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University of Utah Press
Armenians and the Allies in Cilicia, 1914-1923

Armenians and the Allies in Cilicia, 1914-1923

by Yucel GucluYucel Guclu


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In the midst of World War I, the Ottoman government forcibly removed most of its Armenian citizens from their eastern Anatolian lands. While recognizing the controversy and tragedy of the events of 1915 that led to the death of hundreds of thousands of Armenians, author Yücel Güçlü refrains from accepting the genocidal label that other scholars have assigned the calamity.

The author bases his claim largely on evidence from state and military archives in Turkey, Britain, and the United States that look specifically into the Ottoman version of history, placing the whole question of genocide in a wider perspective. According to Güçlü, revolutionary Armenian forces were threatening the Ottoman Empire from within as it was simultaneously threatened by external forces, and Armenians were actively involved with Allied forces throughout World War I. In response, the Ottoman government ordered the "relocation" of the Armenian population away from protected and sensitive war zones.

This book discusses the Armenian revolutionary and separatist movements, Turkish measures of self defense, and Allied schemes regarding the region during the period. It places special emphasis on the influence of Allied forces on the actions of Armenians in Cilicia.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780874809565
Publisher: University of Utah Press
Publication date: 06/30/2009
Series: Utah Series in Turkish and Islamic Stud Series
Edition description: 1st Edition
Pages: 296
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.70(d)
Age Range: 18 Years

About the Author

Yücel Güçlü is first counselor of the Turkish Embassy in Washington D.C.

Table of Contents

Maps vii

Introduction 1

1 Current Political Implications of the Armenian Question 9

2 Geopolitical Overview of Cilicia 19

3 Armenians in Cilicia before the First World War 30

4 Allied Landing Schemes on Cilicia and Armenian Subversion 51

5 Measures of Self-Defense and Relocations 78

6 Attempts at Including Cilicia in the Proposed Armenian State 102

7 The Ankara Agreement of 20 October 1921 and Its Aftermath 140

8 The Lausanne Peace Conference of 20 November 1922 to 24 July 1923 163

Conclusion 189

Appendix 1 Report dealing with the Armenian question read at the conference of the Committee of Union and Progress held at Istanbul on 29-30 September 1916 201

Appendix 2 Memorandum handed on 18 January 1919 to the high commissioners of the Allied powers and the high commissioner of the United States of America 207

Appendix 3 Proclamation of General Henri Gouraud of 9 November 1921 211

Appendix 4 Proclamation of Henri Franklin-Bouillon, Muhittin Pasa, and Hamit Bey of 1 December 1921 213

Appendix 5 Proclamation of Mustafa Kemal Pasa of 5 December 1921 215

Notes 217

Bibliography 253

Index 273

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