The Astronomy Revolution: 400 Years of Exploring the Cosmos

The Astronomy Revolution: 400 Years of Exploring the Cosmos

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Overview

The Astronomy Revolution: 400 Years of Exploring the Cosmos by Donald G. York

Exploring research domains involved with astronomy and cosmology, this interdisciplinary volume investigates and explains how the field has affected human life and perceptions of the universe. Chapters cover the historical background of the field, past and current research, the science behind astronomy, and open question raised by modern astronomical and cosmological research. Many contributors offer unique overviews of the field, covering creativity and technology in discovery, the impact of telescopes, challenges in astronomy, and questions raised by new knowledge. Appendices provide chapter summaries, contributor bios, and ellipsis projects.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781439836002
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Publication date: 12/19/2011
Pages: 450
Product dimensions: 7.10(w) x 10.20(h) x 0.90(d)

About the Author

To see video presentations from the New Vision 400 conference celebrating the 400th anniversary of the invention of the telescope, see the New Vision 400 web site.

Donald G. York, Chief Editor, is Horace B. Horton Professor of Astronomy and Astrophysics at The University of Chicago. He was the founding director of the Apache Point Observatory in Sunspot, New Mexico, and of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey, one of the most ambitious collaborative projects ever undertaken by astronomers. He is also the founder and co-director of the Chicago Public Schools/University of Chicago Internet Project, a neighborhood schools technology initiative.

Owen Gingerich, Co-Editor, is Professor Emeritus of Astronomy and of the History of Science at Harvard University and a senior astronomer emeritus at the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory (Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics). He is co-author of two successive standard models for the solar atmosphere and is a leading authority on the 17th-century astronomer Johannes Kepler and the 16th-century cosmologist Nicolaus Copernicus. A world traveler, he has successfully observed 14 total solar eclipses.

Shuang-Nan Zhang, Co-Editor, is Professor and Director of Key Laboratory of and Center for Particle Astrophysics in the Institute of High Energy Physics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, as well as Research Professor of Physics at the University of Alabama in Huntsville. He is also the chief scientist of the Space Science Division of the National Astronomical Observatories of China and heads the X-ray Imaging Laboratory, which is leading several space x-ray astronomy missions in China, as well as the space astronomy program onboard China's Spacelab and Space Station.

Table of Contents

Introduction: The New Vision 400 Project

Creativity and Technology in Astronomical Discovery

From the Language of Heaven to the Rationale of Matter; Tsung-Dao Lee

The Impact of Modern Telescope Development on Astronomy; Riccardo Giacconi

Searching for Other Earths and Life in the Universe; Geoffrey W. Marcy

Impact of Telescopes on Our Knowledge of the Universe

The Formation and Evolution of Galaxies; Ben Moore

Structure Formation in the Universe: From the Dark Side to First Light; Naoki Yoshida

An Overview of Supernovae, the Explosive Deaths of Stars; Alexei V. Filippenko

The Dark Secrets of Gaseous Nebulae: Highlights from Deep Spectroscopy; Xiao-Wei Liu

Some Near-Term Challenges in Astronomy

Can We Detect Dark Matter? Elliott D. Bloom

Can We Understand Dark Energy? Mark Sullivan

Astrophysical Black Holes in the Physical Universe; Shuang-Nan Zhang

Ultrahigh Energy Cosmic Rays; Glennys R. Farrar

Technologies for Future Questions

New Technologies for Radio Astronomy; K. Y. Lo and Alan H. Bridle

Advanced Optical Techniques in Astronomy; Michael Shao

Scientific Opportunities for 30-Meter-Class Optical Telescopes; Richard S. Ellis

Intellectual Impact of the Telescope on Society

The Impact of Astronomy on Chinese Society in the Days before Telescopes; Yi-Long Huang

The Impact of the Telescope in the West, 1608–1802; Owen Gingerich

The Impact of the Telescope on Astronomy and Society in China; Xiao-Chun Sun

"Big Questions" Raised by New Knowledge

Exoplanet Atmospheres and the Search for Biosignatures; Sara Seager

What New Telescopes Can Tell Us about "Other Worlds"; Charles A. Beichman

Multiverse Cosmology; Paul C. W. Davies

Universe or Multiverse? Renata Kallosh and Andrei Linde

Cosmos and Humanity in Traditional Chinese Thought; Yung Sik Kim

Laws of Nature, Moral Order, and the Intelligibility of the Cosmos; Peter Harrison

Why Are the Laws of Nature as They Are? What Underlies Their Existence? George F. R. Ellis

Appendix: The New Vision 400 Conference

Index

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