reducing Phosphorus Losses to Surface Waters; Chad J. Penn, and Joshua M. McGrath
12 Nutrient Chemistry of Manure and Manure-Impacted Soils as Influenced by Application of Bauxite; Jim J. Wang, and Lewis A. Gaston
13 Investigation of Compound-Specific Organic-Inorganic Phosphorus Transformation Using Stable Isotope Ratios in Phosphate; Deb P. Jaisi, Ruth E. Blake,Yuhong Liang, and Sae J. Chang14 Chemical Characteristics of Custom Compost for Highbush Blueberry; Dan M. Sullivan, David R. Bryla, and Ryan C. Costello
15 Distribution and Biodegradability of Water Soluble Organic Carbon and Nitrogen in Subarctic Alaskan Soils under Three Different Land Uses; Mingchu Zhang, Aiqin Zhao, and Zhongqi He
16 Remote Sensing of Nutrient Characteristics of Soils and Crops in Biosolid Amended Soils; B. B. Maruthi Sridhar, Fengxiang X. Han and Robert K. Vincent
17 Cotton Production Improvement and Environmental Concerns from Poultry Litter Application in Southern and Southeastern USA Soils; Haile Tewolde, and Karamat Sistani.