In The Uses of Argument (1958), Stephen Toulmin proposed a model for the layout of arguments: claim, data, warrant, qualifier, rebuttal, backing. Since then, Toulmin’s model has been appropriated, adapted and extended by researchers in speech communications, philosophy and artificial intelligence. This book assembles the best contemporary reflection in these fields, extending or challenging Toulmin’s ideas in ways that make fresh contributions to the theory of analysing and evaluating arguments.
Table of ContentsAcknowledgements.
1. Introduction; David Hitchcock and Bart Verheij.
2. Reasoning in Theory and Practice; Stephen E. Toulmin.
3. A Citation-Based Reflection on Toulmin and Argument; Ronald P. Loui.
4. Complex Cases and Legitimation Inferences: Extending the Toulmin Model to Deliberative Argument in Controversy; G. Thomas Goodnight.
5. A Metamathematical Extension of the Toulmin Agenda; Mark Weinstein.
6. Toulmin’s Model of Argument and the Question of Relativism; Lilian Bermejo-Luque.
7. Systematizing Toulmin’s Warrants: An Epistemic Approach; James B. Freeman.
8. Warranting Arguments, the Virtue of Verb; James F. Klumpp.
9. Evaluating Inferences: The Nature and Role of Warrants; Robert C. Pinto.
10. ‘Probably’; Robert H. Ennis.
11. The Voice of the Other: A Dialogico-Rhetorical Understanding of Opponent and Toulmin’s Rebuttal; Wouter Slob.
12. Evaluating Arguments Based on Toulmin Scheme; Bart Verheij.
13. Good Reasoning on the Toulmin Model; David Hitchcock.
14. The Fluidity of Warrants: Using the Toulmin Model to Analyse Practical Discourse; Olaf Tans.
15. Artificial Intelligence and Law, Logic and Argument Schemes; Henry Prakken.
16. Multiple Warrants in Practical Reasoning; Christian Kock.
17. The Quest for Rationalism without Dogmas in Leibniz and Toulmin; Txetxu Ausín.
18. From Arguments to Decisions: Extending the Toulmin View; John Fox and Sanjay Modgil.
19. Using Toulmin Argumentation toSupport Dispute Settlement in Discretionary Domains; John Zeleznikow.
20. Toulmin’s Model and The Solving of Ill-Structured Problems; James F. Voss.
21. Arguing by Question: A Toulminian Reading of Cicero’s Account of the Enthymeme; Manfred Kraus.
22. The Uses of Argument in Mathematics; Andrew Aberdein.
23. Translating Toulmin Diagrams: Theory Neutrality in Argument Representation; Chris Reed and Glenn Rowe.
24. The Toulmin Test: Framing Argumentation within Belief Revision Theories; Fabio Paglieri and Cristiano Castelfranchi.
25. Eight Theses Reflecting on Stephen Toulmin; John Woods.
Contributors. References. Index.