**One of Bustle's 17 of the Best Nonfiction Books Coming in January 2017 and Men's Journal's 7 Best Books of January**
"Brilliant, real and readable." former U.S. Secretary of State Madeleine Albright
**A USA Today "New and Noteworthy" Book**
Lisa Dickey traveled across the whole of Russia three timesin 1995, 2005 and 2015making friends in eleven different cities, then coming back again and again to see how their lives had changed. Like the acclaimed British documentary series Seven Up!, she traces the ups and downs of ordinary people’s lives, in the process painting a deeply nuanced portrait of modern Russia.
From the caretakers of a lighthouse in Vladivostok, to the Jewish community of Birobidzhan, to a farmer in Buryatia, to a group of gay friends in Novosibirsk, to a wealthy family in Chelyabinsk, to a rap star in Moscow, Dickey profiles a wide cross-section of people in one of the most fascinating, dynamic and important countries on Earth. Along the way, she explores dramatic changes in everything from technology to social norms, drinks copious amounts of vodka, and learns firsthand how the Russians really feel about Vladimir Putin.
Including powerful photographs of people and places over time, and filled with wacky travel stories, unexpected twists, and keen insights, Bears in the Streets offers an unprecedented on-the-ground view of Russia today.
|Publisher:||St. Martin's Press|
|Product dimensions:||5.90(w) x 8.40(h) x 1.20(d)|
About the Author
Lisa Dickey is an author and ghostwriter who has helped write seventeen published nonfiction books, including eight New York Times bestsellers. Dickey began her career in St. Petersburg, Russia, writing articles for The Moscow Times and USA Today. She is an accomplished storyteller, appearing at live events such as the Moth Grand Slam. She lives in Los Angeles.
Read an Excerpt
Bears in the Streets
Three Journeys Across a Changing Russia
By Lisa Dickey
St. Martin's PressCopyright © 2017 Lisa Dickey
All rights reserved.
In the spring of 1995 I was living in Russia, trying to launch a new career. I'd spent the early nineties in the liberal arts major's first circle of Hell, suffering through dreary administrative jobs in Washington, D.C., while wondering how I got through college without learning a single marketable skill. I answered phones and filed paperwork until I was a paper cut away from insanity. Then, at age 27, I booked a one-way ticket to St. Petersburg, rented an apartment in the city center, and set about trying to turn myself into a writer.
Moving to Russia wasn't as random as it sounds. I'd studied Russian in college, and had even lived at the U.S. embassy compound in Moscow for seven months from 1988 to 1989, working as a nanny for a U.S. diplomat's family. Those were the "bad old days": the Soviet Union was our mortal enemy, the KGB was listening to our conversations, and the embassy's security people spent hours trying to scare us out of getting too cozy with Russians. It was overwhelming — as was Moscow itself, which was massive, gray, noisy, and dirty. So, five years later, when I decided to find my fortune in post-Soviet Russia, quaint old St. Petersburg seemed the logical choice.
I had everything planned out. Best-case scenario, I'd sell feature stories to newspapers and compile enough clips to continue a writing career back home. Worst-case scenario, nobody would buy my stories, but I'd have fun living the bohemian life in Russia for a while. With my rent just a hundred bucks a month for a two-bedroom apartment, and subsisting on a diet of potatoes, carrots, cabbage, and beer, I figured I had enough money to last a year.
Six months into my grand experiment, nobody would buy anything I wrote. I eagerly penned fluffy little pieces about music festivals and adventures on trolleybuses, but I was stuck in a chicken-and-egg conundrum: no one would publish my stories until my stories had been published elsewhere. Even the small, poorly written English-language newspaper, the St. Petersburg Press, wasn't interested, though in response to my shameless hounding they finally offered me part-time work as a copy editor. I started going in to the newsroom a few hours a week, and that's where, posted on a bulletin board in April 1995, I saw this printed-out e-mail:
My name is Gary Matoso. I am an American photojournalist currently based in Paris ...
I have a project that I am in the early stages of planning ... The basic idea is a trip across Russia by car, St. Petersburg to Vladivostok (maybe the other way around). I plan to take two to three months to complete the journey, stopping in big cities, small towns and villages. I want to shoot a very personal b&w photo essay, a sort of photo journal that documents the people, places and experiences that will make up the trip ...
How can you help? First of all, ADVICE. Have any of you been out to the far reaches of Siberia? What can I expect as far as roads? (Are there any?) PLACES TO GO. Do you have any ideas on places that I should definitely see or someone I should meet along the way? ... CONTACTS. This will be a real road trip. I am trying to put together a list of friendly faces, a place to crash for the night, or just someone who knows the area ...
By this point, I was hyperventilating. What an adventure this guy was going to have! I was afraid to read further for fear he hadn't written the words I was desperate to see. Fortunately, he had.
Lastly, and this is a biggie, I am looking for candidates to be my traveling partner ...
Here is the scoop. I need someone who's fluent in Russian. I speak some but not enough to attempt this trip on my own. I will cover all of the expenses for the trip and get you back to Petersburg. This offer is directed at but not limited to journalists ...
It will be a long and hard trip, with no luxurious hotels or fine restaurants (well, maybe one or two restaurants) ... Anyhow, spread the word, I am sure there are enough crazy people out there ...
Sincerely, Gary Matoso
He must pick me. In all my months in Russia, I'd spent very little time outside Moscow or St. Petersburg. I was desperate to see more of the country, and this trip would be a great opportunity to write — and, let's be honest, sell — stories from the road. Sure, it would be weird to travel with a total stranger; for all I knew, this Gary Matoso person was a kook, or worse, an overcaffeinated alpha male. I didn't care. I was ready to pack my bags and hop the next train for Siberia. All I had to do was convince Gary that I was the perfect travel companion, using a passel of carefully picked white lies: I e-mailed him that I was fluent in Russian (not quite, though I was getting there); an accomplished writer (false); and, most important, unflappable (way false).
There were several candidates, but lo and behold, the photographer picked me. Forget boho St. Petersburg — I was going to the hinterlands and beyond.
Gary wanted to start with a remote lighthouse he'd heard about at the farthest southeastern tip of Russia, so we booked flights to Vladivostok for September 1, 1995. From there, we planned to meander back to St. Petersburg, stopping in 10 to 12 cities along the way. Our goal was to find an interesting cross-section of people to profile, then post photos and stories to a website as we traveled.
This last part sounded bold, futuristic, and quite possibly insane — at least until Gary arrived in St. Petersburg with an unusual piece of equipment. Standing in my kitchen, he pulled out a 35 mm Nikon camera with a hardware attachment roughly the size of a Buick, then snapped a photo of me. He ejected a little diskette, popped it into a slot in his Apple PowerBook laptop, and when my face magically appeared on the screen, I actually shrieked.
Not only had I never seen this technology, I'd never even heard of it. Digital cameras weren't widely available in 1995, but Gary had scored an expensive prototype from Kodak — and this, he told me, was the real motivation behind the trip. He wanted to demonstrate how these newfangled digital cameras could be used to create documentary projects on the brand-new World Wide Web. If all went well, our website, which we dubbed "The Russian Chronicles" (having decided "A Trans-Cyberian Journey" was a little too cute) would be one of the first real-time Web travelogues.
We set off the next day for Vladivostok with only the barest notion about how the next few months would unfold. I'd managed to scrape up contacts in a few cities, mostly Russian friends of friends intrigued at the idea of hosting actual Americans in their rarely visited towns. The rest of the time we'd be winging it, asking everyone we met whether they happened to know anyone in the next town over, as we made our way across the country on the Trans-Siberian Railway. (We'd quickly given up on Gary's idea of driving once we learned there were few decent — meaning paved — highways in the Russian Far East.)
Over 12 weeks, more than 5,000 miles, several screaming fights, and approximately 6,000 vodka shots, Gary and I created a portrait, in words and photographs, of the lives of contemporary Russians. In the course of the trip, we had adventures beyond what we'd ever imagined.
We spent four days on a research ship on Lake Baikal, watching freshwater scientists collect species that exist only in that magnificent lake. We stood by in awe as a Buryat farmer slaughtered a sheep for us, slicing open the animal's chest and plunging in his bare hand to pinch shut its aorta, then prepared a feast of mutton and vodka that went on until the sun rose. We attended services in the last remaining synagogue in Birobidzhan, the capital of Russia's Jewish Autonomous Region, listening in confusion while a self-styled rabbi named Boris exhorted elderly women in headscarves to pray to Jesus Christ. And we watched with delight as two closeted gay men in Novosibirsk put on a spectacular drag show for us in their living room.
It was truly a once-in-a-lifetime trip. Which was why, in 2005, I decided I wanted to do it again.
Gary couldn't join me this time because of work commitments, so I brought in another photographer, David Hillegas, to make the trip. Washingtonpost.com agreed to publish our updates as a daily blog, and a communications company called I-Linx sponsored us with a few thousand bucks and a satellite phone. I didn't tell the Russians I'd met in 1995 that I was coming back, opting instead to surprise them. Miraculously, through a combination of decade-old hand-scribbled notes, Google, manic perseverance, and stupid luck, I found almost everybody we'd done stories about on that first trip. The only exceptions were an elderly pensioner in Chelyabinsk (who was likely no longer alive) and a truck driver. Everyone else, we were able to interview and photograph.
In 2005, people seemed better off, materially and financially, than they'd been ten years earlier. Most were enjoying fruits of middle-class life that were previously out of reach: trips to Turkey, cell phones, Visa cards, Italian leather shoes. Many seemed more at ease speaking to me than they had before. In 1995, just four years removed from the collapse of the Soviet Union, people in Russia had seemed to be in a state of existential shell shock. By 2005, they were settling comfortably into their new capitalist reality, members of a growing middle class in a country that had arguably never had one before.
Even before that trip ended, I knew I'd want to go again in 2015. But when the time drew near, I decided to do things a little differently: I wanted to go alone, rather than with a photographer, and write a book instead of blogging. Apart from that, I'd do the same trip, and see all the same people, as before. I was eager to find out how everybody's lives had changed, now 20 years after that first visit.
Yet I was nervous too. Relations between the Russian and U.S. governments were more poisonous than they'd been in decades. We were furious at Russia for annexing Crimea, Russia was furious with us for the sanctions we subsequently levied, and everybody was pointing fingers after a Malaysian airliner was shot down over a disputed part of Ukraine. On March 8, 2015, the Washington Post's Michael Birnbaum reported that "after a year in which furious rhetoric has been pumped across Russian airwaves, anger toward the United States is at its worst since opinion polls began tracking it. From ordinary street vendors all the way up to the Kremlin, a wave of anti-U.S. bile has swept the country, surpassing any time since the Stalin era, observers say."
This was a crazy time for a lone American to set off on an extended ramble across the country. On the other hand, maybe it was the perfect time. In the midst of the PR flame war, I'd be able to see what was really happening on the ground in Russia. And I'd be doing it through face-toface conversations with people I'd been dropping in on for 20 years.
* * *
Something about this particular contradiction — this presumed enmity between Russians and Americans, even as people connected easily on a human level — had always fascinated me. It was the reason I became obsessed with Russia in the first place, back when I was a patriotic young military brat.
In the summer of 1976, my mother announced that she was going to visit the Soviet Union. This was an unusual choice for an American during those Cold War years, and especially for the spouse of an active-duty U.S. military officer. But she was curious, so she booked a tour and went to explore Moscow, Leningrad, and Kiev for a couple of weeks while my dad, a U.S. Navy pilot who'd just got done fighting the Communists in Vietnam, took care of my brother and me at home.
I was nine years old and deeply confused. Weren't the Russians our enemies? Why would my mom want to go visit the people my dad was fighting against? The whole time she was away, I was terrified; I truly feared I'd never see her again. But when she got back, she told us that she'd had a wonderful time and Russian people were lovely, and she showed us pictures of candy-drop-colored churches and gave us gifts, including a beautiful hand-carved wooden box that I treasured.
So, Russians were our enemies, but they were also really nice people? Now I was more confused than ever. From that moment on, I needed to see the place for myself, to understand how both these facts could possibly be true.
I wanted to learn Russian, with its weird letters and incomprehensible sounds, but to my disappointment neither my middle school nor my high school offered classes. So for many years, the closest I could come was to painstakingly copy the Russian translation of John 3:16 from the front pages of the Gideon Bible whenever we happened to be staying in a motel. I'd carefully trace out the Cyrillic letters, wondering what it would sound like to speak them aloud, then marveling that one day I would actually know.
At last, in college, I got my chance. I earned my bachelor's degree in Russian Language and Literature, though even after four years of study, I still spoke it atrociously. My language skills improved during the seven months I spent at the U.S. embassy in Moscow, but it wasn't until that first year in St. Petersburg, 1994–95, that I became fluent.
So, when I went on the 1995 trip with Gary, my Russian skills were very good. On the 2005 trip, they were pretty good. Now, as I prepared for my third trip, they were decidedly not good. I hadn't set foot in the country for ten years, and apart from the occasional tipsy vodka toast, I hadn't spoken a word of Russian. What I needed was a chance to practice everyday conversation with native speakers. Fortunately, the neighborhood where I was living — West Hollywood, California — happened to be chockablock with Russian immigrants.
I found my way to the small Russian Language Library on Santa Monica Boulevard, where I met Sofia, a white-haired, bespectacled émigré who agreed to chat while she minded the desk. We started simply, telling each other where we were from, where we lived, what kind of work we did. Good, I thought. This is easy. Then, she asked if I had a family. And I froze.
I remembered that in Russian, you can't simply say "I'm married." It's a gendered construction, meaning you either say "I am wifed," or "I am husbanded" (technically, "I am behind husband," which deserves a dissertation of its own). So I looked Sofia in the eye and said, in Russian, "I am wifed."
She smiled indulgently. "No, you are husbanded." She figured I'd misspoken.
"Actually," I said, "I am wifed."
"Ohhh," she said, then paused thoughtfully. "Well, these things happen. There are many such people in West Hollywood. It does not bother me. But I don't think you should tell anyone in Russia."
Her advice didn't come as a surprise. Ever since Russia passed a law in 2013 outlawing the "propaganda of nontraditional sexual relations to minors," a new wave of anti-gay sentiment, including episodes of violence, had reportedly swept the country. Even though the law didn't criminalize homosexuality outright, it was written in a way that seemed to justify antigay backlash. After all, even simply telling someone you're gay could be legally construed as "propagandizing," if some random child happens to be within earshot.
Living in St. Petersburg in the mid-1990s, I'd never worried too much about anti-gay attitudes — but I didn't exactly broadcast anything, either. I was single, so I didn't have to lie when asked if I was married or had a family. On the 1995 trip, whenever people asked about boyfriends, I'd just smile coyly and change the subject. This works well when you're 28. But returning in 2005, at age 38, I found it harder to shake off people's queries, which started to take on a tone of grave concern. Really? I was almost 40 and still didn't have a man? That was sad enough; I could only imagine the looks of horror and pity I'd get this time, at age 48, still having failed to get "behind husband."
The problem could be avoided with a simple white lie, but it was one I couldn't bring myself to utter. I once lost a job because I was gay, and throughout my adult life I'd endured countless conversations with homophobic colleagues, acquaintances, and relatives about whether I could or should "change." When I finally did get married, in 2010, my own brother refused for religious reasons to come to the wedding. This was a battle I'd been fighting for a long time, and I was proud to have a stable, loving relationship with my wife, Randi. I hated the idea of denying her existence, or worse, making up a fake husband. But it now seemed, for safety's sake, I might have to.
Excerpted from Bears in the Streets by Lisa Dickey. Copyright © 2017 Lisa Dickey. Excerpted by permission of St. Martin's Press.
All rights reserved. No part of this excerpt may be reproduced or reprinted without permission in writing from the publisher.
Excerpts are provided by Dial-A-Book Inc. solely for the personal use of visitors to this web site.
Table of Contents
Map of Russia,
ONE: Three Journeys,
TWO: Vladivostok: The Lighthouse Keepers,
THREE: Birobidzhan: Stalin's Jewish Homeland,
FOUR: Chita: There Will Be Disneyland,
FIVE: Ulan-Ude: Byoorn and Tyoorn,
SIX: Galtai: Slaughter and Feast,
SEVEN: Baikal: Deep Water,
EIGHT: Novosibirsk: Circle of Life,
NINE: Chelyabinsk: Meteors and Missiles,
TEN: Kazan: The Soldier's Mother,
ELEVEN: Moscow: The Russian Rap Star,
TWELVE: St. Petersburg: Five Generations,
About the Author,
Most Helpful Customer Reviews
Very good, with interesting observations This IS a good book, don't let the rest of my comments detract from that basic fact. I think that if you know Russia this book will add very little to your understanding of that remarkable country. The author's observations are obvious, for the most part, and based on a very small number of people. I am not sure that one can draw generalizations, as the author does, from the restricted travels and homestays that the author had. On the other hand, if you are not familiar with Russia, you will be captivated by the book. Highly recommended for novices about Russia.