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Updated fully in its Second Edition, Articulatory and Phonological Impairments provides students with a clinical framework that encompasses basic terms and concepts, phonetic transcription, and several theoretical perspectives and extensively applies them to clinical examples.
This text demonstrates to students a systematic transition from a knowledge base in clinical practice to the diagnosis and treatment of individuals with articulatory/ phonological disorders. While this text offers a thorough discussion of phonetic principles (also known as the traditional or motor approach) applied to the diagnosis and treatment of motor-based disorders, emphasis is placed on phonemic approaches. Case studies are used to demonstrate a step-by-step process of multiple assessment strategies focusing on phonetic and phonemic analyses and clinical case study exercises provided throughout the text demonstrate different types of phonemic analyses and how they lead to therapeutic decision-making. Contemporary issues such as features of a phonological assessment, various phonemic-based therapies, and newer nonlinear/ multi-linear phonologies and their role in the assessment and intervention process are treated in detail.
New to this Edition:
- Extensive revision of chapter 3 to reflect the newer transcription systems offered by the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) and the Extensions to the IPA (extIPA).
- In Chapter 4, the section on multilinear approaches has been extended to include optimality theory and its clinical applications.
- Updates throughout of new information discovered since the First Edition.
Table of Contents
All chapters include a "Chapter Outline," "Summary," and "References."
1. Clinical Framework: Basic Terms and Concepts.
Articulation and Articulation Disorders.
Phonetics and Its Relationship to Articulation Disorders.
Speech Sounds versus Phonemes: Clinical Application.
Phonology and Phonological Disorders.
Phonetics versus Phonology: Form and Function.
Articulation Disorders and Phonological Disorders.
2. Articulatory Phonetics: Speech Sound Form.
Vowels versus Consonants.
Sounds in Context: Coarticulation and Assimilation.
3. Phonetics Transcription and Diacritics.
Phonetic Transcription as a Notational System.
Why Use Phonetic Transcription?
4. Theoretical Considerations.
Distinctive Feature Theories.
Linear versus Nonlinear Phonologies.
5. Normal Phonological Development.
Aspects of Structural and Functional Development.
Aspects of Perceptual Development.
Prelinguistic Stages: Before the First Word.
Transition from Babbling to First Words.
The First Fifty Words.
The Preschool Child.
The School-Age Child.
6. Appraisal: Collection of Data.
Evaluation by the Clinician.
Spontaneous Speech Sample.
Evaluation of the Speech Mechanism.
Selection of Additional Assessment Measures.
Summary of the Data.
7. Diagnosis: Phonetic versus Phonemic Emphasis.
Preliminary Analysis: Inventory and Distribution of Speech Sounds.
Decision-Making: Primarily PhoneticEmphasis.
Decision-Making: Primarily Phonemic Emphasis.
Measures of Severity and Intelligibility.
8. Therapy for Phonetic Errors.
Decision Making: When to Use a Phonetic Approach.
Individual Sound Errors.
Misarticulations of: s-sounds, sh-sounds, k- and g-sounds, l-sounds, r-sounds including central vowels with r-coloring, th-sounds.
Other Sound Errors.
Voicing Problems, Misarticulations of f- and v-Sounds, Affricates, and Consonant Clusters.
9. Treatment of Phonemic Errors.
Minimal Pair Contrast Therapies.
Phonemic Disorders with Concurrent Language Problems.
The Child with an Emerging Phonological System.
Treatment of Multiple Vowel Errors.
10. Articulatory/Phonological Disorders in Selected Populations.
Development Apraxia of Speech: A Disorder of Speech motor Control.
Motor Speech Disorders: Cerebral Palsy.
Clefting: Cleft Palate and Cleft Lip.
Motor Speech Disorders: Acquired Apraxia of Speech.
Motor Speech Disorders: The Dysarthrias.