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Biological Psychology / Edition 4

Biological Psychology / Edition 4

by James W. Kalat


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Biological Psychology / Edition 4

This # 1 best selling text in the market, used at over 1000 colleges and universities, examines the relationship between biological factors (mostly brain activity) and behavior, and shows students what biology has to do with psychology. Kalat communicates the excitement of biopsychology as a dynamic and empirical field in which fascinating new discoveries are being made constantly. As he captures and engages readers' interest, Kalat reveals how aspects of brain activity such as neurotransmission and neuroanatomy relate to "real" psychological topics such as language and learning, sexual behavior, anxiety, aggressive behavior, depression, and schizophrenia. Now thoroughly revised throughout with the latest research, a new design, a beautiful new art program, new pedagogy and new technology resources, this Seventh Edition maintains the strengths of past editions while adding a whole new look and feel in less than 600 pages.
Packaged free with every student copy of the text, this interactive CD-ROM provides study tools, hands-on activities, Web exploration opportunities, chapter-by-chapter quizzing, video clips, and much more. The CD-ROM is integrated at the end of chapters of the text, drawing connections between the CD-ROM and the book. Over 40 minutes of video on the CD-ROM allow students to explore biopsychology concepts in action. Each clip includes an audio introduction by Jim Kalat, relevant figure art from the text, as well as questions that help students understand the connection between the video clips and the art. For the professor, BioPsychLink Presentation CD-ROM for Biopsychology—Advanced PowerPoint presentation software—offers lecture outlines and classroom presentation capability, using art from the text and resources from our exclusive arrangement with CNN videos.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780534162559
Publisher: Brooks/Cole
Publication date: 01/20/1992
Series: Psychology Series
Edition description: Older Edition
Pages: 704

About the Author

James W. Kalat is Professor Emeritus of Psychology at North Carolina State University, where he taught courses in introduction to psychology and biological psychology from 1977 through 2012. He received an AB degree summa cum laude from Duke University and a PhD in psychology from the University of Pennsylvania. He is also the author of INTRODUCTION TO PSYCHOLOGY (10th Edition) and co-author with Michelle Shiota of EMOTION (2nd Edition). In addition to textbooks, he has written journal articles on taste-aversion learning, the teaching of psychology, and other topics. He was twice the program chair for the annual convention of the American Psychological Society, now named the Association for Psychological Science.

Table of Contents

1. THE MAJOR ISSUES. The Mind-Brain Relationship. Biological Explanations of Behavior. The Brain and Conscious Experience. Nature and Nurture. The Genetics of Behavior. The Evolution of Behavior. The Use of Animals in Research. Reasons for Animal Research. The Ethical Debate. Prospects for Further Study. 2. NERVE CELLS AND NERVE IMPULSES. The Cells of the Nervous System. Neurons and Glia. The Blood-Brain Barrier. The Nourishment of Vertebrate Neurons. The Nerve Impulse. The Resting Potential of the Neuron. The Action Potential. Propagation of the Action Potential. The Myelin Sheath and Saltatory Conduction. Signaling Without Action Potentials. 3. COMMUNICATION WITHIN THE BODY: SYNAPSES AND HORMONES. The Concept of the Synapse. The Properties of the Synapse. Relationship Among EPSP, IPSP, and Action Potential. Chemical Events at the Synapse. The Discovery That Most Synaptic Transmission is Chemical. The Sequence of Events at a Synapse. Synapses, Abused Drugs, and Behavior. How Drugs Affect Synapses. Synapses, Reinforcement, and Drug Use. Synapses, Reinforcement, and Personality. Hormones and Behavior. Mechanisms of Hormone Actions. Control of Hormone Release. 4. ANATOMY OF THE NERVOUS SYSTEM. The Divisions of the Vertebrate Nervous System. Some Terminology. The Spinal Cord. The Autonomic Nervous System. The Hindbrain. The Midbrain. The Forebrain. The Ventricles. The Cerebral Cortex. Organization of the Cerebral Cortex. The Occipital Lobe. The Parietal Lobe. The Temporal Lobe. The Frontal Lobe. How Do the Pieces Work Together? 5. DEVELOPMENT AND PLASTICITY OF THE BRAIN. Development of the Brain. Growth and Differentiation of the Vertebrate Brain. Pathfinding by Axons. Fine-Tuning byExperience. Proportional Growth of Brain Areas. The Vulnerable Developing Brain. Recovery of Function After Brain Damage. Causes of Human Brain Damage. Adjustments and Potential Recovery After Brain Damage. Effects of Age. Therapies. 6. VISION. Visual Coding and the Retinal Receptors. Reception, Transduction, and Coding. The Eye and Its Connections to the Brain. Visual Receptors: Rods and Cones. Color Vision. The Neural Basis of Visual Perception. An Overview of the Mammalian Visual System. Mechanisms of Processing in the Visual System. Concurrent Pathways in the Visual System. The Cerebral Cortex: The Shape Pathway. The Cerebral Cortex: The Color Pathway. The Cerebral Cortex: The Motion and Depth Pathways. Visual Attraction. The Binding Problem Revisited: Visual Consciousness. The Development of the Visual System. Infant Vision. Effects of Experience on Visual Development. 7. THE NONVISUAL SENSORY SYSTEMS. Audition. Sound and the Ear. Pitch Perception. Hearing Loss. Localization of Sounds. The Mechanical Senses. Vestibular Sensation. Somatosensation. Pain. The Chemical Senses. General Issues About Chemical Coding. Taste. Olfaction. Vomeronasal Sensation and Pheromones. 8. MOVEMENT. The Control of Movement. Muscles and Their Movements. Units of Movement. Brain Mechanisms of Movement. The Role of the Cerebral Cortex. The Role of the Cerebellum. The Role of the Basal Ganglia. Disorders of Movement. Parkinson's Disease. Huntington's Disease. 9. RHYTHMS OF WAKEFULNESS AND SLEEP. Rhythms of Waking and Sleeping. Endogenous Cycles. Resetting the Biological Clock. The Mechanisms of the Biological Clock.Stages of Sleep and Brain Mechanisims. The Stages of Sleep. Paradoxical or REM Sleep. Brain Mechanisms of Wakefulness and Arousal. Brain Function in REM Sleep. Abnormalities of Sleep. Why Sleep? Why REM? Why Dreams? The Functions of Sleep. The Functions of REM Sleep. Biological Perspectives on Dreaming. 10. THE REGULATION OF INTERNAL BODY STATES. Temperature Regulation. Homeostasis. Controlling Body Temperature. Temperature Regulation and Behavior. Thirst. Mechanisms of Water Regulation. Osmotic Thirst. Hypovolemic Thirst. Hunger. How the Digestive System Influences Food Selection. How Taste and Digestion Control Hunger and Satiety. The Hypothalamus and Feeding Regulation. Satiety Chemicals and Eating Disorders. 11. REPRODUCTIVE BEHAVIORS. The Effects of Sex Hormones. Organizing Effects of Sex Hormones. Activating Effects of Sex Hormones. Puberty. Parental Behavior. Variations in Sexual Development and Orientation. Determinants of Gender Identity. Possible Biological Bases of Sexual Orientation. 12. EMOTIONAL BEHAVIORS. What Is Emotion, Anyway? and What Good Is It? Are Emotions Useful? Emotions and Readiness for Action. Stress and Health. Stress and the Autonomic Nervous System. Stress and the Hypothalamus-Pituitary-Adrenal Cortex Axis. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. Attack and Escape Behaviors. Attack Behaviors. Escape Behaviors. 13. THE BIOLOGY OF LEARNING AND MEMORY. Learning, Memory, Amnesia, and Brain Functioning. Localized Representations of Memory. Types of Memory. The Hippocampus and Amnesia. Other Types of Brain Damage and Amnesia. Infant Amnesia. Storing Information in the Nervous System. Learning and the Hebbian Synapse. Single-Cell Mechanisms of Invertebrate Behavior Change. Long-Term Potentiation in Mammals. 14. LATERALIZATION AND LANGUAGE. Lateralization of Function. Visual and Auditory Connections to the Hemispheres. Cutting the Corpus Callosum. Development of Lateralization and Handedness. Avoiding Overstatements. Evolution and Physiology of Language. Nonhuman Precursors of Language. Effects of Brain Damage on Human Language? Effects of Brain Damage on Language. Dyslexia. 15. ALCOHOLISM, MOOD DISORDERS, AND SCHIZOPHRENIA. Alcoholism. Genetics. Alcohol Metabolism and Antabuse. Mood Disorders. Major Depressive Disorder. Bipolar Disorder. Seasonal Affective Disorder. Schizophrenia. Characteristics. The Neurodevelopmental Hypothesis. Neurotransmitters and Drugs. APPENDIX A: Brief, Basic Chemistry. APPENDIX B: Society for Neuroscience Policies on the Use of Animals and Human Subjects in Neuroscience Research. REFERENCES. CREDITS. THEME INDEX. NAME INDEX. SUBJECT INDEX/GLOSSARY.

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