Ever since the events of 9/11, great attention has been paid to Arab mass media by politicians, experts and jourbanalists around the world. Many have argued that Arab media has been the catalyst for various political and social developments ranging from democracy to political radicalization and from Westernization to Arab and Muslim cultural renaissance. Much of the debate, however, has been too narrowly focused-particularly on the famous TV network al-Jazeera. This leaves the majority of the dynamic Arab media unnoticed. Moreover, the existing scholarly literature on the subject often lacks theoretical and empirical sophistication, and it is these gaps that this book addresses.
Kai Hafez has invited the best scholars on the subject, from around the world, to participate, with the aim of evaluating, revising, and stimulating the academic debate on Arab media. Arab Media: Power and Weakness is comprised of research synopses (comprehensive overviews over the current academic literature and "blind spots" of research in one of the above mentioned fields); original empirical research; and theoretical papers. The result is a comprehensive handbook of up-to date research and scholarship on this important and fast-changing subject, which will be of use to all students and researchers of the contemporary Arab world.
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About the Author
Kai Hafez is Professor at the University of Erfurt, Germany and Senior Associate Fellow, St Anthony's College, Oxford. He is the author of Islam and the West in the Mass Media and Media, Politics and Society in the Middle East.
Table of Contents
Arab Media: Power and Weakness Kai Hafez 1
Chapter 1 Political Opportunity Structures: Effects of Arab Media Marc Lynch 17
Chapter 2 Lack of Influence? Public Opinion and Foreign Policy Making in the Arab World Russell E. Lucas 33
Chapter 3 The Effects of Islamist Media on the Mainstream Press in Egypt Carola Richter 46
Chapter 4 Arab Media Audience Research: Developments and Constraints Hussein Amin 69
Chapter 5 From Activity to Interactivity: The Arab Audience Marwan M. Kraidy 91
Chapter 6 Arab World Media Content Studies: A Meta-Analysis of a Changing Research Agenda Muhammad Ayish 105
Chapter 7 The Political Elites' Dominance over the Visual Space: A Qualitative and Quantitative Content Study of Lebanese Television Katharina Notzold 125
Chapter 8 The Unknown Desire for "Objectivity": Journalism Ethics in Arab (and Western) Journalism Kai Hafez 147
Chapter 9 Agents of Change? Journalism Ethics in Lebanese and Jordanian Journalism Education Judith Pies 165
Chapter 10 Gaps in the Market: Insights from Scholarly Work on Arab Media Economics Naomi Sakr 185
Chapter 11 Orientalism and the Economics of Arab Broadcasting Tourya Guaaybess 199
Media Law and Policy
Chapter 12 Media Policy and Law in Egypt and Jordan: Continuities and Changes Orayb Aref Najjar 217
Chapter 13 Arab Media and Cultural Studies: Rehearsing New Questions Tarik Sabry 237
Chapter 14 Through the Back Door: Syrian Television Makers between Secularism and Islamization Christa Salamandra 252
The Authors 263