ISBN-10:
1780760361
ISBN-13:
9781780760360
Pub. Date:
Publisher:
Art in the Service of Colonialism: French Art Education in Morocco 1912-1956

Art in the Service of Colonialism: French Art Education in Morocco 1912-1956

by Hamid Irbouh

Paperback(Revised)

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Overview

In the Moroccan French Protectorate (1912-1956), the French established vocational and fine art schools, imposed modern systems of industrial production and pedagogy and reinvented old traditions. Hamid Irbouh argues that the French used this systematic modernisation of local arts and crafts regulation to impose their control. He looks in particular at the role and place of women in the structures of art production and education created by the French- that transformed and dominated Moroccan society during the colonial period. French women infiltrated the Moroccan milieu, to buttress colonial ideology, yet at critical moments, Moroccan women rejected traditional roles and sabotaged colonial plans. Meanwhile, the contradictions between reformist goals and the old order added to social dislocations and led to rebellion against French hegemony. Irbouh examines and analyses these processes and demonstrates how Moroccan artists have struggled to exorcise French influences and rediscover an authentic visual culture since decolonisation. This book reveals that the weight of colonial history continues to weigh heavily on artistic practice and production.


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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781780760360
Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic
Publication date: 04/15/2013
Series: International Library of Colonial History
Edition description: Revised
Pages: 296
Product dimensions: 8.40(w) x 5.40(h) x 1.00(d)

About the Author

Hamid Irbouh received his D.Phil from the Department of History and Theory of Art and Architecture at the State University of New York, Binghamton. He has contributed essays to several books and jourbanals and lives in upstate New York.

Table of Contents

List of Illustrations
• Acknowledgements
• INTRODUCTION
• The Establishment of French Colonial Hegemony Over Morocco
• Contemporary Moroccan Scholarship on Moroccan Art Production
• French Colonial Art Education in Morocco
• Book Outline
• CLASSIFICATIONS AND ASSOCIATIONS
• Framing Morocco's Crafts
• French Colonial Analysis of Moroccan Crafts
• Lyautey's Native Policy and Flexible Approach
• Pre-Colonial Moroccan Guilds
• Master Craftsmen, Apprentices, Craft Learning, and Surveillance
• 'High' and 'Low' Crafts
• DIFFUSING COLONIAL ORDER
• The Protectorate's Initial Attempt at Reforming the Moroccan Guilds
• Georges Hardy's Gentle Way of Control
• The Grand Vizier and the Moroccan Artefacts
• Colonial Assistance
• DESIGN AND PROCESS OF COLONIAL EDUCATION
• Colonial Mass Education
• Theoretical Framework of Colonial Mass Education
• Training a Service Labour Class in the Moroccan Protectorate
• VOCATIONAL SCHOOLS FOR MEN AND THE FRENCH INFILTRATION OF MOROCCO'S TRADITIONAL INDUSTRY
• A Labour Force Loyal to the Protectorate: The Marrakesh Case
• Adapting Education to Industry in the Pilot Workshop in Fez
• Educating a New Bureaucracy
• A Moroccan Alternative
• WOMEN'S VOCATIONAL SCHOOLS
• The French Organize the Feminine Milieu
• The Covert Purpose of Women's Vocational Schools
• The Class Base of Craft Education
• Women's Craft Training in Pre-Protectorate Morocco
• A Subtle Infiltration
• The Practical Utility
• A Dialectical Prism of Colonialism and the Rabat School
• The Maison and Dar 'Adiyal: Two Schools in Fez
• ORIGINALITY, DRAWING, AND COLONIAL EXPLOITATION
• Vocational Training and Patriotism in France
• French Definition of Arts and Crafts in Europe
• 'Raphael versus the Cube'
• The Means to Visual Training
• The Formation of Patriotic Skilled Workers
• DRAWING AS AN APPARATUS OF EXPLOITATION
• Cultivating the Moroccans' Inclination for Craft
• The Formation of the Teaching Personnel
• Museums, Exhibitions, and the Arrival of Moroccan Craft on the International Scene
• The Protectorate's Vocational Education System Revisited
• THE OPEN WORKSHOPS AND THE CASABLANCA SCHOOL OF FINE ARTS
• Simone Gruner Cultivates the Natural Talents of Moroccan Children
• Jaqueline Brodskis Assimilates Moroccans to Western Art
• The Casablanca School of Fine Arts
• BY WAY OF CONCLUSION
• The Populists
• The Nativists
• The Bipictorialists
• Notes
• Bibliography
• Index

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