Arab Filmmakers of the Middle East: A Dictionary

Arab Filmmakers of the Middle East: A Dictionary

by Roy Armes

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Overview

In this landmark dictionary, Roy Armes details the scope and diversity of filmmaking across the Arab Middle East. Listing more than 550 feature films by more than 250 filmmakers, and short and documentary films by another 900 filmmakers, this volume covers the film production in Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Palestine, Syria, and the Gulf States. An introduction by Armes locates film and filmmaking traditions in the region from early efforts in the silent era to state-funded productions by isolated filmmakers and politically engaged documentarians. Part 1 lists biographical information about the filmmakers and their feature films. Part 2 details key feature films from the countries represented. Part 3 indexes feature-film titles in English and French with details about the director, date, and country of origin.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780253355188
Publisher: Indiana University Press
Publication date: 08/23/2010
Pages: 216
Product dimensions: 7.20(w) x 10.10(h) x 0.90(d)
Age Range: 18 Years

About the Author

Roy Armes is Professor Emeritus of Film at Middlesex University. He has published widely on world cinema and is author of Dictionary of African Filmmakers (IUP, 2008).

Read an Excerpt

Arab filmmakers of the Middle East

A Dictionary


By Roy Armes

Indiana University Press

Copyright © 2010 Roy Armes
All rights reserved.
ISBN: 978-0-253-35518-8



CHAPTER 1

Dictionary of Filmmakers


Abbas, Hiam. Palestinian filmmaker and actress. Born in 1960 in Nazareth, she has lived in France since 1989. She studied photography before turning to acting in 1983. Since playing the lead in Michel Khleifi's Palestinian Wedding in Galilee (1987), she has starred in a dozen or more major Arab films, including two Lebanese productions — Rashid Masharawi's Haifa and Danielle Arbid's Raddem; two Tunisian features — Raja Amari's Satin Rouge, and Moufida Tlatli's Nadia and Sara; two dealing with the immigrant community in France — Christophe Ruggia's Le Gône de chaaba and Bourlem Guerdjou's Living in Paradise; as well as Ahmed Boulane's Moroccan feature Ali, Rabia and the Others, and the Egyptian Yousry Nasrallah's Gate of the Sun. Short films: Bread / Le pain / al-Khubz (2000, 18', 35mm), The Eternal Dance / La danse éternelle / al-Raqisa al-abadiya (2003, 26', 35mm).


Abbas, Hussain Ghulom (Abu Jalal). Bahraini filmmaker. Born in 1947, he studied filmmaking in Tehran and worked there for some years. He also worked in television. Short films: Black Bag (1968), Compunction (2005, 52', DVD).


Abbas, Mustafa. Emirati filmmaker. He studied filmmaking at the Hollywood Film Institute and has written and directed a number of amateur films. Short film (with English dialogue): 100 Miles (2007, 26', Mini DV).


Abboud, Anne-Marie. Lebanese filmmaker. She studied filmmaking at Fine Arts Institute in Beirut. Short fictional film: Portrait of Memories (2000, 17').


Abboud, Marwa. Emirati filmmaker. Born in 1983, she studied at the American University of Sharjah. Short documentary film: Egoism (2004, 11', Mini DV).


Abboud, Taysir. Lebanese filmmaker. Feature films: The Madness of Adolescent Girls / La folie des adolescentes / Jounoun al-mourahikat (1969), The Bells of Return / Les cloches du retour / Ajrass al-awda (1969), Forgive Me, My Love / Pardonne-moi mon amour / Samehni habibi (1981).


Abdalla, Hussain Nabil. Emirati filmmaker. Born and raised in the UAE, of Palestinian descent, he studied at the American University of Sharjah. Short films: '48 and After (2007, 2', DVD), Too Much Work (2007, 1', Mini DV).


Abdallah, Ghassan. Syrian filmmaker. Short fictional film: Daydreams / Ahlam mountasaf al-daheera (2005, 7', 35mm).


Abdallah, Mona. Emirati filmmaker. She was born in 1988 in Benghazi, Libya, and lived in Lebanon before moving to the UAE. She studied at the American University of Sharjah. Short films: Bait (2007, 3', Mini DV), Break In (2007, 3', Mini DV), Aftermath (2007, 2', Mini DV).


ABDALLAH , SAMIR . Palestinian filmmaker. Born in 1959 in Denmark, he has lived in France since the age of 6 and has French nationality. He has made numerous short documentary films. Feature-length documentaries: We Shall Return One Day / Nous retournerons un jour (with Walid Charara, 1998, 90', video), Writers on the Borders, a Journey to Palestine / Écrivains des frontières (with Jose Reynes, 2004, 80', DV Cam), After the War ... / Après la guerre, c'est toujours la guerre (in Lebanon, 2008, 82', DigiBeta).


ABDELAZIZ, FALEH. Iraqi filmmaker. Feature film: Return to the Countryside / Retour à la campagne / Al-awda lil rif (1963, 35mm).


Abdelhadi, Walid. Palestinian filmmaker. Short film: Nour's Dream (2006).


ABDELHAMID, ABDELLATIF. Syrian filmmaker. Born in 1954 in Lattakiah, he first studied Arabic literature at university in his hometown, then filmmaking at the Moscow film school, VGIK, where he graduated in 1981. He has appeared as an actor in films by Mohamed Malas and Oussama Mohammad. His short and documentary films include three made during his studies: Good Night / Bonne nuit / Tushibuna ... ala-Khayr, An Old Lesson / Une ancienne leçon / Darsun qadima, Upside Down / Sens dessus dessous / Ra'as ala aqib (1981). After graduating, he made further documentaries: Desires a.k.a. Wishes / Désirs / Umnyat (1983), Our Hands / Nos mains / Aydeena (1984, 21'). In 1985, he wrote and directed a television serial, Two Weeks and Five Months / Usbu'an wa khamsat shuhur. Feature films: The Nights of the Jackal / Les nuits du chacal / Layali ibn aw a (1989, 95', 35mm), Verbal Messages / Lettres orales / Rasa'il al shafahyya (1991, 105', 35mm), The Rising Rain / La montée de la pluie / Su'ud al- matar (1996, 90', 35mm), Breeze of the Soul / Le souffle de l'âme / Nassim ar-ruh (1998, 90', 35mm), Two Moons and an Olive Tree a.k.a. Qamaran and Zeltouna / Deux lunes et un olivier / Qamarn wa zayrunah (2001, 90', 35mm), At Our Listeners' Request / Au plaisir des auditeurs / Ma yatlubuhu al-mustami'un (2003, 89', 35mm), Out of Coverage / Hors réseau / Kahref al-taghtiya (2007, 100', 35mm), Days of Boredom / Jours d'ennui / Ayyam al-dajar (2008).


Abdelrahman, Firas. Palestinian filmmaker. Short film: Rachel's War (2003).


Abdelwahed, Naima. Emirati filmmaker. Short film: Anti-Gendercide (with Farha Moon, 2007, 1', Mini DV).


Abdou, Sara Tarek. Emirati filmmaker. Studied at the American University of Sharjah. Short fictional film: Eruption (2006, 3', Mini DV).


Abdul Azeem, Hani. Emirati filmmaker. Short documentary films: Medicine School: A Story of Success (2001, 13', Beta SP), The Emirates Date Factory in Al-Sad (2001, 20', Beta SP).


ABDULAMIR, LAYTH. Iraqi filmmaker. Born in 1957 in Iraq, he studied film at the Sorbonne in Paris (1977–1980) and at the Fine Art Institute in Kiev (1980–1986). He made three short films, Night Chat, President, and Death, in 1982–1985. He subsequently worked in Kiev and then for French and Dubai television. Short fictional films: The Cradle / Le berceau (1985, 21', Beta SP), Sunflower (2005, 20', 16mm). Feature-length documentary: Iraq: The Song of the Missing Men / Irak, le chant des absents (in France, 2005, 93', DV Cam).


Abdulaziz, Samantha. Emirati filmmaker. She studied at the American University of Sharjah. Short fictional film: Where the Lost Things Go (2007, 4', Mini DV).


Abdulkhalek, Heba. Emirati filmmaker. Short film: Don't Drink and Drive (with Bandar al-Mandeel, 2000, 1', Mini DV).


Abdulla, Abdulla Abdulaziz. Qatari filmmaker. He studied at the Higher Institute of Arts in Kuwait. He works for Qatar TV and is also a stage director. Short film: From the Darkness to the Bright (2005, 7', Mini DV).


Abdulla, Hafez Ali. Qatari filmmaker. Born in 1975 in Doha, in Qatar, he studied drama at the California Arts Institute and then directing at the Chapman University in California. He has made a number of short fictional films, including Faces of Qatar / Visages du Qatar (2001), For You Alone / Pour toi seul (2002), I'm at Home / Je suis chez moi (2003), Taxi Driver / Chauffeur de taxi (2005, 19', Beta SP).


Abdulla, Suhail Matar. Emirati filmmaker. Studied at Dubai Men's College. Short films: Mis-Used Freedom (2007, 2', DV Cam), Innocent Souls (2007, 2', DV Cam).


Abdulla, Wedima Bilal. Emirati filmmaker. She studied at Abu Dhabi Women's College. Short fictional film: Kid's Revenge (2003, 2', DV Cam).


Abdullah, Bilal. Emirati filmmaker. An actor in ten short films. Short fictional film: Sunset (2002, 51', DV Cam).


Abdullah, Khalid. Emirati filmmaker. Studied at the American University of Sharjah. Short film: Alcoholism (with Fatma Almushrrakh, 1', Mini DV).

Abdullah, Yahya. Jordanian filmmaker. Born in 1978 in Lebanon, he studied literature at the University of Amman in Jordan, where he now teaches. He also studied filmmaking in Paris and works as a literary critic. He has made a number of short films: The Arab Citizen / Le citoyen arabe, Gentle Grandmother / La gentille grand-mère (2004), Family-Sized Middle East / À l'échelle familale (2004), Six Minutes / Six minutes (2005, 15', DV Cam), Colouring / Coloriage (2005), Hello, Hello / Allô, allô (2005), A Man in a Cup / Un homme dans la tasse (2005, 5', Beta SP), Six Minutes (2005, 15', video), Pummelo (with Aseel Mansour, 2008, 29', DigiBeta), SMS (2008, 17', video).


Abdulrahman, Dawood Mohammed Hassan. Emirati filmmaker. He studied at Dubai Men's College. Short films: Al Bidyah Mosque (2002, 6', Beta SP), Sooner or Later (2003, 1', DV Cam), Faith and Friendship (2003, 18', DV Cam), Innocent Dreams (2004, 6', DV Cam).


Abed, Adel. Emirati filmmaker. Short film: The Soul (2001, 12', Beta SP).


Abi Aad, Serena. Lebanese filmmaker. Short film: The Lullaby (2007, 19').


Abi Khalil, Jad. Lebanese filmmaker. Born in 1973 in Beirut, he studied filmmaking at IESAV in Beirut. Short films: Mediterranean Hereditary Blood Medicines / Les médecines sanguines héréditaires méditerranéennes (1997), Just as My Confessor Told Me / Tel que mon confesseur me l'a rapporté (1999, 21', 35mm), Sorry / Dommage / Rahet ya haram (2002, 17', video). Your Majesty Mr. President (2003, 50'), Thirty (2003, 14').


Abi Samra, Maher. Lebanese filmmaker. Born in 1965 in Beirut, he studied at the Academy of Fine Arts in Beirut. Short films, mostly documentaries: Syndromes of Return / Syndromes de retour (1993), Building on the Waves / Bâtir sur les vagues (with Jérome Allamargot and Aldo Pancari, 1995, 26', 16mm), Hezbollah: Party of Gods / Hezbollah: parti de dieu (1996), Shatila Roundabout / Rond-point Chatila (2004, 51', video), Merely a Smell (2007, 11').


Abi Wardeh, Hady. Lebanese filmmaker. Studied filmmaking at IESAV in Beirut. Short fictional film: Broken Dream / Rêve brisé (2000, 14').


ABID, KASSIM. Iraqi filmmaker. Studied at the Institute of Arts in Baghdad and at VGIK in Moscow. He has lived in the United Kingdom since 1982. In 2003, with Maysoon Pachachi he set up an Independent Film & TV College in Baghdad. He has also taught at the Birzeit University in Palestine. Short films: Amid the Alien Corn / Dans les champs étranges de maïs (1991, 38', 36mm), Naji al-Ali, an Artist with Vision / Naji al-Ali, un artiste visionnaire (1998, 60', Beta SP), Surda Checkpoint (2005, 30', video). Feature-length documentary: Life After the Fall / La vie après la chute / Hatay ma baad al-suqoot (2008, 155', DigiBeta).


ABOU SAMAH , NICOLAS. Lebanese filmmaker. He worked in television. Feature film: Charbel / Charbel (1966, 35mm).


ABOU SEIF, SALAH.* Egyptian filmmaker who directed one Iraqi feature film: The Battle of Al-Qâdissiya / La bataille d'Al-Qâdissiya / al-Qâdissia (1981).


Abou Zeid, Ahmad. Palestinian filmmaker. Short film: Palestine, 52 Years of Occupation / Palestine, 52 ans d'occupation (2000, 10', Beta SP).


Aboubayda, Abdulrahman. Emirati filmmaker. Short film: Careless Driving (2007, 1', Mini DV).


Aboujarad, Mohamed. Jordanian filmmaker and member of the Amman Filmmakers Cooperative. He studied at Yarmouk University and works as a computer network administrator. Short film: What a Job / Quel boulot (with Hazim Bitar and Omar Saleh, 2006, 7', DV Cam).


Aboulhosn, Zeina. Lebanese filmmaker. Documentaries: Zeid's Little Bomb (2006, 5'), Staying Alive (2006, 8'), I Remember Lebanon (2006, 6').


Abousaif, Sajeda. Jordanian filmmaker and member of the Amman Filmmakers Cooperative. She studied Islamic jurisprudence and works as a teacher. Short films: Free to Fly (with Alabbas Sa'ed, 2006, 6'), Emergency (2007).


Abu al-Ala, Amjad. Emirati filmmaker. He studied mass communication at UAE University and subsequently worked in television. Student films: In the End of the Fall (2001, 8', Beta SP), The Slump on Cannes Roads (2003, 14', Beta SP), On the Pavement of the Soul (2004, 31', DV Cam). Short fictional films: Coffee and Orange (2005, 19', Mini DV), Feather of the Birds (2006, 32', Mini DV).


Abu Ali, Khadija. Palestinian filmmaker. Wife of Mustafa Abu Ali. Documentaries: Children, but ... / Des enfants, mais ... / Atfal, wa lakin (1981, 23', 16mm), Women for Palestine / Nisaa'on min Filastin (1982).


Abu Ali, Mustafa. Jordanian filmmaker. Husband of Khadija Abu Ali. Founder of the Palestine Film Organisation. Many of his early films were made collectively under his leadership. Short films: The Palestinians' Right / Le droit palestinien / al-Hak al-falastini (1969, 8'), Reportage / Ribottâj (1969), No to the Defeatist Solution / Non à la solution défaitiste / Lâ li-l hall es-simy (collective, 1969, 20', 16mm), With Our Souls, with Our Blood a.k.a. With Blood and Spirit / De toute mon âme et avec mon sang / Bi al-ruh, bi al-dam (collective, 1971), Fatah Land / Le Fathahland / al-Arqoub (1972, 25', 16mm), Zionist Aggression / Agression sioniste / 'Adwan sahyuni (1972, 22', 16mm), The Achilles Heel / al-Arqub (1972), Scenes from the Occupation of Gaza / Scènes d'occupation à Gaza / Mashahid min al-ihtilal fi Ghazeh (1973), Palestinian Newsreels 1 & 2 / Actualités Palestiniennes 1 & 2 / Jarida filistin eththawra-l-muçawara (1974), They Do Not Exist / Ils n'existent pas / Laysa lahum wujud (1974, 26', 16mm), On the Road to Victory / Le chemin de la victoire / Tariq al-nasr (1975, 15', 16mm), Tel al-Za'tar (with Jean Chamoun and Pino Adriano, 1977), Palestine in the Eye / Filastin fi al-'ayn (1977).


Abu Alwan, Amani. Lebanese filmmaker. Born in 1977 in Beirut, she studied at IESAV, then worked in the theatre and for television as a sound engineer, assistant director, and editor. Documentary: Zanzoun (2000, 21', Beta SP).


ABU ASSAD, HANY. Palestinian filmmaker. Born in 1961 in Nazareth, he worked initially as an aeronautical engineer in the Netherlands, where he subsequently trained as a cameraman. On his return to Palestine, he worked as a television producer, turning to cinema to collaborate with Rashid Masharawi. He worked as assistant on the latter's documentary, House, Houses (1991), then produced Long Days in Gaza (1991) and Masharawi's first feature, Curfew (1993). Abu Assad began his own directing career in 1991, with the short documentary To Whom It May Concern (1991, 15'), followed by two fictional shorts, including A Paper House / Une maison en papier / Bayt min waraq (1992, 28', 16mm). His documentaries include Sanctuary / Sanctuaire / Taht al-mahjar (2000), Nazareth 2000 / Nasseriyya 2000 (2001, 55'). His first feature was a Dutch-language comedy romance. Feature films: The Fourteenth Chick / Le quatorzième poussin / Het veertiende kippetje (1998, 88'), Ford Transit (2002, 81', documentary), Rana's Wedding / Le mariage de Rana / Urs Rana (2002, 90', 35mm), Paradise Now / al-Jinna alaam (2005, 90', 35mm).


Abu Dayyeh, Mohamed. Palestinian filmmaker. Short film: My Dad Is Late / Mon père est en retard / Ta'akhar abi (2003).


Abu Diqqa, Wael. Palestinian filmmaker. Short films: Exile / L'exile / al-Ghyrba (1998), Checkpoints / Points de contrôle / al-Hawajiz (2000).


Abu Ghoush, Dima. Palestinian filmmaker. Shorts: At the Checkpoint / Au point de contrôle (2004), Good Morning, Qalqiliya / Bonjour, Qaqiliya / Sabah al-khayr Qalqiliya (2004, 26', video), My Palestine (2007, 10').


Abu Goumazah, Khalid Mahmoud. Emirati filmmaker. He studied at the American University of Sharjah. Short film: Choose Your Path (with Joud Odeh, 2007, 1', Mini DV).


Abu Haidar, Lamia. Lebanese filmmaker. Debut documentary: Lost Childhood / Enfance perdue (with Maria Ousseimi, 1992, 40', 16mm).


Abu Hanna, Umayya. Palestinian filmmaker. Born in 1961 in Haifa, Israel, where she was educated, she moved in 1981 to Helsinki, where she studied radio and television journalism. She has worked as a radio and television reporter in Finland. Documentary: My Homeland (1993).


Abu Hmud, Saed. Palestinian filmmaker. Short film: Second Halftime (2005).


Abu Nawas, Shamma. Emirati filmmaker. She studied communication technology at Dubai Women's College. Short film: I'm a Man / Ana rajol (with Sahar al-Khatib, 2006, 19', Mini DV).


Abu Rish, Darwish. Palestinian filmmaker. Short film: The Man from Haifa / L'homme de Haïfa / Haifawi (1999).


(Continues...)

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Table of Contents

Acknowledgments
Note on Layout
List of Acronyms

Introduction: Filmmaking in Divided Lands
Part 1. Dictionary of Filmmakers
Part 2. Feature-Film Chronologies
Part 3. Index of Feature-Film Titles

Bibliography

What People are Saying About This

C. Hendershott

This title is broader than Rebecca Hillauer's 'Encyclopedia of Arab Women Filmmakers' (CH, Jul'06, 43-6241) and complements the' Companion Encyclopedia of Middle Eastern and North African Film', edited by Oliver Leaman (CH, Mar'02, 39-3694). It focuses on Arab filmmakers, so its scope is narrower, topically and geographically, than the Leaman volume. However, this title by Armes (emer., Middlesex Univ., UK) has unique merits: its in-depth coverage of filmmakers (250-plus feature filmmakers and 900 short film and documentary filmmakers); its feature film chronologies for Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Palestine, Syria, Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, and Yemen; and its valuable opening essay, 'Filmmaking in Divided Lands.' This essay contextualizes Arab Middle Eastern cinema by reviewing the effect of political developments in the Middle East on cinema in the region. Most importantly, Armes relies heavily on foreign-language sources, especially French ones, so much of the data available in this volume has not previously appeared in English. Armes is a well-established author with a long history in cinema studies (e.g., 'African Filmmaking', CH, Sep'07, 45-0178), and a current specialty in the cinemas of Africa and the Middle East. Given the breadth of sources, depth of subject coverage, and excellence of the author, this volume is a necessary purchase for academic and large public libraries. Summing Up: Essential. Lower-level undergraduates and above; general readers. — Choice

C. Hendershott]]>

This title is broader than Rebecca Hillauer's 'Encyclopedia of Arab Women Filmmakers' (CH, Jul'06, 43-6241) and complements the' Companion Encyclopedia of Middle Eastern and North African Film', edited by Oliver Leaman (CH, Mar'02, 39-3694). It focuses on Arab filmmakers, so its scope is narrower, topically and geographically, than the Leaman volume. However, this title by Armes (emer., Middlesex Univ., UK) has unique merits: its in-depth coverage of filmmakers (250-plus feature filmmakers and 900 short film and documentary filmmakers); its feature film chronologies for Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Palestine, Syria, Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, and Yemen; and its valuable opening essay, 'Filmmaking in Divided Lands.' This essay contextualizes Arab Middle Eastern cinema by reviewing the effect of political developments in the Middle East on cinema in the region. Most importantly, Armes relies heavily on foreign-language sources, especially French ones, so much of the data available in this volume has not previously appeared in English. Armes is a well-established author with a long history in cinema studies (e.g., 'African Filmmaking', CH, Sep'07, 45-0178), and a current specialty in the cinemas of Africa and the Middle East. Given the breadth of sources, depth of subject coverage, and excellence of the author, this volume is a necessary purchase for academic and large public libraries. Summing Up: Essential. Lower-level undergraduates and above; general readers. — Choice

Black Film Center/Archive, Indiana University - Michael T. Martin

Constitutes a 'counter-reading' of received views and assumptions about the absence of Arab cinema in the Middle East.

American University in Cairo - Kevin Dwyer

Essential for libraries and useful for individual readers who will find essays on subjects rarely treated in English.

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