Relevant to, and drawing from, a range of disciplines, the chapters in this collection show the diversity, and applicability, of research in Bayesian argumentation. Together, they form a challenge to philosophers versed in both the use and criticism of Bayesian models who have largely overlooked their potential in argumentation. Selected from contributions to a multidisciplinary workshop on the topic held in Sweden in 2010, the authors count linguists and social psychologists among their number, in addition to philosophers. They analyze material that includes real-life court cases, experimental research results, and the insights gained from computer models.
The volume provides, for the first time, a formal measure of subjective argument strength and argument force, robust enough to allow advocates of opposing sides of an argument to agree on the relative strengths of their supporting reasoning. With papers from leading figures such as Michael Oaksford and Ulrike Hahn, the book comprises recent research conducted at the frontiers of Bayesian argumentation and provides a multitude of examples in which these formal tools can be applied to informal argument. It signals new and impending developments in philosophy, which has seen Bayesian models deployed in formal epistemology and philosophy of science, but has yet to explore the full potential of Bayesian models as a framework in argumentation. In doing so, this revealing anthology looks destined to become a standard teaching text in years to come.
Table of Contents
Introduction: Frank Zenker.- Part 1.- The Bayesian Approach to Argumentation.- Chapter 1. Testimony and Argument: A Bayesian Perspective: Ulrike Hahn, Mike Oaksford and Adam J.L. Harris.- Chapter 2.Why are we convincedby the Ad HominemArgument?: Source Reliability orPragma-Dialectics: Mike Oaksford and Ulrike Hahn.-Part2. The Legal Domain.-Chapter 3.Asurvey of uncertaintiesand their consequencesinProbabilisticLegal Argumentation: Matthias Grabmair and Kevin D. Ashley.- Chapter 4.What went wrong in the case ofSally Clark? Acase-studyof the use ofStatistical Evidence inCourt: Amid Pundik.- Part3. Modeling Rational Agents.- Chapter5.A Bayesian Simulation ModelofGroup Deliberation: Erik J. Olsson.- Chapter 6.Degrees of Justification, Bayes' Rule, and Rationality: Gregor Betz.- Chapter 7.Argumentationwith(Bounded) Rational Agents: Robert van Rooij and Kris de Jaeghery.- Part 4. Theoretical Issues.- Chapter 8. Reductio, Coherence, and the Myth of Epistemic Circularity: Tomoji Shogenji.- Chapter 9. On Argument Strength: Niki Pfeifer.- Chapter 10.- Upping the Stakes and the Preface Paradox: Jonny Blamey.- References.