The proposed volume attempts to understand how forms of bio-innovation might be linked to the problem of poverty and its reduction through an inquiry into a number of empirical cases of present-day bio-innovations in Asia. Conditions and circumstances in countries like Cambodia, China, India, Korea, Nepal, Philippines, and Thailand are quite different and provide a mosaic of varied experiences in bio-innovation that include shrimp farming, GMO cotton, bio gas, organic farming, and vaccines.
Offering important insights into various forms of bio-innovation efforts and their effects on poverty alleviation, this volume is divided into three major themes that organize the main sections of the book—benefits for the poor: actual, direct, and prospective benefits for the poor; absence of positive impacts and institutional constraints; pro-poor drivers and embedding in anti-poverty alleviation.
The central questions addressed here are:
• Ways and circumstances in which certain forms of bio-innovations affect the poor and enable poverty alleviation.
• Critical factors and conditions for improving the positive impact of bio-innovations on poverty alleviation.
• Poverty alleviation goals should be the point of departure in rationalizing, identifying and designing appropriate and relevant bio-innovation programs.
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About the Author
Edsel E Sajor is Associate Professor, School of Environment, Resources and Development, Asian Institute of Technology, Thailand.
Bernadette P Resurrección is Senior Research Fellow, Stockholm Environment Institute, Thailand.
Sudip K Rakshit is Professor, Canada Research Chair and Interim Director Biorefining Research Institute, Canada.
Table of ContentsIntroduction - Edsel E Sajor, Bernadette Resurrección and Sudip K RakshitI: ACTUAL, DIRECT AND PROSPECTIVE BENEFITS FOR THE POORBiosand Water Filter and Poor Households in the Philippines - Marlon B Sepe, Joel N Sagadal, Rudy D Lange, and Jobert C PorrasBio-innovation in Edible Mushroom Industry and Poverty Alleviation in China - Wei Geng and Yaoqi ZhangCommercialization of Aquaculture in Nepal: Understanding Its Gender Implications - Geeta Bhatrai Bastakoti, Sunila Rai, and Gam Bahadur GurungImproved Vegetable Production in Northern Thailand: Is the Innovation Pro-poor and Gender Sensitive? - Juthathip Chalermphol, Wallratat Intaruccomporn, and Geeta Bhatrai Bastakoti‘Lazy Garden’ Innovation as a Resilience-building Strategy - Louis Lebel, Songphonsak Rattanawilailak, Phimphakan Lebel, Alisa Arfue, Patcharawalai Sriyasak, and Rajesh DanielII: ABSENCE OF POSITIVE IMPACTS AND INSTITUTIONAL CONSTRAINTSShrimp Probiotics, Social Differentiation, and Shrimp Farmers in Vietnam - Le Thi Van Hue and Chi Hoang Lan DinhBiochar Stoves: An Innovation Studies Perspective - Simon Shackley and Sarah CarterVaccine R&D in Thailand: Meeting Public Health Needs through Collective IPR Management - Cecilia OhBiogas Program and Its Impact on the Poor in Vietnam - Tuong Vi Pham, Han Tuyet Mai, and Tran Chi TrungHarnessing Poverty Alleviation Potential of Biofertilizer in the Philippines - Linda M Peñalba, Merlyne M Paunlagui, and Rowena D T BaconguisIII: PRO-POOR DRIVERS AND EMBEDDING IN ANTI-POVERTY ALLEVIATIONKnowing Earth and Sky: The Transmission of Knowledge in Natural Farming in Chiang Mai Province - Jeff RutherfordChanging Trends of Bio-Innovation in Pharmaceutical Industry: Inclusion and Exclusion of Poor - Eunjeong MaBt Cotton in China: Implications for the Rural Poor and Poverty Alleviation - Qiaoqiao Zhang and Wan MinBiofertilizer-based Bio-innovation: Relevance to Poverty Welfare - Sunita SangarIndex