ISBN-10:
0205457274
ISBN-13:
9780205457274
Pub. Date:
03/29/2005
Publisher:
Allyn & Bacon, Inc.
Assessment of Student Achievement / Edition 8

Assessment of Student Achievement / Edition 8

by Norman E. Gronlund

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780205457274
Publisher: Allyn & Bacon, Inc.
Publication date: 03/29/2005
Edition description: Older Edition
Pages: 232
Product dimensions: 5.96(w) x 8.92(h) x 0.64(d)

Table of Contents

Preface     v
Achievement Assessment and Instruction     1
Relation Between Instruction and Assessment     3
Assessment in the Instructional Process     4
Other Ways Assessments Can Aid Learning     10
Teachers' Standards for Student Assessment     12
Summary of Points     13
References and Additional Reading     14
Nature of Student Assessment     15
Major Types of Assessment Methods     16
Guidelines for Effective Student Assessment     19
Norm-Referenced and Criterion-Referenced Assessment     24
Summary of Points     27
References and Additional Reading     27
Planning for Assessment     29
Using Taxonomies as a Guide     30
Role of Instructional Objectives     34
Preparing for Assessment     38
Types of Assessment Procedures     38
Validity and Reliability in Assessment Planning     40
Summary of Points     43
References and Additional Reading     44
Validity and Reliability     45
Validity     46
Reliability     58
Summary of Points     67
References and AdditionalReading     68
Preparing and Using Achievement Tests     69
Specifying the Instructional Objectives     70
Preparing the Test Specifications     72
Considerations in Constructing Relevant Test Items     75
General Guidelines for Item Writing     81
Arranging the Items in the Test     83
Preparing Directions     83
Administering and Scoring the Test     85
Analyzing the Effectiveness of Test Items     85
Summary of Points     89
References and Additional Reading     90
Writing Selection Items: Multiple Choice     91
Nature of Multiple-Choice Items     92
Rules for Writing Multiple-Choice Items     93
Summary of Points     107
References and Additional Reading     108
Writing Selection Items: True-False, Matching, and Interpretive Exercise     109
True-False Items     110
Matching Items     116
The Interpretive Exercise     119
Summary of Points     124
References and Additional Reading     125
Writing Supply Items: Short Answer and Essay     126
Short-Answer Items     127
Essay Questions      131
Summary of Points     141
References and Additional Reading     141
Performance Assessments     143
Components of Performance Skills     144
Stating Objectives for Performance Assessment     145
Restricted and Extended Performance Tasks     146
Steps in Preparing Performance Assessments     147
Making Performance Assessments More Authentic     168
Summary of Points     169
References and Additional Reading     170
Preparing for Performance Assessments     171
Prepare the Environment     172
Prepare the Student     172
Prepare the Observer     174
Diagnostic Performance Assessments     176
Summary of Points     176
References and Additional Reading     177
Portfolio Assessment     178
Advantages of Using Classroom Portfolios     180
Planning for the Use of Portfolios     180
Evaluating the Portfolio     184
Summary of Points     189
References and Additional Reading     190
Grading and Reporting     191
Selecting the Basis for Grading     192
Combining Data for Grading      197
Electronic Grading     200
Guidelines for Effective and Fair Grading     201
Reporting to Students and Parents     202
Summary of Points     204
References and Additional Reading     205
Interpreting Standardized Achievement Test Scores     206
Features of Standardized Achievement Tests     207
Interpreting Norm-Referenced Scores     208
Criterion-Referenced Interpretation     220
Summary of Points     220
References and Additional Reading     222
Revised Edition of Bloom's Taxonomy of Educational Objectives     223
Glossary     227
Index     229

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