Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (15 October 1844 - 25 August 1900) was a German philosopher, cultural critic, poet, philologist, and Latin and Greek scholar whose work has exerted a profound influence on Western philosophy and modern intellectual history. He began his career as a classical philologist before turning to philosophy. He became the youngest ever to hold the Chair of Classical Philology at the University of Basel in 1869, at the age of 24.
Era: 19th-century philosophy
Region: Western philosophy
Continental philosophy, German idealism, Metaphysical voluntarism
Aesthetics, Anti-foundationalism, Atheism, Ethics, Existentialism, Fact-value distinction, Metaphysics, Nihilism, Ontology, Philosophy of history, Poetry, Psychology, Tragedy, Value theory, Voluntarism
Apollonian and Dionysian, Übermensch, Ressentiment "Will to power", "God is dead", Eternal return, Amor fati, Herd instinct, Tschandala, "Last man", Perspectivism, Master-slave morality, Transvaluation of values. Nietzschean affirmation "genealogy"
Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Heraclitus Johann Gottfried Herder, the French moralists, Voltaire, Friedrich Wilhelm Ritschl, Arthur Schopenhauer, Charles Darwin, Baruch Spinoza, Richard Wagner, Johann Joachim Winckelmann
Theodor W. Adorno, Roland Barthes, Georges Bataille, Jean Baudrillard, Menno ter Braak, Judith Butler, Joseph Campbell, Albert Camus, Emil Cioran, Gilles Deleuze, Jacques Derrida, Julius Evola, Michel Foucault, Sigmund Freud, Muhammad Iqbal, Karl Jaspers, Carl Jung, Anthony Ludovici, H. L. Mencken, Jordan Peterson, Ayn Rand, Rainer Maria Rilke, Jean-Paul Sartre, Leo Strauss, Bernard Williams, Nassim Nicholas Taleb, Simon Vestdijk