Archaeology of Native North America / Edition 1

Archaeology of Native North America / Edition 1

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Taylor & Francis


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Archaeology of Native North America / Edition 1

This comprehensive text is intended for the junior-senior level course in North American Archaeology. Written by accomplished scholar Dean Snow, this new text approaches native North America from the perspective of evolutionary ecology. Succinct, streamlined chapters present an extensive groundwork for supplementary material, or serve as a core text.The narrative covers all of Mesoamerica, and explicates the links between the part of North America covered by the United States and Canada and the portions covered by Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, and the Greater Antilles. Additionally, book is extensively illustrated with the author's own research and findings.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780136156864
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Publication date: 10/15/2009
Series: MySearchLab Series for Anthropology Series
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 408
Sales rank: 680,813
Product dimensions: 7.90(w) x 9.90(h) x 0.70(d)

About the Author

Dean R. Snow is Professor Emeritus of Anthropology at Penn State University. He is an archaeologist who specializes in ethnohistoric and demographic problems. In recent years his work has led him into Geographic Information Systems (GIS) approaches to these issues. He has conducted research in Mexico and in the northeastern region of North America, where his work on the Iroquois is particularly well known. His current research includes cyberinfrastructure and the development of large GIS databases designed to explore large-scale population movements over time and space. He is also currently researching the sexual dimorphism of human handprints and hand stencils in the Upper Paleolithic caves of France and Spain.

Table of Contents

1. Introduction
Why it Matters
Archaeological Science
Coping with Incomplete Information
The Use and Misuse of Evidence
Mistakes and Fakes
The Difference Between Biological and Cultural Evolution
Basic Concepts for the Study of Cultural Evolution
Ecological Approaches
North America and Human Potential
Geography and Basic Terms
The Special Place of Rock Art
Oral Tradition
Further Reading
2. Eurasian Origins
The Evolution of Modern Humans
Out of Africa
The Expansion of Modern Humans
Lines of Evidence from Living American Indians
Crossing Beringia
Traveling Companions
Archaeological Traces in Siberia
Swan Point
The Nenana Complex
The First Americans
Further Reading
3. The Peopling of America
Was Clovis Culture First?
Dubious Claims for Pre-Clovis Sites
More Likely Claims for Pre-Clovis Sites
The Paleoindian Period
Tracking Paleoindians from Beringia
The Nenana Complex Revisited
The Mesa Site
Accommodating the Monte Verde Site
Sites on the California Coast
Clovis Culture
The Atlantic Alternative
The Great Extinction
Paleoindian Skeletal Evidence
The End of the Paleoindian Period
Further Reading
4. Archaic Adaptations
Holocene Adaptations
The Roots of Domestication
The Luck of Good Location
Humanizing Environments
The Humanized Forest
Consequences for Human Adaptation
Hallmarks in Stone
Major Adaptive Trends in the Holocene
Insights from Ethnography
Managing Mobility
The Magic Number 500 and the Redefinition of Sharing
The Great Basin Laboratory
The Northeastern Archaic
Other Archaic Cultures
Evolving Technology
Centers of Plant Domestication
Further Reading
5. The Moundbuilders
The Environment of the Eastern Woodlands
First Impressions
The Roots of Mound Building in the Eastern Woodlands
Adena Culture
Hopewell Culture
Later Burial Moundbuilders
The Beginnings of Platform Mounds
Further Reading
6. The Greater Southwest
The First Farmers
Language Families
Regional Ecology
Ancestral Pueblo
The Contraction of Greater Southwest Cultures
Later Ancestral Pueblo and Modern Descendants
Arrival of the Athapaskans
Further Reading
7. Mesoamerican Civilization
Mesoamerican Geography
The Consequences of Plant Domestication
Mesoamerican Chronology
The Olmecs
Olmec Polities
Olmec Centers
Highland Mexico
Competing City-States
Maya Civilization
Major Maya City-States
The Maya Collapse
The Mesoamerican Ball Game
The Rest of Mesoamerica
Further Reading
8. Postclassic Mesoamerica
The Postclassic Period
The Toltecs
The Rise of the Aztecs
Aztec Society and Empire
Aztec Religion
Aztec Calendar and Math
Native Books
The Aztec Imperial Economy
The End of Native Empires
The Rest of Mexico
The Postclassic Maya
Highland Central America
Further Reading
9. The Mississippians
Mississippians and Mesoamericans
The Rise of Maize Farming
Middle Mississippian
South Appalachian Mississippian
Plaquemine Mississippian
Caddoan Mississippian Societies
Further Reading
10. The Northeastern Forests
The Rise of Farming Cultures in the Northern Woodlands
The Descendants of Hopewell
The Algonquian Expansion
Wild Rice Gathering
Algonquian Rock Art
Later Eastern Algonqians
Northern Iroquoians
The Formation of Confederacies
The Workings of the League of the Iroquois
Demographic Change and Adaptation
The Central Algonquians and Siouans
Other Northerners and Other Adjustments
Epidemics and Depopulation
Further Reading
11. The Gulf Rim
The Gulf Environment
Early Mound Building
Troyville-Coles Creek Culture
Weeden Island, Fort Walton, and Safety Harbor Cultures
Southern Florida
The Northern Gulf Coast
The Antilles
The Mexican Gulf Coast
Further Reading
12. The Interior West
The Great Plains
Northern Plains Hunter-Gatherers
Southern Plains Hunter-Gatherers
Plains Woodland Cultures
Plains Village Cultures
The Great Basin
The Plateau
The Horse Nomads
Further Reading
13. The West Coast
The Northwest Coast
Historic Northwest Coast Cultures
The Roots of Northwest Coast Culture
Southern Northwest Coast
The Man Called Ishi
Baja California
Further Reading
14. The Arctic and Subarctic
The Arctic Environment
Arctic Stage 1: The Earliest Evidence
Arctic Stage 2: Finding Solutions
Arctic Stage 3: The Arctic Small Tool Tradition
Arctic Stage 4: Kachemak, Choris, Norton, Ipiutak, Dorset, and Old Bering Sea
Arctic Stage 5: Thule Culture
The Norse
The Subarctic
Further Reading
15. Worlds in Collision
The Columbian Exchange
American Indian Populations
The Development of Archaeology
The Rise of Professional Archaeology
Archaeology and American Indians
The Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act
Further Reading


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