ISBN-10:
0791460800
ISBN-13:
9780791460801
Pub. Date:
09/28/2003
Publisher:
State University of New York Press
Beverwijck: A Dutch Village on the American Frontier, 1652-1664

Beverwijck: A Dutch Village on the American Frontier, 1652-1664

by Janny Venema

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Overview

Beverwijck: A Dutch Village on the American Frontier, 1652-1664

Paints a detailed picture of everyday life in an early American community.

Beverwijck explores the rich history and Dutch heritage of one of North America’s oldest cities—Albany, New York. Drawing on documents translated from the colonial Dutch as well as maps, architectural drawings, and English-language sources, Janny Venema paints a lively picture of everyday life in colonial America.

In 1652, Petrus Stuyvesant, director general of New Netherland, established a court at Fort Orange, on the west side of New York State’s upper Hudson River. The area within three thousand feet of the fort became the village of Beverwijck. From the time of its establishment until 1664, when the English conquered New Netherland and changed the name of the settlement to Albany, Beverwijck underwent rapid development as newly wealthy traders, craftsmen, and other workers built houses, roads, bridges, and a school, as well as a number of inns. A well-organized system of poor relief also helped less wealthy settlers survive in the harsh colonial conditions. Venema’s careful research shows that although Beverwijck resembled villages in the Dutch Republic in many ways, it quickly took on features of the new, “American” society that was already coming into being.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780791460801
Publisher: State University of New York Press
Publication date: 09/28/2003
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 528
Product dimensions: 6.25(w) x 9.50(h) x (d)

About the Author

Janny Venema is a Project Associate at the New Netherland Project, which is responsible for translating the official records of the Dutch colony and promoting awareness of the Dutch role in American history.

Table of Contents

(Abridged)

Acknowledgments
Glossary

Introduction

Problem defined
Historiography and definition
Method and sources

I: Constructing a village: material planning

Van Slichtenhorst, Rensselaerswijck, and the Indians
Planning a center for Rensselaerswijck
Development of Beverwijck
Constructions of general interest to the community
Conclusion

II: Beverwijck: Creating an orderly village

Beverwijck's society
Stabilizing factors in a new society: The state
Stabilizing factors in a new society: The church
A new environment: Contacts with Indians
Conclusion

III: The Van Rensselaers as commercial entrepreneurs

Trade in the upper Hudson
The Van Rensselaers and the trade
Place in the community; Life style
Conclusion

IV: Successful burghers

Dirck Jansz Croon
Pieter Hartgers
Volckert Jansz
Philip Pietersz Schuyler
Sander Leendertsz Glen
Conclusion

V: Busy workers

Blacksmiths and gunstock makers
Bakers
Brewers
Tavern keepers
Conclusion

VI: Strategies of survival

Living conditions
Poverty: definition and size
Organization of poor relief in Beverwijck
Strategy
Methods
Supervision
The poor in the community
Conclusion

Conclusion
Abbreviations
Notes
Appendices
Unpublished primary sources
Bibliography
Samenvatting
List of maps and illustrations
Personal Name index
Geographical index
Curriculum Vitae

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