Behavior Change in the Human Services: Behavioral and Cognitive Principles and Applications

Behavior Change in the Human Services: Behavioral and Cognitive Principles and Applications

by Martin Sundel, Sandra S. Sundel

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781483384610
Publisher: SAGE Publications
Publication date: 02/15/2017
Edition description: Sixth Edition
Pages: 472
Product dimensions: 7.10(w) x 10.00(h) x 0.70(d)

About the Author

Martin Sundel is the director of Clinical Services for Sun Family Care, a company
that provides care management and counseling to older adults. He was the Dulak
Professor of Social Work at the University of Texas at Arlington and also served on
the faculties of the University of Michigan, the University of Louisville, and Florida
International University. He holds a Ph D in social work and psychology from the
University of Michigan and was a postdoctoral fellow at the Laboratory of
Community Psychiatry at Harvard Medical School. He is a Charter Clinical Fellow
of the Behavior Therapy and Research Society and has been recognized as a pioneer
in introducing behavior therapy in Latin America. He has published extensively on
the application of behavioral science knowledge to the helping professions. An avid
table tennis player, he has won three national championships and silver and bronze
medals in international tournaments.




Sandra S. Sundel is the president and CEO of Sun Family Care. She was formerly on
the social work faculty at Florida Atlantic University. She was executive director of
family service agencies in Florida and Texas, and also served as executive director of
group homes for adults with developmental disabilities in Texas. She holds an
MSSW from the University of Louisville and a Ph D in clinical social work from the
University of Texas at Arlington. She has taught courses in social work practice,
behavior therapy, interpersonal communication, and group work, and has conducted
numerous workshops and seminars. She has consulted with corporations,
government agencies, and nonprofit organizations on organizational behavior
management and interpersonal communication in the workplace. As mental health
consultants to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) in
Cyprus, Sandra and Martin designed and implemented a psychosocial rehabilitation
project to foster collaborative relationships between Greek and Turkish Cypriots.

Table of Contents

Preface
To the Student: How to Use This Book
Course Materials
Case Examples
The Chapters
The Course Posttest
Scoring the Pretest and Posttests
Recommendations for Instructor Use of This Book
Introduction
Three Generations of Behavior Change
Origins of the Behavior Change Approach
Characteristics of the Behavior Change Approach
Applications of the Behavior Change Approach
Journals and Professional Organizations
References and Resources
1. Specifying Behavior
Objectives
Overt and Covert Behaviors
Clarifying Vague Terms and Fuzzy Language
Target Behavior
Measuring Response Strength
The Behavioral Assessment Approach
Summary
Suggested Activities
Chapter Posttest Questions
References and Resources
2. Positive Reinforcement
Objectives
Reinforcing Stimuli
Examples of Positive Reinforcement
Reinforcers and Rewards
Factors That Influence Reinforcer Effectiveness
How to Identify Potential Reinforcers
Reinforcer Sampling
How to Evaluate the Effect of a Stimulus as a Positive Reinforcer
Reinforcement of Behavior: Social, Tangible, and Self-Administered
Summary
Suggested Activities
Chapter Posttest Questions
References and Resources
3. Extinction
Objectives
Decreasing Response Strength
Single-Subject Evaluation Designs
Applying Extinction to Decrease Undesired Behaviors
Ethical Considerations
Effects of Extinction
Consistency and Control of Reinforcement
Positive Reinforcement of Appropriate Behaviors
Spontaneous Recovery
Summary
Suggested Activities
Chapter Posttest Questions
References and Resources
4. Positive Reinforcement Contingencies
Objectives
Behavioral Contingencies and Positive Reinforcement
Contingency Contracting
Accidental Reinforcement Contingencies
Self-Control Reinforcement Contingencies
The Premack Principle
Continuous and Intermittent Reinforcement
Characteristics of Various Schedules of Reinforcement
Matching Law
Summary
Suggested Activities
Chapter Posttest Questions
References and Resources
5. Shaping and Response Differentiation
Objectives
Differential Reinforcement
Response Class
The DRO Procedure
Shaping With Successive Approximations
Summary
Suggested Activities
Chapter Posttest Questions
References and Resources
6. Stimulus Control: Discrimination and Generalization
Objectives
Antecedents
The Discrimination Training Procedure
Stimulus Control
Rule-Governed Behavior
Stimulus Fading
Stimulus Generalization
Summary
Suggested Activities
Chapter Posttest Questions
References and Resources
7. Conditioned Reinforcement and Chaining
Objectives
Conditioned Reinforcement
Simple and Generalized Conditioned Reinforcers
Establishing a Conditioned Reinforcer
Reinforcement History
Establishing Relationships With Clients
Fading Out Unconditioned Reinforcers
Token Economy
Stimulus-Response Chains
Developing New Behaviors Using Chaining
Response Priming
Summary
Suggested Activities
Chapter Posttest Questions
References and Resources
8. Modeling and Imitation
Objectives
The Role of Modeling and Imitation in the Acquisition of Behaviors
Modeling Versus Shaping
The Modeling Plus Positive Reinforcement Procedure
Social Skills Training
Assertiveness Training
Summary
Suggested Activities
Chapter Posttest Questions
References and Resources
9. Punishment
Objectives
Punishment Defined
Aversive Stimuli and Punishers
Positive Punishment
Physical Punishment and Spanking
Negative Punishment
Extinction and Negative Punishment
Time-Out
Maximizing the Effectiveness of Punishment
Overcorrection
Punishment and Self-Control
Disadvantages of Punishment
Alternatives to Punishment
The Future of Punishment
Summary
Suggested Activities
Chapter Posttest Questions
References and Resources
10. Negative Reinforcement
Objectives
Negative Reinforcers, Punishers, and Aversive Stimuli
Escape Behavior
Escape and Punishment
Avoidance Behavior
Phobias and Negative Reinforcement
Superstitious Behavior and Negative Reinforcement
Negative Reinforcement and Interpersonal Relationships
Summary
Suggested Activities
Chapter Posttest Questions
References and Resources
11. Respondent Conditioning
Objectives
Respondent Behavior
Respondent Conditioning
Emotional Behavior
Respondent Conditioning of Phobias
Escape, Avoidance, and Respondent Conditioning
Operant and Respondent Control of Behaviors
Summary
Suggested Activities
Chapter Posttest Questions
References and Resources
12. Generalization and Maintenance of Behavior Change
Objectives
Generalization and Maintenance of Behavior Change
Obstacles to the Generalization and Maintenance of Behavior Change
Strategies for Promoting the Generalization and Maintenance of Behavior Change
Summary
Suggested Activities
Chapter Posttest Questions
References and Resources
13. Behavioral Assessment
Objectives
Introduction to Behavioral Assessment
Cultural Diversity and Cultural Competency
Elements of Behavioral Assessment
Collecting RAC-S Data
Interviews and Assessment Instruments
Functional Behavioral Assessment
Identifying Controlling Relationships With RAC-S
Case Study
Summary
Suggested Activities
Chapter Posttest Questions
References and Resources
14. Goal Setting, Intervention Planning, Implementation, and Evaluation
Objectives
Formulating Behavior Change Goals
Developing the Intervention Plan
Implementation of the Behavior Change Program
Evaluating the Effectiveness of the Behavior Change Program
Behaviorally Oriented Record Keeping
Client Satisfaction
Social Validity
Outline of the Problem-Solving Framework
Summary
Suggested Activities
Chapter Posttest Questions
References and Resources
15. Clinical Application of Behavioral and Cognitive Intervention Techniques
Objectives
Exposure Techniques
Habit Reversal Training
Aversion Therapy
Cognitive-Behavioral Techniques
Behavioral Activation Therapy
Third-Generation Behavior Change Approaches
Mindfulness-Based Interventions
Considerations in Choosing Intervention Techniques
Conclusion
Summary
Suggested Activities
Chapter Posttest Questions
References and Resources
Appendix 1: Case Examples
Appendix 2: Chapter Pretest Questions
Appendix 3: Chapter Pretest Answers
Appendix 4: Chapter Posttest Answers
Appendix 5: Course Posttest Questions
Appendix 6: Course Posttest Answers
Appendix 7: Notational Symbols and Behavioral Diagrams
Glossary
Author Index
Subject Index
About the Authors

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