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Beyond Common Sense: Psychological Science in the Courtroom / Edition 1
     

Beyond Common Sense: Psychological Science in the Courtroom / Edition 1

by Susan T. Fiske, Eugene Borgida
 

ISBN-10: 1405145730

ISBN-13: 9781405145732

Pub. Date: 12/14/2007

Publisher: Wiley

Psychological science challenges and sometimes contradicts common sense ideas about stereotyping, prejudice, discrimination, and other behavioral domains that intersect with legal processes such as eyewitness identification, repressed memories, polygraph testing, and affirmative action. Beyond Common Sense confronts the public’s often erroneous beliefs

Overview

Psychological science challenges and sometimes contradicts common sense ideas about stereotyping, prejudice, discrimination, and other behavioral domains that intersect with legal processes such as eyewitness identification, repressed memories, polygraph testing, and affirmative action. Beyond Common Sense confronts the public’s often erroneous beliefs about human behavior in legal contexts like the courtroom. Featuring original chapters written by leading experts in psychological science, each chapter identifies areas of scientific agreement and disagreement and discusses how psychological science advances an understanding of human behavior beyond what is accessible by common sense and intuitive beliefs. The book concludes with commentaries written by leading social science and law scholars that discuss key legal and scientific themes and illustrate how psychological science is, or can be, used in the courts and in other policy contexts.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781405145732
Publisher:
Wiley
Publication date:
12/14/2007
Pages:
448
Product dimensions:
6.30(w) x 9.30(h) x 1.21(d)

Table of Contents

Notes on Contributors     ix
Foreword   Mahzarin R. Banaji     xxi
Acknowledgments     xxvii
Introduction   Eugene Borgida   Susan T. Fiske     xxix
Psychological Science on Stereotyping, Prejudice, and Discrimination     1
Race, Crime, and Antidiscrimination   R. Richard Banks   Jennifer L. Eberhardt   Lee Ross     3
Discrimination in America and Legal Strategies for Reducing It   Faye J. Crosby   John F. Dovidio     23
The Young Science of Prejudice Against Older Adults: Established Answers and Open Questions About Ageism   Todd D. Nelson     45
Gender Prejudice: On the Risks of Occupying Incongruent Roles   Alice H. Eagly   Anne M. Koenig     63
From the Laboratory to the Bench: Gender Stereotyping Research in the Courtroom   Laurie A. Rudman   Peter Glick   Julie E. Phelan     83
(Un)common Knowledge: The Legal Viability of Sexual Harassment Research   Louise F. Fitzgerald   Linda L. Collinsworth     103
Subjectivity in the Appraisal Process: A Facilitator of Gender Bias in Work Settings   Madeline E. Heilman   Michelle C. Haynes     127
Psychological Science on Legal System Processes     157
Eyewitness Identification: Issues in Common Knowledge and Generalization   Gary L. Wells   Lisa E. Hasel     159
Repressed and Recovered Memory   Elizabeth F. Loftus   Maryanne Garry   Harlene Hayne     177
Expert Testimony on the Psychology of Confessions: A Pyramidal Framework of the Relevant Science   Saul M. Kassin     195
Polygraph Testing   William G. Iacono     219
Social Science and the Evolving Standards of Death Penalty Law   Phoebe C. Ellsworth   Samuel R. Gross     237
Pretrial Publicity: Effects, Remedies, and Judicial Knowledge   Margaret Bull Kovera   Sarah M. Greathouse     261
Media Violence, Aggression, and Public Policy   Craig A. Anderson   Douglas A. Gentile     281
Commentaries     301
The Limits of Science in the Courtroom   David L. Faigman     303
Research on Eyewitness Testimony and False Confessions   Margaret A. Berger     315
Commentary on Research Relevant to Sex Discrimination and Sexual Harassment   Barbara A. Gutek     327
The Tenuous Bridge Between Research and Reality: The Importance of Research Design in Inferences Regarding Work Behavior   Frank J. Landy      341
Psychological Contributions to Evaluating Witness Testimony   Shari Seidman Diamond     353
Beyond Common-sense Understandings of Sex and Race Discrimination   R. Richard Banks     367
Behavioral Realism in Law: Reframing the Discussion About Social Science's Place in Antidiscrimination Law and Policy   Linda Hamilton Krieger     383
Index     399

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