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Becoming a Teacher, Enhanced Pearson eText with Loose-Leaf Version -- Access Card Package / Edition 10

Becoming a Teacher, Enhanced Pearson eText with Loose-Leaf Version -- Access Card Package / Edition 10

by Forrest W. Parkay

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780134016092
Publisher: Pearson
Publication date: 02/05/2015
Pages: 530
Sales rank: 161,973
Product dimensions: 8.40(w) x 10.80(h) x 2.50(d)

About the Author

Forrest W. Parkay is Professor of Educational Leadership and Higher Education at Washington State University. He was Professor of Educational Leadership at the University of Florida for eight years and at Texas State University for five years. Forrest received his B.A. and M.A. degrees in English education from the University of Illinois-Urbana. He earned his Ph.D. in education at the University of Chicago, and he is a graduate of Harvard University’s Management Development Program (MDP). For eight years, Forrest taught at DuSable High School on Chicago’s South Side, and he served as Chairman of DuSable’s English Department for four years.

Forrest is the author or co-author of more than 60 refereed journal articles and several books, including Curriculum Leadership: Readings for Developing Quality Educational Programs (Allyn & Bacon, 2010). His research has appeared in the field’s leading peer-reviewed journals, including Phi Delta Kappan, American Journal of Education, and Educational Administration Quarterly.

A former Fulbright Scholar at Kasetsart University’s Center for Research on Teaching and Teacher Education, in Thailand, Forrest has facilitated educational reform programs and conducted cross-national research in China, Thailand, Korea, Japan, Pakistan, India, and Singapore. He has been a Visiting Professor at Beijing Normal University and at Assumption University in Thailand.

His hobbies include classic cars, camping, kayaking, and photography. Forrest is the proud father of four daughters: Anna, Catherine, Rebecca and Anchitta.

Table of Contents

Brief Table of Contents

PART 1 The Teaching Profession

CHAPTER ONE Teaching: Your Chosen Profession

CHAPTER TWO Today’s Teachers
CHAPTER THREE Today’s Schools


CHAPTER FOUR Philosophical Foundations of U.S. Education

CHAPTER FIVE Historical Foundations of U.S. Education

CHAPTER SIX Governance and Finance of U.S. Schools

CHAPTER SEVEN Ethical and Legal Issues in U.S. Education


CHAPTER EIGHT Today’s Students

CHAPTER NINE Addressing Learners’ Individual Needs

CHAPTER TEN Creating a Community of Learners

CHAPTER ELEVEN School Curricula and Standards

CHAPTER TWELVE Assessing Student Learning

CHAPTER THIRTEEN Integrating Technology into Teaching

Detailed Table of Contents

PART 1 The Teaching Profession

CHAPTER ONE Teaching: Your Chosen Profession

Why Do I Want to Teach?

Desire to Make a Difference in Students’ Lives

A Passion for Teaching

Influence of Teachers

Desire to Serve

What Are the Benefits of Teaching?

Salaries and Benefits

What Are the Challenges of Teaching?

Long Working Hours

High-Stakes Testing and Increased Accountability

Today’s Tech-Savvy Students

What Will Society Expect of Me as a Teacher?

The Public Trust

Teacher Competency and Effectiveness

Teacher Accountability

What Is the Job Outlook for Teachers?

Teaching and the National Economy

Demand for Teachers by Geographic Region and Specialty Area

What Can You Learn from Observing in Classrooms?

Technology and Classroom Observations

Focused Observations

Observation Instruments

Why Is Your Induction into Teaching Important?

Problems and Concerns of Beginning Teachers

Induction into the Profession

How Can You Gain Practical Experience for Becoming a Teacher?

Classroom Experiences

Student Teaching

Substitute Teaching

How Will I Become a Highly Qualified Teacher?

Professional Standards

Certification and Licensure

The Praxis Series

State Licensure Certification Requirements

Alternative Certification

How Can You Benefit from Having a Mentor?


Professional Reflections and Activities

CHAPTER TWO Today’s Teachers

Who Are Today’s Teachers?

Schools and Grade-Level Designations

Teachers in Nontraditional School Settings

Teachers in Specialized Areas

What Do Teachers Do in the Classroom?

Teacher as a Role Model for Students

Teacher as a Spontaneous Problem Solver

Teacher as a Reflective Thinker

What Knowledge and Skills Do Today’s Teachers Need?


Knowledge of Students

Knowledge of Subject

Knowledge of How to Use Educational Theory and Research

Knowledge of How to Integrate Technology into Teaching

Reflection and Problem Solving

To What Extent Is Teaching A Full Profession?

Institutional Monopoly of Services

Teacher Autonomy

Years of Education and Training

Provision of Essential Service

Degree of Self-Governance

Professional Knowledge and Skills

Trust in the Teaching Profession

Prestige, Benefits, and Pay

Professional Associations

To What Professional Organizations Do Teachers Belong?

The National Education Association

The American Federation of Teachers

The NEAFT Partnership

Other Professional Organizations

How Are Teacher Leaders Transforming the Profession of Teaching?

Critical Components for Transforming Teaching


Professional Reflections and Activities

CHAPTER THREE Today’s Schools

What Is the Role of Schools in Today’s Society?

Schools and Prosocial Values

Schools and Socialization of the Young

Schools and Social Change

How Can Schools Be Described?

Metaphors for Schools

What Are Schools Like as Social Institutions?

The School as a Reflection of Society

The Culture of the School

The Culture of the Classroom

What Are the Characteristics of Successful Schools?

Measures of Success

Research on School Effectiveness and School Improvement

What Social Problems Affect Schools and Place Students at Risk?

Identifying Students at Risk

Children and Poverty

Family Stress

Substance Abuse

Violence and Crime

Teen Pregnancy

Suicide Among Children and Youth

How Are Schools Addressing Societal Problems?

Peer Counseling/Mentoring

Full-Service Community Schools

School-Based Case Management

Compensatory Education

Alternative Schools and Curricula

Expanded Learning Time (ELT) Schools

How Can Community-Based Partnerships Help Students Learn?

The Community as a Resource for Schools

Schools as Resources for Communities


Professional Reflections and Activities


CHAPTER FOUR Philosophical Foundations of U.S. Education

Why Is Philosophy Important to Teachers?

What Is the Nature of Philosophy?

What Determines Your Educational Philosophy?

Beliefs About Teaching and Learning

Beliefs About Students

Beliefs About Knowledge

Beliefs About What Is Worth Knowing

What Are the Branches of Philosophy?




What Are Five Modern Philosophical Orientations to Teaching?





Social Reconstructionism

What Psychological Orientations Have Influenced Teaching Philosophies?

Humanistic Psychology



How Can You Develop Your Educational Philosophy?


Professional Reflections and Activities

CHAPTER FIVE Historical Foundations of U.S. Education

Why Is Educational History Important?

What Were the European Antecedents of American Education?

Education in Ancient Greece

Education in Ancient Rome

From the Middle Ages to the Age of Enlightenment

Educational Thought in 18th-Century Europe

What Were Teaching and Schools Like in the American Colonies (1620–1750)?

The Status of Teachers

Colonial Schools

The Origins of Mandated Education

What Were the Goals of Education During the Revolutionary Period (1750–1820)?

Benjamin Franklin’s Academy

Sarah Pierce’s Female Academy

Thomas Jefferson’s Philosophy

Noah Webster’s Speller

Education for African Americans and Native Americans

How was the Struggle Won for State-Supported Common Schools (1820–1865)?

Horace Mann’s Contributions

Reverend W. H. McGuffey’s Readers

Justin Morrill’s Land-Grant Schools

Segregation of Schools

How Did Compulsory Education Change Schools and the Teaching Profession (1865–1920)?

The Kindergarten

Schooling for African Americans

Higher Education for African Americans

The Professionalization of Teaching

What Were the Aims of Education During the Progressive Era (1920–1945)?

John Dewey’s Laboratory School

Maria Montessori’s Method

The Decline of Progressive Education

World War II and Increasing Federal Involvement in Education

How Did Education Change During the Modern Postwar Era (1945–2000)?

The 1950s: Defense Education and School Desegregation

The 1960s: The War on Poverty and the Great Society

The 1970s: Accountability and Equal Opportunity

The 1980s: A Great Debate

The 1990s: Teacher Leadership

What Are the Educational Priorities of the New Century (2000–the Present)?



Continuing the Quest for Excellence and Equity


Professional Reflections and Activities

CHAPTER SIX Governance and Finance of U.S. Schools

Why Do You Need to Understand Educational Politics?

Five Dimensions of Educational Politics

How Does the Local Community Influence Schools?

Local School District

School Board

Superintendent of Schools

The Role of Parents

School Restructuring

School-Based Management

What Powers and Influence Do States Have in Governing Schools?

The Roles of State Government in Education

State Board of Education

State Department of Education

Chief State School Officer

How Do Regional Education Agencies Assist Schools?

How Does the Federal Government Influence Education?

Federal Initiatives

U.S. Department of Education

What Role Do Teacher Leaders Play in School Governance?

Teacher Involvement in Teacher Education, Certification, and Staff Development

Teacher Leaders

Dimensions of Teacher Leadership Beyond the Classroom

How are Schools Financed in the United States?

Education Funding and the Great Recession

The Challenge of Equitable Funding

Sources of Funding

Local Funding

State Funding

Federal Funding

What Are Some Trends in Funding for Equity and Excellence?

Tax Reform and Redistricting

Vertical Equity

School Choice

Voucher Systems

Education–Business Coalitions

How Is the Privatization Movement Affecting Equity and Excellence in Education?

Charter Schools

For-Profit Schools


Professional Reflections and Activities

CHAPTER SEVEN Ethical and Legal Issues in U.S. Education

Why Do You Need to Know About Education and the Law?

Why Do You Need a Professional Code of Ethics?

Ethical Teaching Attitudes and Practices

Ethical Dilemmas in the Classroom and School

What Are Your Legal Rights as a Teacher?


Teachers’ Rights to Nondiscrimination

Teaching Contracts

Due Process in Tenure and Dismissal

Academic Freedom

Do Student Teachers Have the Same Rights as Teachers?

What Are Your Legal Responsibilities as a Teacher?

Avoiding Tort Liability

Reporting Child Abuse

Observing Copyright Laws

Teachers and Online Social Networking

What Are the Legal Rights of Students and Parents?

Freedom of Expression

Due Process in Suspension and Expulsion

Reasonable Search and Seizure


Students’ Rights to Nondiscrimination

What Are Some Issues in the Legal Rights of School Districts?

Corporal Punishment

Sexual Harassment

Cyberbullying and the Law

Religious Expression



Professional Reflections and Activities


CHAPTER EIGHT Today’s Students

How Is Diversity Reflected in the Culture of the United States?

The Meaning of Culture

Ethnicity and Race

The Concept of Minorities

Minority Groups and Academic Achievement

Stereotyping and Racism

Class and Socioeconomic Status

Religious Pluralism

What Does Equal Educational Opportunity Mean?

Education and African Americans

Education and Latino and Hispanic Americans

Education and Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders

Education and Native Americans and Alaskan Natives

What Is Meant by Bilingual Education?

Research and Debate on Bilingual Programs

Advice for Monolingual Teachers

What Is Multicultural Education?

Dimensions of Multicultural Education

Multicultural Curricula

Multicultural Instructional Materials and Strategies

How Is Gender a Dimension of Multicultural Education?

Gender Differences

Gender and Education

Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) Students

Gender-Fair Classrooms and Curricula


Professional Reflections and Activities

CHAPTER NINE Addressing Learners’ Individual Needs

How Do Students’ Needs Change as They Develop?

Piaget’s Model of Cognitive Development

Erikson’s Model of Psychosocial Development

Kohlberg’s Model of Moral Development

Maslow’s Model of a Hierarchy of Needs

Developmental Stresses and Tasks of Childhood

Developmental Stresses and Tasks of Adolescence

How Do Students Vary in Intelligence?

Intelligence Testing

Multiple Intelligences

Learning Styles

How Do Students Vary in Ability and Disability?

Students with Special Needs

What Are Special Education and Inclusion?

Special Education Laws

Meeting the Inclusion Challenge

The Debate over Inclusion

How Can You Teach All Learners in Your Inclusive Classroom?

Collaborative Consultation with Other Professionals

Partnerships with Parents

Assistive Technology for Special Learners


Professional Reflections and Activities

CHAPTER TEN Creating a Community of Learners

What Determines the Culture of the Classroom?

Classroom Climate

Classroom Dynamics

How Can You Create a Positive Learning Environment?

The Caring Classroom

The Physical Environment of the Classroom

Classroom Organization

What Are the Keys to Successful Classroom Management?

The Democratic Classroom

Preventive Planning

Effective Responses to Student Behavior

What Teaching Methods Do Effective Teachers Use?

Methods Based on Learning New Behaviors

Methods Based on Child Development

Methods Based on the Thinking Process

Methods Based on Peer-Mediated Instruction

How Do Teachers Help to Build Learning Communities?

Relationships with Students

Relationships with Colleagues and Staff

Relationships with Administrators

Relationships with Parents or Guardians

How Do Teachers Participate in Teacher Collaboration?

Peer Coaching

Professional Development

Team Teaching



Professional Reflections and Activities

CHAPTER ELEVEN School Curricula and Standards

What do Students Learn from the Curriculum?

Kinds of Curricula

Curriculum Content and Student Success

How is the School Curriculum Developed?

The Focus of Curriculum Planning

Student-Centered Versus Subject-Centered Curricula

The Integrated Curriculum

What Influences the Curriculum Development Process?

What Role will Standards Play in Your Classroom?

How is Standards-Based Education Shaping School Curricula?

Content and Performance Standards

Standards Developed by Professional Associations

Aligning Curricula and Textbooks with Standards and Curriculum Frameworks

How is the Common Core State Standards Initiative Changing U.S. Education?

The Common Core State Standards Initiative (CCSSI)

Early Reactions to the Common Core

What Controversies Surround the Effort to Raise Standards?

Arguments in Support of Raising Standards

Concerns About Raising Standards


Professional Reflections and Activities

CHAPTER TWELVE Assessing Student Learning

What is the Role of Assessment in Teaching?

Challenges of Assessing Students’ Learning

How are Standardized Assessments Used in Education?

What are “High-Stakes” Tests and Accountability?

High-Stakes Testing

What Methods will You use to Assess Student Learning?

Formal and Informal Assessments

Quantitative and Qualitative Assessment

Measurement and Evaluation

Formative and Summative Evaluation

What are Emerging Trends in Classroom Assessment?

How can you Develop High-Quality Classroom Assessments?

Scoring Rubrics

Multiple Measures of Student Learning


Professional Reflections and Activities

CHAPTER THIRTEEN Integrating Technology into Teaching

How is Technology Transforming Teaching And Learning?

Anywhere, Anytime Learning

Realizing the Full Impact of Technology on Learning

Online Schools and Online Learning

What Digital Technologies Can Be Integrated Into Teaching?

Online Social Networking

Digital Resources for Teaching and Learning

Digital Resources for Different Subject Areas

How Available and Frequently Used are the Latest Technologies in the Classroom?

Availability and Use of Technology in the Classroom

Student Use of Technology in the Classroom

What Does Research Say about Technology Integration and Student Learning?

Apple Classrooms of Tomorrow Project (ACOT)

“Wired” Students and Their Ability to Focus

Findings from Other Research Studies

What are the Challenges of Integrating Technology into Teaching?

Funding for Technology and Technical Support

High-Quality, Continuous Training in Technology for Teachers


Professional Reflections and Activities

Appendix: Preparing for Certification: Your Guide to Licensure



Name Index

Subject Index

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