It failed not because failure was inevitable but because seeds of failure were sown once soldiering was mixed with politics, merit was sidelined and men of limited grey matter were elevated to the highest ranks. After 1965 the current of history started flowing against Pakistan and its full results came into light only in December 1971.
There was logic in Bhutto and his hawk's position that Pakistan had the potential to knock India out in a swift war like the Israelis did in 1956 and 1967.
Unfortunately, Pakistan failed not because of material reasons but because of qualitative reasons. The finest steel goes through the hottest fire. This unfortunately was not the case with the Pakistan Army of 1965 in terms of higher leadership.
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About the Author
Presently heads think tank Centre for Study of Intelligence Operations.
Editor in Chief of monthly Intelligence Review and monthly Military and Security Review.
In his Pakistan Army tenure he wrote three original tactical papers on Reconnaissance Troops Tactical handling, Reconnaissance support group , and RFS Concept.
His writings were published in Pakistan Armys prime journals , Pakistan Army Journal and Citadel Journal of Command and Staff College Quetta.
His recommendations regarding bifurcation of officer corps into command and staff cadre advanced in 1998 were later accepted. In addition his recommendation of grouping various corps into army commands advanced in an article published in Citadel Journal in 1998 were accepted in 2005 or so.
Wrote Pakistan Armys first tactical paper on Tactical handling of Reconnaissance Troop in 1986 which is now being incorporated in Pakistan Armys most important general staff publication " The Armored Regiment in Battle".
Wrote The Essential Clausewitz in 1993, Sepoy Rebellion of 1857-59 in 1998 , Pakistan Army till 1965 in 1999 ,Development of Taliban Factions in Afghanistan and Pakistan (2010) ,Taliban War in Afghanistan (2009). Served as Assistant Editor of Defence Journal ,Executive Editor of globe and Founder Editor of Journal of Afghanistan Studies . An associate of the think tanks ORBAT and Alexandrian Defense group.
Expert in social impact and environmental assessment carried out various LARP surveys for Asian Bank and World Bank projects.
He has lectured at various think tanks and organisations worldwide and shares his knowledge without any honorarium and at zero financial benefits.
Carried out various oil and gas and power transmission line surveys in West Asia.
One time Assistant Editor Defence Journal , Executive Editor Globe, Editor Journal of Afghanistan Studies
Feedback is welcome at e mail address L19aircraft@gmail.com