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Overview

Ballistic Imaging assesses the state of computer-based imaging technology in forensic firearms identification. The book evaluates the current law enforcement database of images of crime-related cartridge cases and bullets and recommends ways to improve the usefulness of the technology for suggesting leads in criminal investigations. It also advises against the construction of a national reference database that would include images from test-fires of every newly manufactured or imported firearm in the United States. The book also suggests further research on an alternate method for generating an investigative lead to the location where a gun was first sold: "microstamping," the direct imprinting of unique identifiers on firearm parts or ammunition.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780309117241
Publisher: National Academies Press
Publication date: 09/10/2008
Pages: 344
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.80(d)

Table of Contents


Executive Summary     1
Context for Ballistic Imaging Analysis
Introduction     11
Firearms and Ammunition: Physics, Manufacturing, and Sources of Variability     30
Firearms Identification and the Use of Ballistic Evidence     53
Current Ballistic Imaging and Databases
Current Ballistic Imaging Technology     91
Current Ballistic Image Databases: NIBIN and the State Reference Databases     133
Operational and Technical Enhancements to NIBIN     162
Three-Dimensional Measurement and Ballistic Imaging     186
Implications for a National Reference Ballistic Image Database
Experimental Evidence on Sources of Variability and Imaging Standards     199
Feasibility of a National Reference Ballistic Image Database     223
Future Directions
Microstamping: Alternative Technology for Tracing to Point of Sale     255
Best Standards for Future Developments in Computer-Assisted Firearms Identification     272
References     281
Appendixes
Gun Enforcement and Ballistic Imaging Technology in Boston   Anthony A. Braga     293
Biographical Sketches of Committee Members and Staff     312

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