Between the two world wars, middle-class America experienced a "marriage crisis" that filled the pages of the popular press. Divorce rates were rising, birthrates falling, and women were entering the increasingly industrialized and urbanized workforce in larger numbers than ever before, while Victorian morals and manners began to break down in the wake of the first sexual revolution.
Vivien Green Fryd argues that this crisis played a crucial role in the lives and works of two of America's most familiar and beloved artists, Georgia O'Keeffe (1887-1986) and Edward Hopper (1882-1967). Combining biographical study of their marriages with formal and iconographical analysis of their works, Fryd shows how both artists expressed the pleasures and perils of their relationships in their paintings. Hopper's many representations of Victorian homes in sunny, tranquil landscapes, for instance, take on new meanings when viewed in the context of the artist's own tumultuous marriage with Jo and the widespread middle-class fears that the new urban, multidwelling homes would contribute to the breakdown of the family. Fryd also persuasively interprets the many paintings of skulls and crosses that O'Keeffe produced in New Mexico as embodying themes of death and rebirth in response to her husband Alfred Stieglitz's long-term affair with Dorothy Norman.
Art and the Crisis of Marriage provides both a penetrating reappraisal of the interconnections between Georgia O'Keeffe's and Edward Hopper's lives and works, as well as a vivid portrait of how new understandings of family, gender, and sexuality transformed American society between the wars in ways that continue to shape it today.
|Publisher:||University of Chicago Press|
|Product dimensions:||7.00(w) x 10.00(h) x 1.00(d)|
About the Author
Vivien Green Fryd is an associate professor of art history and American studies at Vanderbilt University. She is the author of Art and Empire: The Politics of Ethnicity in the U.S. Capitol, 1815-1860.
Table of Contents
List of Illustrations
PART I - MARITAL DYNAMICS
1. The Making of the Modern Marriage
2. Two Marriages: Edward and Josephine Nivison Hopper, and Georgia O'Keeffe and Alfred Stieglitz
PART II - EDWARD HOPPER
3. The Home, the Hotel, the Road, and the Automobile
4. Shifting Power Dynamics and Sexuality: Edward Hopper's Girlie Show and Office at Night
PART III - GEORGIA O'KEEFFE
5. The Sexualization of Georgia O'Keeffe As Woman and Artist
6. Georgia O'Keeffe's Radiator Building: Gender, Sexuality, and Urban Imagery
PART IV - CONCLUSION