Betrayal: The Crisis in the Catholic Churchby The Boston Globe, Ben Bradlee Jr. (Foreword by)
They were the men most trusted: Father Geoghan, Father Birmingham, Father Shanley, Father Trupia, and hundreds of others. They were the rulers of the Catholic Church: Cardinal Law, Cardinal Egan, Cardinal Mahony, and others. They promised to live by the gospel and to care for their parishioners. And they were believed. Now, the investigative staff of the Boston Globe delivers the full, devastating account of the Church's decades-long cover-up that has left millions of American Catholics shocked and angry. Spanning the United States and the entire Church hierarchy, Betrayal tells the story of scores of abusive priests who preyed upon innocent children, and the cabal of senior Church officials who covered up their crimes. When accused, abusive priests were quietly whisked away by Church officials to new parishes. While Church leaders were excessively compassionate toward priests who were alleged to have raped children, they treated the victims with scorn and cold indifference. Politicians, police, and prosecutors often deferred to the Church, allowing habitual abusers shelter and escape. The Church secretly paid out more than $1.3 billion in "hush money" to buy victims' silence -- and thus keep tens of millions of Catholics from knowing the truth about the men who ran their parishes.
It was the Boston Globe in January 2002 that broke the story of how the Boston archdiocese coddled pedophile priest John Geoghan, triggering the scandal within the Catholic Church, and throughout the crisis the Globe has continued to lead the media in reporting on major developments. Betrayal adds new, never-before-disclosed details. It shows exactly how and to where abusive priests were shuffled, as well as who knew about the problem and did nothing to stop it. Betrayal also explores the nature of sexual abuse and whether a disproportionate number of abusers are found in the priesthood -- and, if so, why. And the book paints a vivid picture of the struggle ahead, as Catholics confront their Church and call for sweeping change.
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He was a small, wiry man with a disarming smile that, from a distance, gave him the gentle bearing of a kindly uncle or a friendly neighborhood shopkeeper. It was hard to detect the darkness behind John Geoghan's bright eyes.At first glance, almost no one did.
Frank Leary certainly didn't see it. The fifth of six children being raised by a single mother on welfare, Leary was thirteen years old and had yet to learn his older brothers' tricks for ditching Mass on Sunday mornings when he first encountered Geoghan in the late spring of 1974. The priest's smiling face was already a fixture at the back of St. Andrew's Church in the Jamaica Plain section of Boston.After Mass, the parish priest would hug the mothers, shake hands with the fathers, and deliver soft pats to the backs of the children.
"He always had a big grin—it was as wide as his face," Leary recalled.
"My mother liked him. He was very popular. He was like a little imp." Leary said hello to the priest, received his friendly tap across the shoulder blades, and didn't focus on Geoghan again until the summer.
The rectory groundskeeper was Leary's friend, and Leary helped out a couple times a week, raking freshly mowed grass or gathering hedge clippings in a wheelbarrow. It was taxing work under an August sun, and one afternoon Geoghan bounded down the short steps of the rectory, offering a tall, cool glass of lemonade. Leary thanked the priest but demurred. He didn't like lemonade. But the priest insisted, and sweetened the offer. He had a wonderful stamp collection that the boy might enjoy. Soon the priest and the boy were upstairs in Geoghan's room at the rectory.
Leary sat in a large leather chair in the middle of the room, and the priest handed him an oversized book that contained the stamp collection. The priest went to the back of the room, keeping up a constant, reassuring patter. The collection did not hold the boy's interest, but Geoghan pressed the matter. "He said,'Here, I'll show you a few things.' And he had me get up and he sat down and I sat on his lap," said Leary. The priest placed his hand on Leary's knee and started turning pages that were a blur to the boy. Geoghan told him that his mother had suggested the visit. But still, Geoghan said, they should keep it a secret. All the while the priest's hand climbed farther up Leary's leg, until it reached under his cotton shorts and beneath his underwear.
"He was touching me, fondling me. I'm frozen. I didn't know what the hell was going on. He was talking constantly. He said, 'Shut the book. Close your eyes.We'll say the Hail Mary.' And that's what I did." But before the prayer was finished, the boy darted from the room, hurried down the stairs, and found himself shaking behind the church.
Within a week or so, it happened again. Leary was sweeping concrete next to the church when Geoghan walked up, put his arm around the teenager, and told him how special he was. The priest then ushered Leary back into the rectory, where, Leary later said, he saw a scowling nun standing at the foot of the stairs.
Geoghan swept past the nun and directed Leary to the same chair in which the first attack had occurred. The shades were drawn against the summertime brightness. At first, the priest stood behind him, placing his hands on Leary's shoulders. He asked the boy to begin reciting the most familiar prayers of the Catholic faith: the Our Father and the Hail Mary. "I'm praying and I've got my eyes closed. And he moves over to the chair and pulls my pants down one leg. And I couldn't move. I was frozen. He had his shoulder on my chest at this point. He was praying too. And I was saying prayers, following him. I'm shaking. I felt very, very strange. I couldn't do anything."
Geoghan moved down the young boy's body and began to perform oral sex on him. "I was trying to hold back the tears and keep saying my prayers and keep my eyes closed. I didn't see him do that. I remember being pushed back in my chair."
The assault did not last long. Perhaps only a minute, Leary estimated, before it was interrupted by a sudden commotion. "Geoghan stood straight up. The door flew open. And a priest with longish white hair started yelling at him. 'Jack, we told you not to do this up here! What the hell are you doing! Are you nuts?' He was yelling and screaming, and I just remember floating out of that chair."
Leary fled to a tree-shaded spot behind the school and tried to regain his composure. He sat for a while in a local cemetery, and when he finally went home, he went directly to his room. He didn't tell anyone about the assault for many years.
Geoghan had been a Catholic priest for a dozen years at the time Leary says Geoghan sexually assaulted him. As he moved through parishes in and around Boston-from the edges of the city to the tony suburbs beyond-he was known as "Father Jack" to the people in the pews. He baptized their babies. He celebrated their weddings. He prayed over their dead, sprinkling the caskets with holy water. On Saturday afternoons, he sat in the dark and, from behind a screen, listened to their sins and meted out their penance. On Sunday mornings, he delivered the word of God to them.
For faithful Catholic mothers, especially those struggling to raise a large family by themselves, Geoghan seemed a godsend. He was there on their doorsteps with an offer to help. He'd take their sons out for ice cream. He'd read to them at bedtime. He would pray with them beside their beds.He would tuck them in for the night.
And then, in the near darkness, their parish priest would fondle them in their nightclothes, pressing a finger to his lips and swearing them to secrecy.
"He looked like a little altar boy," said Maryetta Dussourd, who eagerly and proudly allowed Geoghan access to the small apartment where she lived with her daughter, three sons, and four of their cousins in Jamaica Plain. Geoghan was a calculating predator whose deceptive charm opened many doors.
As he sits today in oversized prison-issued clothing, John J. Geoghan is perhaps the nation's most conspicuous example of a sexually abusive member of the clergy, not just because of the stunning number of his victims—nearly two hundred have come forward so far—but because of the delicate and deceptive way the Church handled his sins. For more than two decades, even as two successive cardinals and dozens of Church officials in the Boston archdiocese learned that Geoghan could not control his compulsion to attack children, Geoghan found extraordinary solace in the Church's culture of secrecy.
"Yours has been an effective life of ministry, sadly impaired by illness. On behalf of those you have served well, and in my own name, I would like to thank you," Cardinal Bernard F. Law wrote to Geoghan in 1996, long after the priest's assaults had been detected. "I understand yours is a painful situation. The passion we share can indeed seem unbearable and unrelenting. We are our best selves when we respond in honesty and trust. God bless you, Jack."
Geoghan was one among many. And while the breadth of his assaults was vast, they were perhaps not as horrific as those committed by fellow priests who in some cases violently raped their young prey and then shooed them away as they resumed their priestly ministry. If it was a secret to the daily communicants and the congregations that filled the churches on Sunday mornings, it was common knowledge among Church leaders, who heard the anguished pleas from the mothers and fathers of children abused by priests. They promised to address the problem. They vowed they would not let it happen again.And then they did.
When Maryetta Dussourd discovered that Geoghan was molesting her boys—one of them just four years old—she found no solace from her friends or her church. Fellow parishioners shunned her. They accused her of provoking scandal. Church officials implored her to keep quiet. It was for the sake of the children, they said. Don't sue, they warned her. They told her that no one would believe her.
"Everything you have taught your child about God and safety and trust—it is destroyed," said Dussourd, whose claims against the Church were settled in a 1997 confidential agreement—like scores of others in which the victims received money and the Church obtained their silence.
Until January 2002, when this scandal erupted, priests were the men whose Roman collars conferred upon them the reflexive trust of parents who considered it an honor to have them in their homes. That was certainly how it had been with Geoghan. On warm summer days when he arrived without notice and offered to take their little boys out for ice cream cones, they swelled with pride and wished the priest well on his outing with their kids.When he showed up on their doorstep at night offering bedtime stories, they were certain that God had smiled on their children.
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A Pulitzer Prize is awaiting the 'Boston Globe' and its investigative reporters who assiduously pursued the sex abuse story of Boston area Catholic priests. Their excellent compilation of information published as 'Betrayal' is a necessary read for all who want to root out child abuse in our society, for all believing people wo love the church, and for all who are seeking to reform the church according to Vactican II. The chapter 'His Eminence' is the best information available on the secrative bishop of Boston, but it fails to tell what happened in Law's life at Harvard in the early 1950s that moved him to pursue the priesthood. Was it the fanatical preaching of the Catholic chaplain at Harvard, Leonard Feeney? How did Law relate to his roommates and the general Harvard environment? Law is almost unique among the Catholic hierarchy in never getting an advanced degree in any discipline. As Ben Bradley Jr., the duputy managing editor at the 'Globe,' wrote in his foreward '... the story is still unfording, and will likely take years before all the facts are known....' The reporters should now follow the evidence of 'sex rings' among the Boston clergy.
To any who have wondered how the sexual abuse scandal in the Catholic Church was allowed to mushroom into such huge proportions, this is a must read. This explains details of the secrecy and coverup, which in many ways make the actions of the individual priests pale in comparison to the gravities of the offenses committed by the heirarchy that leads the church.