Biography of a Hacienda: Work and Revolution in Rural Mexico

Biography of a Hacienda: Work and Revolution in Rural Mexico

by Elizabeth Terese Newman


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Biography of a Hacienda: Work and Revolution in Rural Mexico by Elizabeth Terese Newman

Winner, James Deetz Book Award (Society for Historical Archaeology)

Biography of a Hacienda is a many-voiced reconstruction of events leading up to the Mexican Revolution and the legacy that remains to the present day. Drawing on ethnohistorical, archaeological, and ethnographic data, Elizabeth Terese Newman creates a fascinating model of the interplay between the great events of the Revolution and the lives of everyday people.

In 1910 the Mexican Revolution erupted out of a century of tension surrounding land ownership and control over labor. During the previous century, the elite ruling classes acquired ever-increasingly large tracts of land while peasants saw their subsistence and community independence vanish. Rural working conditions became so oppressive that many resorted to armed rebellion. After the war, new efforts were made to promote agrarian reform, and many of Mexico’s rural poor were awarded the land they had farmed for generations. 

Weaving together fiction, memoir, and data from her fieldwork, Newman reconstructs life at the Hacienda San Miguel Acocotla, a site located near a remote village in the Valley of Atlixco, Puebla, Mexico. Exploring people’s daily lives and how they affected the buildup to the Revolution and subsequent agrarian reforms, the author draws on nearly a decade of interdisciplinary study of the Hacienda Acocotla and its descendant community. Newman’s archaeological research recovered information about the lives of indigenous people living and working there in the one hundred years leading up to the Mexican Revolution.

Newman shows how women were central to starting the revolt, and she adds their voices to the master narrative. Biography of a Hacienda concludes with a thoughtful discussion of the contribution of the agrarian revolution to Mexico’s history and whether it has succeeded or simply transformed rural Mexico into a new “global hacienda system.”

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780816530731
Publisher: University of Arizona Press
Publication date: 04/17/2014
Pages: 272
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.90(d)

About the Author

Elizabeth Terese Newman is an assistant professor of history and environmental humanities at Stony Brook University. She received her PhD in anthropology from Yale. Since 2006, Newman has directed a research project at Hacienda San Miguel Acocotla that examines the social and cultural origins of revolution in Puebla, Mexico.

Table of Contents

List of Illustrations ix

Acknowledgments xi

Introduction 3

1 One Hundred Years: From Independence to Revolution in Mexico 10

2 "A Place for Lizards and Archaeologists": Historical Archaeology and the Hacienda San Miguel Acocotla 21

3 "Something We Already Know" 33

4 The Legacy of Revolution 56

5 San Miguel Acocotla: The Archaeology of a Central Mexican Hacienda 84

6 Crossmending: The Archaeology of Architecture and Home Life 113

7 What You Eat: Life and Labor in the Calpanería 139

8 Small Finds 169

Conclusion: "Un Platito de Frijoles" 199

Appendix: Cast of Characters 211

Notes 215

Glossary 243

Selected Bibliography 247

Index 251


Archaeology, Anthropology, Latin American studies

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