Between East and West: The Moluccas and the Traffic in Spices up to the Arrival of Europeans

Between East and West: The Moluccas and the Traffic in Spices up to the Arrival of Europeans

by R. A. Donkin

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Overview

Donkin (historical geography, U. of Cambridge) begins his study of spices and sandalwood from the eastern Indian Ocean archipelago with their natural history and oriental nomenclature, and the discover of the Moluccas by Europeans. Then he traces the expanding interest and long-distance trade in cloves, nutmegs, and sandalwood, first apparently to India at an indeterminately early date, and from there to the adjacent Arabo-Persian world, the Medieval West, and China. Annotation ©2004 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780871692481
Publisher: American Philosophical Society
Publication date: 08/28/2003
Series: Memoirs of the American Philosophical So
Pages: 274

Table of Contents

List of Mapsxi
List of Figuresxiii
Acknowledgmentsxv
Prologuexvii
Chapter 1Nature, Nomenclature, and Discovery of the Moluccas by Europeans
Natural History1
The Clove: Eugenia caryophyllus1
Description and Distribution1
Biology and Ecology4
Yield and Preparation6
The Nutmeg: Myristica fragrans7
Description and Distribution7
Biology and Ecology12
Yield and Preparation13
Sandalwood: Santalum album13
Description and Distribution13
Biology and Ecology17
Yield and Preparation18
Scientific Nomenclature19
Clove19
Nutmeg19
Sandalwood19
Folk Nomenclature20
Clove20
Nutmeg22
Sandalwood23
Discovery of the Moluccas by Europeans24
Notes32
Chapter 2India
Age and Area47
Clove53
Nutmeg53
Sandalwood54
Nomenclature54
Clove54
Nutmeg55
Sandalwood55
Use of Moluccan Spices56
Aromata56
Materia Medica58
Farther India: India extra Gangem59
Language60
Legend60
Toponyms61
Sanskritic Inscriptions62
Tamil Literature, Coins, and Inscriptions64
Religion67
Motivation70
Notes72
Chapter 3The Arabo-Persian World
Nomenclature85
Clove85
Nutmeg87
Sandalwood87
Maluku and the Spice Islands87
Supply of Moluccan Spices89
Use of Moluccan Spices93
Aromata93
Materia Medica94
Notes96
Chapter 4The Medieval West
Spices and Aromata105
Supply105
Sources of Information106
Means of Dispersal and Centers of Consumption108
Nomenclature108
Clove108
Nutmeg109
Sandalwood110
Byzantium and the Asiatic Antecedents of s111
Introduction of Cloves to Northern Europe in the Early Middle Ages116
Use of Moluccan Spices120
Food and Wine120
Materia Medica121
Trade in Moluccan Spices124
Notes130
Chapter 5China and South East Asia
People and Ships143
China151
The Yueh, the K'un-lun and Fu-nan153
Aromata155
Clove156
Nutmeg159
Sandalwood160
Indonesia162
Before Sri Vijaya162
Sri Vijaya163
Java: Kadiri, Singhasari, Majapahit164
Regional Trade165
Use of Clove, Nutmeg and Sandalwood173
Notes174
Epilogue187
Notes190
Bibliography of Works Cited191
Indices239
Persons241
Places and Regions247
Biological Categories: Orders to Species257
Ethnics259
Titles of Works Quoted in the Text263
General267

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