Archaeology, Artifacts and Antiquities of the Ancient Near East follows the evolution of the author’s scholarly work and interests and is divided into several categories of interrelated fields. The first part deals primarily with excavations and associated artifacts, issues in ancient geography and the identification of ancient sites in northwest Iran, the author’s research involving the culture and chronology of the Phrygian capital at Gordion in Anatolia, and the chronology and Iranian cultural relations of a site in the Emirate of Sharjah. Part two is wide-ranging and includes chapters on Aegean and ancient Near Eastern cultural and political interconnections, the role of fibulae in revealing cultural and chronological matters, and the gender-determined usage of parasols and their recognition in excavated contexts. There are also articles specifically concerned with “Plunder Culture” and the forgery of both objects and their alleged proveniences."At 1,088 pages, this volume provides a wonderful sample– chosen by Muscarella himself – of forty papers spanning the author’s career and many interests...This volume is so rich that it contains something for everyone." D.T. Potts, NYU, Bibliotheca Orientalis lxxIII n° 3-4, mei-augustus 2016
About the Author
Oscar White Muscarella Ph.D. (1965), University of Pennsylvania, taught history at The City College of New York (1960-1964) and worked in the Department of Ancient Near Eastern Art at the Metropolitan Museum of Art (1964-2009). He has published over 175 books, articles, and reviews.
Table of Contents
Part 1: Sites and Excavations1. The Tumuli at Sé Girdan: A Preliminary Report 2. The Tumuli at Sé Girdan: Second Report3. The Chronology and Culture of Sé Girdan: Phase III4. Qalatgah: An Urartian Site in Northwestern Iran5. Excavations at Agrab Tepe, Iran6. The Iron Age at Dinkha Tepe, Iran7. Warfare at Hasanlu in the Late 9th Century B.C. 8. The Hasanlu Lion Pins Again9. The Excavation of Hasanlu: An Archaeological Evaluation10. The Iranian Iron III Chronology at Muweilah in the Emirate of Sharjah11. The Location of Ulhu and Uiše in Sargon II’s Eighth Campaign, 714 B.C.12. Surkh Dum at the Metropolitan Museum of Art: A Mini-Report13. Northwest Iran: Bronze Age to Iron Age14. Jiroft and ‘Jiroft – Aratta’15. Sargon II’s Eighth Campaign: An Introduction and Overview16. King Midas’ Tumulus at Gordion17. The Iron Age Background to the Formation of the Phrygian State18. The Date of the Destruction of the Early Phrygian Period at Gordion19. Again Gordion’s Early Phrygian Destruction Date: ca. 715 +/- B.C.20. Urartian Metal Artifacts: An Archaeological ReviewPart 2: Artifacts, Cultures, Forgeries, and Provenience 21. The Archaeological Evidence for Relations between Greece and Iran in the First Millennium B.C.22. Urartian Bells and Samos23. King Midas of Phrygia and the Greeks24. Greek and Oriental Cauldron Attachments: A Review25. Fibulae Represented on Sculpture26. Phrygian or Lydian?27. Fibulae and Chronology, Marlik and Assur28. Parasols in the Ancient Near East29. The Pope and the Bitter Fanatic30. The Antiquities Trade and the Destruction of Ancient Near Eastern Cultures31. The Fifth Column within the Archaeological Realm: The Great Divide32. Bazaar Archaeology33. Excavated in the Bazaar: Ashurbanipal’s Beaker34. Von Bissing’s Memphis Stela: A Product of Cultural Transfer?35. Gudea or Not Gudea in New York and Detroit: Ancient or Modern?36 The Veracity of ‘Scientific’ Testing by Conservators37. ‘Ziwiye’ and Ziwiye: The Forgery of a Provenience38. Median Art and Medizing Scholarship39. Modern Constructions of the Oxus Treasures: Forgeries of Provenience and Ancient Culture40. Excavated and Unexcavated Achaemenian Art