Exploring research domains involved with astronomy and cosmology, this interdisciplinary volume investigates and explains how the field has affected human life and perceptions of the universe. Chapters cover the historical background of the field, past and current research, the science behind astronomy, and open question raised by modern astronomical and cosmological research. Many contributors offer unique overviews of the field, covering creativity and technology in discovery, the impact of telescopes, challenges in astronomy, and questions raised by new knowledge. Appendices provide chapter summaries, contributor bios, and ellipsis projects.
|Publisher:||Taylor & Francis|
|Product dimensions:||7.10(w) x 10.20(h) x 0.90(d)|
About the Author
To see video presentations from the New Vision 400 conference celebrating the 400th anniversary of the invention of the telescope, see the New Vision 400 web site.
Donald G. York, Chief Editor, is Horace B. Horton Professor of Astronomy and Astrophysics at The University of Chicago. He was the founding director of the Apache Point Observatory in Sunspot, New Mexico, and of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey, one of the most ambitious collaborative projects ever undertaken by astronomers. He is also the founder and co-director of the Chicago Public Schools/University of Chicago Internet Project, a neighborhood schools technology initiative.
Owen Gingerich, Co-Editor, is Professor Emeritus of Astronomy and of the History of Science at Harvard University and a senior astronomer emeritus at the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory (Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics). He is co-author of two successive standard models for the solar atmosphere and is a leading authority on the 17th-century astronomer Johannes Kepler and the 16th-century cosmologist Nicolaus Copernicus. A world traveler, he has successfully observed 14 total solar eclipses.
Shuang-Nan Zhang, Co-Editor, is Professor and Director of Key Laboratory of and Center for Particle Astrophysics in the Institute of High Energy Physics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, as well as Research Professor of Physics at the University of Alabama in Huntsville. He is also the chief scientist of the Space Science Division of the National Astronomical Observatories of China and heads the X-ray Imaging Laboratory, which is leading several space x-ray astronomy missions in China, as well as the space astronomy program onboard China's Spacelab and Space Station.
Table of Contents
Introduction: The New Vision 400 Project
Creativity and Technology in Astronomical Discovery
From the Language of Heaven to the Rationale of Matter; Tsung-Dao Lee
The Impact of Modern Telescope Development on Astronomy; Riccardo Giacconi
Searching for Other Earths and Life in the Universe; Geoffrey W. Marcy
Impact of Telescopes on Our Knowledge of the Universe
The Formation and Evolution of Galaxies; Ben Moore
Structure Formation in the Universe: From the Dark Side to First Light; Naoki Yoshida
An Overview of Supernovae, the Explosive Deaths of Stars; Alexei V. Filippenko
The Dark Secrets of Gaseous Nebulae: Highlights from Deep Spectroscopy; Xiao-Wei Liu
Some Near-Term Challenges in Astronomy
Can We Detect Dark Matter? Elliott D. Bloom
Can We Understand Dark Energy? Mark Sullivan
Astrophysical Black Holes in the Physical Universe; Shuang-Nan Zhang
Ultrahigh Energy Cosmic Rays; Glennys R. Farrar
Technologies for Future Questions
New Technologies for Radio Astronomy; K. Y. Lo and Alan H. Bridle
Advanced Optical Techniques in Astronomy; Michael Shao
Scientific Opportunities for 30-Meter-Class Optical Telescopes; Richard S. Ellis
Intellectual Impact of the Telescope on Society
The Impact of Astronomy on Chinese Society in the Days before Telescopes; Yi-Long Huang
The Impact of the Telescope in the West, 1608–1802; Owen Gingerich
The Impact of the Telescope on Astronomy and Society in China; Xiao-Chun Sun
"Big Questions" Raised by New Knowledge
Exoplanet Atmospheres and the Search for Biosignatures; Sara Seager
What New Telescopes Can Tell Us about "Other Worlds"; Charles A. Beichman
Multiverse Cosmology; Paul C. W. Davies
Universe or Multiverse? Renata Kallosh and Andrei Linde
Cosmos and Humanity in Traditional Chinese Thought; Yung Sik Kim
Laws of Nature, Moral Order, and the Intelligibility of the Cosmos; Peter Harrison
Why Are the Laws of Nature as They Are? What Underlies Their Existence? George F. R. Ellis
Appendix: The New Vision 400 Conference