Attestation Engagements on Sustainability Information (Including Greenhouse Gas Emissions Information)

Attestation Engagements on Sustainability Information (Including Greenhouse Gas Emissions Information)

by AICPA

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781945498626
Publisher: Wiley
Publication date: 09/25/2017
Series: AICPA Series
Pages: 192
Product dimensions: 5.80(w) x 8.80(h) x 0.90(d)

About the Author

Founded in 1887, the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA) represents the CPA and accounting profession nationally and globally regarding rule-making and standard-setting, and serves as an advocate before legislative bodies, public interest groups and other professional organizations. The AICPA develops standards for audits of private companies and other services by CPAs; provides educational guidance materials to its members; develops and grades the Uniform CPA Examination; and monitors and enforces compliance with the accounting profession's technical and ethical standards.
The AICPA's founding established accountancy as a profession distinguished by rigorous educational requirements, high professional standards, a strict code of professional ethics, a licensing status and a commitment to serving the public interest.

Table of Contents

Chapter Paragraph

1 Introduction to Sustainability Examination and Review Engagements 01-58

Introduction to Using the Guide 01-04

Introduction to Sustainability Information and Background 05-13

Boundaries (Operational, Organizational, and

Reporting Boundaries) 08-12

Base Year Information 13

Measurement Uncertainty 14-21

Objectives of an Examination of Sustainability Information 22

Objectives of a Review of Sustainability Information 23

Preconditions for an Examination or Review of Sustainability Information 24-50

Assessing the Appropriateness of the Subject Matter 27-32

Assessing the Suitability of the Applicable Criteria 33-38

Assessing the Availability of Criteria 39-40

Assessing the Ability to Obtain Evidence 41-44

Other Preconditions 45-50

Use of Other Practitioners 51

Agreeing on the Terms of the Engagement 52-56

Requesting a Written Assertion 57-58

Written Assertion by the Responsible Party 58

2 Planning the Examination or Review Engagement 01-45

Planning Considerations 01-02

Nature and Characteristics of the Subject Matter 03-10

Organization Structure and Nature of Business 11-13

Organizational and Reporting Boundaries 14-15

Characteristics of the Collection and Reporting Processes 16-19

Consistency 20

Comparative Information 21

Internal Audit 22

Measurement Uncertainty 23-27

Using the Work of an Other Practitioner 25-27

Risk Assessment Procedures 28-32

Materiality in Planning and Performing the Engagement 33-44

Considerations When Selecting and Using the Work of a Practitioner’s Specialist 45

3 Performing Examination or Review Procedures 01-86

Measurement Uncertainty 07-13

Responding to Assessed Risks and Obtaining Evidence 14-17

Procedures 18-30

Tests of Controls 31-33

Procedures Other Than Tests of Controls 34-36

Procedures Regarding Estimates and Measurement Uncertainty 37-40

Sampling 41-43

Fraud, Laws, and Regulations 44-45

Revision of Risk Assessment 46-48

Evaluating the Reliability of Information Produced by the Entity 49-52

Using the Work of a Practitioner’s Specialist or Internal Auditors53-55

Using the Work of an Other Practitioner 56

Evaluating the Results of Examination or Review Procedures 57-77

Considering Subsequent Events and Subsequently Discovered Facts 66-67

Consistency 68-77

Written Representations 78-80

Other Information 81-82

Description of Criteria 83-85

Disclosures of Management Interpretations of the Criteria 85

Documentation86

4 Reporting on an Examination or Review Engagement 01-49

Forming an Opinion or Conclusion 01-09

Measurement Uncertainty 06-09

Preparing the Practitioner’s Report 10-14

Content of the Practitioner’s Report 15-41

Examination Reports 15-17

Review Reports 18-20

General Reporting Guidance 21-23

Reporting Situations Applicable to Both Examination and Review Engagements 24-41

Modified Opinions (Examinations) 42-43

Modified Conclusions (Reviews) 44-45

Correction of a Material Misstatement in Previously Issued Sustainability Information 46-49

5 Performing an Examination or Review Engagement on Greenhouse Gas Emissions Information 01-61

Introduction to GHG Emissions Information 03-17

GHG Emissions Reporting in the United States 05

Terms and Definitions Used by Registries and

Regulatory Frameworks06-07

Scopes for Reporting GHG Emissions: Direct and Indirect

Emissions 08

Boundaries for GHG Emissions 09-11

Base Year GHG Emissions 12

GHG Emission Reduction Projects 13-16

Uncertainty in the Measurement of GHG Emissions 17

Objectives of an Examination of GHG Emissions Information18-19

GHG Emission Reduction Information 19

Objectives of a Review of GHG Emissions Information 20-21

GHG Emission Reduction Information 21

Additional Considerations Regarding Preconditions for an Examination or Review of GHG Emissions Information 22-32

Assessing the Appropriateness of the Subject Matter 22-24

Assessing the Suitability of the Criteria—Additional Considerations Concerning GHG Emissions

Information 25-26

Assessing the Ability to Obtain Evidence—Additional Considerations Concerning GHG Emission Reduction Information 27

Other Preconditions 28-32

Using the Work of an Other Practitioner for GHG Emissions Information33-35

Other Engagement Acceptance Considerations Regarding GHG Emissions Information 36

Requesting a Written Assertion on GHG Emissions Information37

Planning the Examination or Review Engagement 38-39

Obtaining an Understanding of GHG Emissions Information 38

Characteristics of the Collection and Reporting Processes—Consistency Considerations Regarding GHG Emissions Information 39

Potential Misstatements Relating to GHG Emissions Information40

Considerations on Using the Work of a Practitioner’s Specialist in a GHG Emissions Engagement 41

Illustrative Procedures 42-54

Site Visits45-46

Corroboration 47

Techniques to Calculate GHG Emissions and Reductions 48-50

Procedures Specific to GHG Emission Reduction Engagements 51

Considering Subsequent Events 52

GHG Emissions Inventory 53

Evaluating or Considering Adequacy of Disclosure 54

Written Representations 55

Other Information 56

Documentation 57

Reporting Situations Applicable to Both Examination and Review Engagements 58-61

References to the Report of an Other Practitioner in a GHG Emission Reduction Engagement 58

Significant Inherent Limitations 59

Matters of Emphasis 60

Comparative Information 61

Appendix

A Illustrations of Measurements and Measurement Uncertainty

B Characteristics of Sustainability Information and Illustrative Examination and Review Procedures

C Illustrative Representation Letters and Additional Representations

D Illustrative Practitioner’s Examination Reports

E Illustrative Practitioner’s Review Reports

F Illustrative Practitioner’s Report on an Examination of One or More Specified Indicators and a Review of Others, Reporting on the Subject Matter, Unmodified Opinion and Unmodified Conclusion

G Overview of Statements on Quality Control Standards

Glossary

Index of Pronouncements and Other Technical Guidance

Subject Index

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