ISBN-10:
0393937909
ISBN-13:
9780393937909
Pub. Date:
08/01/2014
Publisher:
Norton, W. W. & Company, Inc.
Beginning Ethics: An Introduction to Moral Philosophy

Beginning Ethics: An Introduction to Moral Philosophy

by Lewis Vaughn

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Overview

Beginning Ethics: An Introduction to Moral Philosophy

The most accessible, practical, and affordable introduction to ethical theory and moral reasoning.Beginning Ethics provides students with the theoretical and logical tools they need to navigate the ethical quandaries in their daily lives. Clear writing, practical pedagogy, an emphasis on critical thinking, and an affordable price make Beginning Ethics the perfect introduction to one of the most important courses in the college curriculum.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780393937909
Publisher: Norton, W. W. & Company, Inc.
Publication date: 08/01/2014
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 192
Sales rank: 106,618
Product dimensions: 8.40(w) x 5.40(h) x 0.60(d)

About the Author

Lewis Vaughn is an independent scholar and freelance writer living in Amherst, New York. He is the author of several leading textbooks, including Beginning Ethics: An Introduction to Moral Philosophy.

Table of Contents

Preface 11

Chapter 1 Ethics and the Moral Life 13

The Ethical Landscape 16

The Elements of Ethics 18

The Preeminence of Reason 19

The Universal Perspective 19

The Principle of Impartiality 20

The Dominance of Moral Norms 21

Religion and Morality 21

Believers Need Moral Reasoning 22

When Conflicts Arise, Ethics Steps in 23

Moral Philosophy Enables Productive Discourse 23

Keywords 26

Exercises 26

Review Questions 26

Essay Questions 27

Ethical Dilemmas 27

Chapter 2 Relativism and Emotivism 29

Subjective Relativism 31

Cultural Relativism 32

Emotivism 40

Keywords 43

Exercises 44

Review Questions 44

Essay Questions 44

Ethical Dilemmas 45

Chapter 3 Moral Arguments 46

Claims and Arguments 47

Arguments Good and Bad 51

Implied Premises 56

Moral Statements and Arguments 58

Testing Moral Premises 62

Assessing Nonmoral Premises 65

Avoiding Bad Arguments 66

Begging the Question 67

Equivocation 67

Appeal to Authority 68

Slippery Slope 68

Appeal to Emotion 69

Faulty Analogy 69

Appeal to Ignorance 70

Straw Man 71

Appeal to the Person 71

Hasty Generalization 72

Keywords 72

Exercises 74

Review Questions 74

Essay Questions 75

Argument Exercises 75

Ethical Dilemmas 76

Chapter 4 Moral Theories 78

Theories of Right and Wrong 78

Major Theories 81

Consequentialist Theories 81

Nonconsequentialist Theories 82

Evaluating Theories 84

Criterion 1 Consistency With Considered Judgments 86

Criterion 2 Consistency With Our Moral Experience 87

Criterion 3 Usefulness In Moral Problem Solving 88

Keywords 89

Exercises 90

Review Questions 90

Essay Questions 90

Ethical Dilemmas 91

Chapter 5 Ethical Egoism 92

Applying the Theory 94

Evaluating the Theory 96

Keywords 101

Exercises 101

Review Questions 101

Ethical Dilemmas 101

Chapter 6 Utilitarianism 103

Applying the Theory 109

Evaluating the Theory 110

Learning from Utilitarianism 117

Keywords 117

Exercises 118

Review Questions 118

Ethical Dilemmas 118

Chapter 7 Kantian Ethics 120

Applying the Theory 125

Evaluating the theory 126

Learning from Kant's Theory 129

Keywords 129

Exercises 130

Review Questions 130

Ethical Dilemmas 130

Chapter 8 Natural Law Theory 132

Applying the Theory 135

Evaluating the Theory 137

Learning from Natural Law 138

Keyword 139

Exercises 139

Review Questions 139

Ethical Dilemmas 140

Chapter 9 Social Contract Theory 141

Hobbes's Theory 142

Pluses and Minuses 144

Keyword 146

Exercises 146

Review Questions 146

Ethical Dilemmas 147

Chapter 10 The Feminist Challenge 148

Feminist Ethics 149

The Ethics of Care 151

Keywords 152

Exercises 152

Review Questions 152

Essay Questions 153

Ethical Dilemmas 153

Chapter 11 Virtue Ethics 155

Virtue in Action 157

Evaluating Virtue Ethics 158

Learning from Virtue Ethics 161

Keywords 162

Exercises 163

Review Questions 163

Ethical Dilemmas 163

Chapter 12 A Moral Theory 165

Moral Common Sense 165

Building a Moral Theory 166

Prima Facie Principles 167

Three Rules 169

Self-Evidence 174

Keywords 176

Exercises 176

Review Questions 176

Essay Questions 177

Ethical Dilemmas 177

Further Reading 179

Glossary 185

Index 189

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