Applying Ethics: A Text with Readings (with Infotrac) / Edition 8 available in Paperback
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- Cengage Learning
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About the Author
Julie C. Van Camp is Professor of Philosophy and the Pre-Law Advisor at California State University, Long Beach, where she teaches philosophy of law and applied ethics. Along with a Ph.D. in philosophy from Temple University, she holds a J.D. from Georgetown University. She has been admitted to the State Bar of California and the District of Columbia Bar.
Vincent Barry has been professor of philosophy at Bakersfield College for over thirty years. In addition to co-authoring APPLYING ETHICS, he is the co-author of three other widely read Thomson Wadsworth publications¿MORAL ISSUES IN BUSINESS, INVITATION TO CRITICAL THINKING, and THINKING PHILOSOPHICALLY ABOUT DEATH AND DYING. He lives in Santa Barbara with his wife Jeannine and his young daughter Jen-Li Rose, whom he and his wife adopted in China in 1997.
Table of ContentsPart I: MORAL REASONING. 1. Moral Reasons. Moral Reasoning. Individual Morality and Social Morality. Ethical Relativism. Principles of Individual Morality. Principles of Social Morality. Summary and Conclusions. Readings: Moral Virtue, Aristotle. Respect for Persons, Immanuel Kant. Utilitarianism, John Stuart Mill. The Need For More than Justice, Annette C. Baier. 2. Good Reasoning. Arguments. Evaluating Moral Arguments. Summary and Conclusions. Part II: ISSUES. 3. Sexual Morality. The Traditional View. The Libertarian View. Treating Sex Differently. Arguments for Sexual Libertarianism. Arguments against Sexual Libertarianism. Readings: Sexual Morality, Roger Scruton. Plain Sex, Alan H. Goldman. Why Homosexuality is Abnormal, Michael Levin. Homosexuality and Nature, Timothy F. Murphy. Case Presentations: Deception or Joke? AIDS Education. Lawrence v. Texas: Private Rights and Public Morality. Marriage and Civil Unions. 4. Abortion. Biological Background. The Moral Problem. The Ontological Status of the Fetus. The Moral Status of the Fetus. Pro-Life Arguments (against Abortion). Pro-Choice Arguments (for Abortion). Readings: An Almost Absolute Value in History, John T. Noonan. A Defense of Abortion, Judith Jarvis Thomson. On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion, Mary Ann Warren. Virtue Theory and Abortion, Rosalind Hurthouse. Case Presentations: Mrs. Sherri Finkbine and the Thalidomide Tragedy. Conceived in Violence, Born In Hate. Death in Pensacola. The Fight for Martina Greywind"s Baby. 5. Euthanasia. Personhood. Death. Ordinary vs. Extraordinary Treatment. Killing vs. Allowing to Die. Meaning of Euthanasia: Narrow vs. Broad Interpretations.Voluntary vs. Non-voluntary Euthanasia. Assisted Suicide. The Right to Refuse Treatment. Defective Newborns. Arguments for Voluntary (Active) Euthanasia. Arguments against Voluntary (Active) Euthanasia. Readings: The Wrongfulness of Euthanasia, J. Gay-Williams. Active and Passive Euthanasia, James Rachels. Euthanasia, Philippa Foot. A Moral Principle About Killing, Richard Brandt. Case Presentations: I Did It Because I Loved My Son. Myrna is Dead-Desolation. A Choice Central to Personal Dignity. Legalized Assisted Suicide and Decriminalized Euthanasia. 6. Human Cloning. How Cloning Works: A Brief History. Why Clone Humans? Moral and Legal Issues. Arguments against Human Cloning. Arguments for Human Cloning. Readings: The Wisdom of Repugnance, Leon R. Kass. Moral Status of Cloning Humans, Michael Tooley. Genetic Encores: The Ethics of Human Cloning, Robert Wachbroit. The Constitution and the Clone, Cass R. Sunstein. Case Presentations: Recommendations of The President"s Council on Bioethics on Human Cloning and Human Dignity, Clonaid. A Birth to Save a Life. Therapeutic Human Cloning in Britain. 7. Capital Punishment. The Nature and Definition of Punishment. The Moral Acceptability of Punishment. Aims of Punishment. Retentionist and Abolitionist Defined. Capital Punishment as Deterrent. Abolitionist Arguments (against Capital Punishment). Retentionist Arguments (for Capital Punishment). Readings: Humane Punishment: The Death Penalty, J.S. Mill. The Death Sentence, Sidney Hook. On Deterrence and the Death Penalty, Ernest Van Den Haag. Capital Punishment and Social Defense, Hugh Adam Bedau. Case Presentations: J.D. Autry: Death in Texas. Karla Faye Tucker: The Pickax Murderer. A Failed Experiment? Warren McClesky. 8. Terrorism and Civil Liberties. Just War Theory. Pre-emptive Wars. Violence and Terrorism. Jihadism. Pacifism. Civil Liberties. Readings: Just War and Human Rights, David Luban. Realism, Just War, and Feminism in a Nuclear Age, Jean Bethke Elshtain. Violence, terrorism, and justice, R.G. Frey and Christopher W. Morris. Enemy Aliens, David Cole. Case Presentations: Pre-emptive War. Driving While Veiled. Feeling Safe. Racial Profiling Before and After 9/11. 9. Welfare and Social Justice. Transfer Payments. Does Welfare Work? Why Have Welfare? Distributive Justice. Equality, Need, and Merit. Libertarianism, Welfare Liberalism, and Socialism. Arguments for Welfare. Arguments against Welfare. Readings: What Libertarianism Is, John Hospers. The Right to Eat and the Duty to Work, Trudy Govier. Radical Egalitarianism, Kai Nielsen. Choosing a Future, Charles Murray. Case Presentations: Marta Green. The Poorest Place in America. Welfare as We Have Known It. The Women of Project Match. 10. Discrimination. Discrimination: Its Nature and Forms. Evidence of Discrimination. Affirmative Action: Preferential Treatment. Arguments against Affirmative Action. Arguments for Affirmative Action. Readings: The Justification of Reverse Discrimination, Tom L. Beauchamp. A Defense of Programs of Preferential Treatment, Richard Wasserstrom. Reverse Discrimination and Compensatory Justice, William T. Blackstone. Reverse Discrimination as Unjustified, Lisa Newton. Case Presentations: Brian Weber. Piscataway v. Taxman. Grutter v. Bollinger. Taking Race Into Account. Proposition 209. 11. Animal Rights. What Do We Owe Nonhuman Animals? Animal Rights. What"s Wrong with Speciesism? Arguments for Equal Treatment of Animals. Arguments against Equal Treatment of Animals. Readings: All Animals Are Equal, Peter Singer. The Case for Animal Rights, Tom Regan. Do Animals Have Rights? Tibor R. Machan. Speciesism and the Ideal of Equality, Bonnie Steinbock. Case Presentations: Putting Her to Sleep. Animal Liberators. Religious Sacrifice. A Himalayan Snow Leopard of One"s Own. 12. Environmental Ethics. Environmental Problems. The Moral Issue. Why Environmental Ethics? Arguments for an Environmental Ethic. Arguments against an Environmental Ethic. Readings: The Land Ethic, Aldo Leopold. The Ethics of Respect for Nature, Paul W. Taylor. People or Penguins, William F. Baxter. An Ecocentric Environmental Ethic, J. Baird Callicott. Case Presentations: A Metaphor for the Energy Debate. The Spotted Owl. The Chipko Movement. The Wildlands Project. Appendices. How to write a philosophy paper. Plagiarism: What it is, why it"s wrong, and how to avoid it. How to do research and citation on the Web. Glossary. Afterword. Index.