Asian American Political Participation: Emerging Constituents and Their Political Identities

Asian American Political Participation: Emerging Constituents and Their Political Identities

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Overview

Asian American Political Participation: Emerging Constituents and Their Political Identities by Janelle S. Wong, S. Karthick Ramakrishnan, Taeku Lee, Jane Junn

Asian Americans are a small percentage of the U.S. population, but their numbers are steadily rising—from less than a million in 1960 to more than 15 million today. They are also a remarkably diverse population—representing several ethnicities, religions, and languages—and they enjoy higher levels of education and income than any other U.S. racial group. Historically, socioeconomic status has been a reliable predictor of political behavior. So why has this fast-growing American population, which is doing so well economically, been so little engaged in the U.S. political system? Asian American Political Participation is the most comprehensive study to date of Asian American political behavior, including such key measures as voting, political donations, community organizing, and political protests. The book examines why some groups participate while others do not, why certain civic activities are deemed preferable to others, and why Asian socioeconomic advantage has so far not led to increased political clout. Asian American Political Participation is based on data from the authors’ groundbreaking 2008 National Asian American Survey of more than 5,000 Chinese, Indian, Vietnamese, Korean, Filipino, and Japanese Americans. The book shows that the motivations for and impediments to political participation are as diverse as the Asian American population. For example, native-born Asians have higher rates of political participation than their immigrant counterparts, particularly recent adult arrivals who were socialized outside of the United States. Protest activity is the exception, which tends to be higher among immigrants who maintain connections abroad and who engaged in such activity in their country of origin. Surprisingly, factors such as living in a new immigrant destination or in a city with an Asian American elected official do not seem to motivate political behavior—neither does ethnic group solidarity. Instead, hate crimes and racial victimization are the factors that most motivate Asian Americans to participate politically. Involvement in non-political activities such as civic and religious groups also bolsters political participation. Even among Asian groups, socioeconomic advantage does not necessarily translate into high levels of political participation. Chinese Americans, for example, have significantly higher levels of educational attainment than Japanese Americans, but Japanese Americans are far more likely to vote and make political contributions. And Vietnamese Americans, with the lowest levels of education and income, vote and engage in protest politics more than any other group. Lawmakers tend to favor the interests of groups who actively engage the political system, and groups who do not participate at high levels are likely to suffer political consequences in the future. Asian American Political Participation demonstrates that understanding Asian political behavior today can have significant repercussions for Asian American political influence tomorrow.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781610447553
Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation
Publication date: 10/01/2011
Sold by: Barnes & Noble
Format: NOOK Book
Pages: 392
File size: 4 MB

About the Author

JANELLE WONG is associate professor of political science and American studies and ethnicity at the University of Southern California and director of the Institute of Public Service at Seattle University. S. KARTHICK RAMAKRISHNAN is associate professor of political science at the University of California, Riverside. TAEKU LEE is professor of political science and law at the University of California, Berkeley. JANE JUNN is professor of political science at the University of Southern California.

Table of Contents

Contents About the Authors Acknowledgments Chapter 1. Making Visible: Political Participation Chapter 2. Settling In: Immigrant Adaptation Chapter 3. Political Geography Chapter 4. Democrat, Republican, or None of the Above? Chapter 5. National Origin, Pan-Ethnicity, and Racial Identity Chapter 6. Civic Engagement: Secular and Religious Organizations Chapter 7. Making Sense of the Whole Chapter 8. Activists and the Future of Asian American Political Participation Appendix A. Conceptualizing Race and National Origin Appendix B. Survey Instrument Appendix C. Additional Bivariate Tables Appendix D. Multivariate Models of Participation Appendix E. Stages of Participation Appendix F. Survey Design Notes References Index

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