Arab Political Demography: Population Growth, Labor Migration and Natalist Policies

Arab Political Demography: Population Growth, Labor Migration and Natalist Policies

by Onn Winckler


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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781845197605
Publisher: Sussex Academic Press
Publication date: 05/01/2017
Edition description: Expanded
Pages: 324
Product dimensions: 6.75(w) x 9.75(h) x 0.80(d)

About the Author

Onn Winckler is Senior Lecturer in the Department of Middle Eastern History at the University of Haifa. He is the author of Demographic Developments and Population Policies in Ba’thist Syria, and co-editor of Modern Syria, as well as the author of a book on Jordanian demographic developments.

Table of Contents

List of Tables, Figures and Charts vii

Preface and Acknowledgments xi

List of Abbreviations xiii

Introduction: The Methodological Framework of Arab Political Demography 1

1 The Emergence of "Poor" and "Rich" Arab States 1

2 The Concept of Political Demography 5

1 Sources for Demographic Research of the Arab States 10

1 An Overview of Demographic Records in the Arab Countries 10

2 Case Studies in the History of Demographic Records 14

3 The "Flickering" Nature of the Saudi Arabian Demographic Data 23

4 The "Missing" Ethno-Religious Composition of the Arab Countries 31

5 The Lacuna of Accurate Employment Data 36

6 The Research Implications of the "Informal (Hidden) Economy" 40

7 Summary and Conclusions 44

2 Beyond Expectations: Arab Population Growth in Retrospect 47

1 Introduction: Worldwide Population Growth in Retrospect 47

2 The Demographic Transition Theory and the Arab Countries 49

3 An Historical Examination of Population Growth in the Arab States 59

4 The Revolution of Mortality Rates in the Arab Countries 81

5 Summary and Conclusions 86

3 "Jobs for the Boys (and Girls)": The Emergence of the Employment Dilemma 90

1 The Consequences of the Young Age Structure 91

2 Arab Employment Developments in Retrospect 110

3 The Increase in Disguised Unemployment and Underemployment 121

4 Unemployment as a Differentiating Factor between the Arab Countries and the Developed Countries 123

5 Summary and Conclusions 126

4 The "New Arab Demographic Order": The Intra-Arab Labor Migration 128

1 The Theoretical Framework of International Labor Migration 128

2 The GCC Development Strategy following the "Oil Boom" 130

3 TheSubsequent Rapid Growth of Foreign Labor 134

4 The Unique Gulf Labor Migration Pattern 142

5 The GCC Labor and Immigration Policies: "From Encouragement through Limitation to Surrender" 147

6 Evaluating the GCC Immigration and Employment Policies 163

7 The Labor Emigration Policy of the Arab Labor-Exporting Countries 166

8 Was it Worth It? The Cost/Benefit Balance of the Intra-Arab Labor Migration for the Labor-Exporting Countries 168

9 Summary and Conclusions 171

5 Between Pro-Natalism and Anti-Natalism in the Arab Countries 173

1 The Attitude toward Population Growth in Historical Perspective 173

2 The Various "Population Policy" Definitions 176

3 An Historical Examination of the Western Natalist Perception until the Mid-Twentieth Century 178

4 An Historical Examination of the Natalist Policies of the Arab Countries 179

5 Evaluation of the Family Planning Programs in the Arab Countries 212

6 "Direct" or "Indirect"? The Contribution of Family Planning Programs to Fertility Decline 215

7 Why Tunisia and Lebanon? 219

8 Summary and Conclusions 220

6 Summary and Conclusions: The Emergence of the "Arab Demographic Catch 22" 222

Appendix I Key Economic Indicators for some Arab Countries, 2005 233

Notes 234

Bibliography 284

Index 317

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