Arnold of Brescia (ca 1100-1155), exiled twice and finally martyred, takes us into the student world of Paris during the blossoming of the twelfth-century Renaissance, through an infamous heresy trial, to teaching in Paris, then Zurich, and into Rome where he was the spiritual leader of the city for almost a decade. Arnold believed the church should be separate from civil government. He supported the revived Roman Senate and the Roman people who were foremost among the many who loved and admired him.
An Augustinian canon regular, Arnold made the authorities, ecclesiastical and imperial, tremble. He was a brilliant scholar of Latin literature and Scripturea combination that made him both sane and formidable. He was first a student and later a colleague of the great Peter Abelarda champion of reason. Their independence brought them into conflict with Bernard of Clairvaux, relentless defender of the status quo in society and theology.
Arnold vigorously supported the democratic commune movement as cities struggled for independence from episcopal control during the twelfth century. A man of learning and action, he challenged the medieval synthesis by which popes and emperors exercised authority.
|Publisher:||Wipf & Stock Publishers|
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About the Author
Phillip D. Johnson is editor emeritus of Pietisten, an ecumenical journal that draws inspiration from the heritage of Lutheran, Wesleyan, and Moravian Pietism. He has been a pastor, teacher, president of a motel company, and psychologist. He writes regularly in Pietisten, and is the author of Funny Stuff in the Bible. He received his MDiv degree at Andover-Newton Theological School, his MTh in church history at Luther Seminary, and his MA in counseling at Saint Mary's University of Minnesota. He lives in Minneapolis, Minnesota.
Table of Contents
Foreword Paul R. Sponheim ix
List of Illustrations xiv
1 Lay of the Land 1
2 Studying with Peter Abelard 25
3 The Community of San Pietro and the Commune of Brescia 43
4 On the Move 61
5 Pastor of the Republic of Rome 84
6 Martyr 114