Biblical Criticism on Trial: How Scientific Is Scientific Theology?

Biblical Criticism on Trial: How Scientific Is Scientific Theology?

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780825430886
Publisher: Kregel Publications
Publication date: 11/28/2001
Pages: 224
Product dimensions: 5.50(w) x 8.40(h) x 0.60(d)

About the Author

Robert W. Yarbrough (Ph.D., University of Aberdeen) is chair of the New Testament department and associate professor of New Testament at Trinity Evangelical Divinity School. He has edited, authored, coauthored, or translated several books, including three by Eta Linnemann and a biography of Adolf Schlatter. He has also contributed articles on Schlatter to reference works.

Table of Contents

Foreword10
To my readers10
To my critics12
Translator's Preface15
Chapter 1The Lost Gospel of Q--Fact or Fantasy?18
A.What is Q?20
B.What can we know for sure about Q?21
C.The origin of Q23
D.What about the Synoptic Gospels?25
E.What about Thomas?28
F.Q: the Lost Gospel--Fact or Fantasy?30
Chapter 2Another Look at the Synoptic Problem42
A.Supplement to the quantitative analysis of Mark's gospel42
B.Vocabulary in identical words of parallel verses that is not relevant for literary dependence44
C.The Synoptics and the Septuagint47
D.Does Mark's gospel reflect a more primitive level of language than the gospels of Matthew and Luke?50
E.Isn't there, nevertheless, literary dependence among the Synoptic Gospels? The arguments of Robert H. Stein52
F.The synoptic structure of Mark's gospel61
Chapter 3Pauline Authorship and Vocabulary Statistics74
A.Word lists and vocabulary statistics as proof of authenticity74
B.Word occurrence in the Pauline letters--the presupposition for objective statistical argumentation in questions of genuineness86
Chapter 4"Inauthentic" New Testament Writings: Scientific Findings or a Witch Trial?100
A.Linguistic argumentation102
1.Hapax legomena as evidence for inauthenticity102
2.Word lists of typical terms whose occurrence speaks against authenticity106
3.Word lists of typical terms whose absence speaks against authenticity109
4.Lists of stylistic distinctives whose absence or presence speaks against authenticity110
B.Literary dependence113
1.The Epistle to the Ephesians113
2.Second Thessalonians118
3.Second Peter122
C.Historical placement126
1.The Epistle to the Ephesians126
2.The Pastoral Epistles128
3.The Epistle of James132
4.First Peter134
5.Second Peter136
6.The Epistle of Jude137
D.Theological classification138
1.The Epistle to the Ephesians140
2.The Epistle to the Colossians142
3.Second Thessalonians148
4.The Pastoral Epistles150
E.Description of phenomena with expressions that can be neither objectified nor quantified152
1.The Epistle to the Ephesians152
2.The Epistle to the Colossians152
3.Second Thessalonians152
4.The Pastoral Epistles153
5.The Epistle of James154
6.First Peter156
F.Results157
Chapter 5The Quantitative Structure of the Vocabulary of the New Testament164
A.Absolute quantities in the entire New Testament and in individual New Testament writings164
1.Singles and multies164
2.Hapax legomena, mia-graphe legomena, and poly-graphe legomena166
3.The monos167
B.The relative quantities: solos, partials, and completes--the parallel structure in the Scripture groups167
C.The importance of the quantitative structure for comparison of vocabulary in writings or groups of writings demonstrated by examples168
1.Structural analysis of Markan vocabulary168
2.Quantitative investigations of the vocabulary of Paul's letters169
D.Factors that are important for the quantitative structure of the vocabulary of a writing174
1.The author174
2.The addressee174
3.Theme174
4.Range175
5.The author's circumstances175
E.Summary175
Chapter 6Evangelical and Historical-Critical Theology177
A.The foundations177
1.The concept of "theology" is not used univocally but equivocally177
2.The roots of historical-critical theology178
3.Evangelical theology--what it is, and what it should be179
B.The implementation182
1.Historical-critical theology = scientific theology? Claim and reality182
2.Evangelical theology and the claim to scientific character188
C.A new beginning190
1.Theological thinking rooted in God's Word and oriented toward the triune God190
2.Scholarly labor as brotherly service190
3.Theological work that is faithful to the Bible is independent in the way it poses its questions as well as in its methods191
4.Theological work that is faithful to the Bible as critical assessment of historical-critical theology's supporting pillars193
D.A new concept194
1.Solidarity and division of labor195
2.Weighing research projects and considering priorities195
3.Personal contribution to the international research structure197
a.General197
b.Biblical theology198
(1)Attaining independence in dating198
(2)Basic investigation into questions of introduction198
(3)New Testament199
(4)Research of comparative material from the history of religion200
c.Church history203
4.Realization of solidarity through transparency and information205
Chapter 7Results210
Bibliography212
Index214

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