Articulating Citizenship: Civic Education and Student Politics in Southeastern China, 1912-1940 available in Hardcover
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At the genesis of the Republic of China in 1912, many political leaders, educators, and social reformers argued that republican education should transform China's people into dynamic modern citizenssocial and political agents whose public actions would rescue the national community. Over subsequent decades, however, they came to argue fiercely over the contents of citizenship and how it should be taught. Moreover, many of their carefully crafted policies and programs came to be transformed by textbook authors, teachers, administrators, and students. Furthermore, the idea of citizenship, once introduced, raised many troubling questions. Who belonged to the national community in China, and how was the nation constituted? What were the best modes of political action? How should modern people take responsibility for "public matters"? What morality was proper for the modern public?
This book reconstructs civic education and citizenship training in secondary schools in the lower Yangzi region during the Republican era. It also analyzes how students used the tools of civic education introduced in their schools to make themselves into young citizens and explores the complex social and political effects of educated youths' civic action.
About the Author
Robert Culp is Associate Professor of History at Bard College.
Table of Contents
Tables, Map, and Fibres xv
The Ideological Infrastructure of Citizenship: Schools and Publishing 19
Nation as Race, Culture, or Place? The National Community in History and Geography Textbooks 55
Practicing Politics: Student Self-government and Civic Republicanism 97
Cultural Revolution and the Social Organism 131
Tempering Bodies, Molding Moral Characters: Training, Cultivation, and Cultural Citizenship 163
From Mobilization to Routinization: Transformations of Civic Ritual and Performative Citizenship 209
Enacting Citizenship: Youth Activism and National Politics 242
Conclusion: The Trajectory of Modern Chinese Citizenship 277
A Statistical Portrait of Lower Yangzi Region Secondary Schools and Students During the Republican Period 303
Capsule Biographies of Selected Textbook Authors 305
Bibliographic Essay 313
Works Cited 325