Cardiovascular disease is the main cause of death in the West, and vascular disease is the most common cardiovascular clinical problem. The disease results in serious morbidity and mortality, and carries economic cost implications. While conventional risk factors are well established, and their biomarkers regularly monitored, patients may continue to suffer subclinical active disease, even in the absence of risk factors, until they present with sudden cardiac death or stroke. Early disease detection using direct imaging has shown to be more accurate in identifying vulnerable patients and unstable plaques than conventional risk factors. This IJMS issue deals with the current opinion concerning the state-of-the-art imaging technologies available for clinical applications and their unique value over the sole use of conventional risk factor analysis, in identifying vulnerable patients, recommending aggressive treatments, prognosticating, and in assessing related nutritional and environmental issues.
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Table of Contents
1) Imaging of a Cilioretinal Artery Embolisation
2) Coronary CT Angiography in Managing Atherosclerosis
3) A Variant in the Osteoprotegerin Gene Is Associated with Coronary Atherosclerosis in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis: Results from a Candidate Gene Study
4) Coronary Artery Calcium Screening: Does it Perform Better than Other Cardiovascular Risk Stratification Tools?
5) Ultrasound Imaging for Risk Assessment in Atherosclerosis
6) Ultrasound Tissue Characterization of Vulnerable Atherosclerotic Plaque
7) Ultrasound Assessment of Carotid Plaque Echogenicity Response to Statin Therapy: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
8) Vasa Vasorum in Atherosclerosis and Clinical Significance
9) The Arginine/ADMA Ratio Is Related to the Prevention of Atherosclerotic Plaques in
Hypercholesterolemic Rabbits When Giving a Combined Therapy with Atorvastatine and Arginine
10) Meta-Analysis of miR-146a Polymorphisms Association with Coronary Artery Diseases and Ischemic Stroke
11) Advances in the Study of the Antiatherogenic Function and Novel Therapies for HDL
12) Atherosclerotic Calcification Detection: A Comparative Study of Carotid Ultrasound and Cone Beam CT