Astromineralogy / Edition 2

Astromineralogy / Edition 2

by Thomas Henning
ISBN-10:
3642132588
ISBN-13:
9783642132582
Pub. Date:
09/21/2010
Publisher:
Springer Berlin Heidelberg

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Overview

Astromineralogy / Edition 2

Astromineralogy deals with the science of gathering mineralogical information from the astronomical spectroscopy of asteroids, comets and dust in the circumstellar environments in general. This field has received a tremendous boost with the reliable identification of minerals by the Infrared Space Observatory. The first edition of this book, published in 2003, was the first comprehensive and coherent account of this exciting field. Data obtained in the meantime with the Spitzer Infrared Space Telescope, the stardust mission to the comet 81P / Wild 2, and with the Cassini mission, together with progress in ground-based observations and laboratory astrophysics form the basis for this updated and widely extended second edition. Beyond addressing the specialist in the field, the book is intended as a high-level but readable introduction to astromineralogy for both the non-specialist researcher and the advanced student.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9783642132582
Publisher: Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Publication date: 09/21/2010
Series: Lecture Notes in Physics , #815
Edition description: 2nd ed. 2010
Pages: 329
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 8.90(h) x 1.00(d)

Table of Contents

From Dust Astrophysics Towards Dust Mineralogy - A Historical Review J. Dorschner 1

1 Astrophysics and Cosmic Mineralogy 2

2 Interstellar Dust on the Way to Astrophysical Topicality 5

3 Heuristic Dust Modelling with Refractory Grains 13

4 Dust Mineralogy via Spectral Analysis 23

5 The Laboratory Base of Cosmic Dust Mineralogy 36

6 Mineral Identification by Spectroscopy 46

References 51

Formation and Evolution of Minerals in Accretion Disks and Stellar Outflows H.-P. Gail 61

1 Introduction 61

2 Dust-Forming Objects and Their Element Abundances 62

3 Equilibrium Condensation 66

4 Dust Growth Processes 82

5 Dust Processing 91

6 Circumstellar Dust Shells 101

7 Dust in Protoplanetary Accretion Discs 111

8 Concluding Remarks 136

References 137

The Mineralogy of Interstellar and Circumstellar Dust in Galaxies F.J. Molster L.B.F.M. Waters F. Kemper 143

1 Introduction 144

2 Observations and Identification 145

3 Observational Astromineralogical Results 149

4 Life-Cycle of Dust 169

5 Dust in Extragalactic Environments 186

6 Conclusions and Future Directions 193

References 194

The Mineralogy of Cometary Dust M.S. Hanner M.E. Zolensky 203

1 Introduction 204

2 Mineralogy from Infrared Spectroscopy 205

3 In Situ Sampling 210

4 Interplanetary Dust Particles of Probable Cometary Origin 211

5 Mineralogy of the Wild 2 Sample 212

6 Origins of Cometary Silicates 221

7 Discussion and Conclusions 224

References 226

The In-Situ Study of Solid Particles in the Solar System I. Mann E.K. Jessberger 233

1 Introduction 233

2 The Basis of Dust Measurements 236

3 In-Situ Measurements of Interplanetary Dust 240

4 In-Situ Studies at Comets 243

5 In-Situ Detection of Interstellar Dust 247

6 Discussion 252

7 Summary 253

References 253

The Astromineralogy of Interplanetary Dust Particles J. Bradley 259

1 Introduction 260

2 Specimen Preparation and Analytical Methods 261

3 Astrominerals in IDPs 265

4 Astromaterials in Comet 81P/Wild 2 272

5 Conclusions 273

References 273

The Most Primitive Material in Meteorites U. Ott 277

1 The Most Primitive Material in Meteorites 278

2 Overview: Identification and Isolation 279

3 Isotopic Structures and Stellar Sources 285

4 Nucleosynthesis Inferred 295

5 Mineralogy and Morphology 298

6 Detection in Space 301

7 Age and History 303

8 Summary 306

References 307

Laboratory Astrophysics of Cosmic Dust Analogues T. Henning 313

1 Introduction 313

2 What are Cosmic Dust Analogue Materials? 314

3 Material Production and Characterization 315

4 Measurement of Optical Properties 318

5 Interpretation of Astronomical Data 321

6 Conclusions 326

References 327

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