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Biophysical Chemistry of Biointerfaces / Edition 1

Biophysical Chemistry of Biointerfaces / Edition 1

by Hiroyuki Ohshima


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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780470169353
Publisher: Wiley
Publication date: 08/23/2010
Pages: 568
Product dimensions: 6.40(w) x 9.30(h) x 1.40(d)

About the Author

HIROYUKI OHSHIMA is Professor of Pharmaceutical Sciences at the Tokyo University of Science, Japan. He is the author or co-author of seven books and over 300 book chapters and journal publications reflecting his research interests in the colloid and interfacial sciences as well as biophysical chemistry. He is a member of the New York Academy of Sciences, American Chemical Society, the Physical Society of Japan, the Chemical Society of Japan, and the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan. Dr. Ohshima received the BS, MS, and PhD degrees in physics from the University of Tokyo, Japan. He currently edits two journals, Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces and Colloid and Polymer Science.

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Table of Contents


List of Symbols.


1 Potential and Charge of a Hard Particle.

1.1 Introduction.

1.2 The Poisson-Boltzmann Equation.

1.3 Plate.

1.4 Sphere.

1.5 Cylinder.

1.6 Asymptotic Behavior of Potential and Effective SurfacePotential.

1.7 Nearly Spherical Particle.


2 Potential Distribution Around a Non-uniformly ChargedSurface and Discrete Charge Effects.

2.1 Introduction.

2.2 The Poisson-Boltzmann Equation for a Surface with anArbitrary Fixed Surface Charge Distribution.

2.3 Discrete Charge Effect.


3 Modified Poisson-Boltzmann Equation.

3.1 Introduction.

3.2 Electrolyte Solution Containing Rod-Like DivalentCations.

3.3 Electrolyte Solution Containing Rod-Like Zwitterions.

3.4 Self-atmosphere Potential of Ions.


4 Potential and Charge of a Soft Particle.

4.1 Introduction.

4.2 Planar Soft Surface.

4.3 Spherical Soft Particle.

4.4 Cylindrical Soft Particle.

4.5 Asymptotic Behavior of Potential and Effective SurfacePotential of a Soft Particle.

4.6 Nonuniformly Charged Surface Layer: Isoelectric Point.


5 Free Energy of a Charged Surface.

5.1 Introduction.

5.2 Helmholtz Free Energy and Tension of a Hard Surface.

5.3 Calculation of the Free Energy of the Electrical DoubleLayer.

5.4 Alternative Expression forFel.

5.5 Free Energy of a Soft Surface.


6 Potential Distribution Around a Charged Particle in aSalt-Free Medium.

6.1 Introduction.

6.2 Spherical Particle.

6.3 Cylindrical Particle.

6.4 Effects of a Small Amount of Added Salts.

6.5 Spherical Soft Particle.



7 Electrostatic Interaction of Point Charges in anInhomogeneous Medium.

7.1 Introduction.

7.2 Planar Geometry.

7.3 Cylindrical Geometry.


8 Force and Potential Energy of the Double Layer InteractionBetween Two Charged Colloidal Particles.

8.1 Introduction.

8.2 Osmotic Pressure and Maxwell Stress.

8.3 Direct Calculation of Interaction Force.

8.4 Free Energy of Double-Layer Interaction.

8.5 Alternative Expression for the Electric Part of the FreeEnergy of Double-Layer Interaction.

8.6 Charge Regulation Model.


9 Double-Layer Interaction Between Two Parallel SimilarPlates.

9.1 Introduction.

9.2 Interaction Between Two Parallel Similar Plates.

9.3 Low Potential Case.

9.4 Arbitrary Potential Case.

9.5 Comparison Between the Theory of Derjaguin and Landau andTheory of Verwey and Overbeek.

9.6 Approximate Analytic Expressions for ModeratePotentials.

9.7 Alternative Method of Linearization of the Poisson-BoltzmannEquation.


10 Electrostatic Interaction Between Two Parallel DissimilarPlates.

10.1 Introduction.

10.2 Interaction Between Two Parallel Dissimilar Plates.

10.3 Low Potential Case.

10.4 Arbitrary Potential: Interaction at Constant Surface ChargeDensity.

10.5 Approximate Analytic Expressions for ModeratePotentials.


11 Linear Superposition Approximation for the Double LayerInteraction of Particles at Large Separations.

11.1 Introduction.

11.2 Two Parallel Plates.

11.3 Two Spheres.

11.4 Two Cylinders.


12 Derjaguin’s Approximation at SmallSeparations.

12.1 Introduction.

12.2 Two Spheres.

12.3 Two Parallel Cylinders.

12.4 Two Crossed Cylinders.


13 Donnan Potential-Regulated Interaction Between PorousParticles.

13.1 Introduction.

13.2 Two Parallel Semi-infinite Ion-penetrable Membranes (PorousPlates).

13.3 Two Porous Spheres.

13.4 Two Parallel Porous Cylinders.

13.5 Two Parallel Membranes with Arbitrary Potentials.

13.6 pH Dependence of Electrostatic Interaction BetweenIon-penetrable Membranes.


14 Series Expansion Representations for the Double-LayerInteraction Between Two Particles.

14.1 Introduction.

14.2 Schwartz’s Method.

14.3 Two Spheres.

14.4 Plate and Sphere.

14.5 Two Parallel Cylinders.

14.6 Plate and Cylinder.


15 Electrostatic Interaction Between Soft Particles.

15.1 Introduction.

15.2 Interaction Between Two Parallel Dissimilar SoftPlates.

15.3 Interaction Between Two Dissimilar Soft Spheres.

15.4 Interaction Between Two Dissimilar Soft Cylinders.


16 Electrostatic Interaction Between Nonuniformly ChargedMembranes.

16.1 Introduction.

16.2 Basic Equations.

16.3 Interaction Force.

16.4 Isoelectric Points with Respect to ElectrolyteConcentration.


17 Electrostatic Repulsion Between Two Parallel Soft PatesAfter Their Contact.

17.1 Introduction.

17.2 Repulsion Between Intact Brushes.

17.3 Repulsion Between Compressed Brushes.


18 Electrostatic Interaction Between Ion-Penetrable Membranesin a Salt-free Medium.

18.1 Introduction.

18.2 Two Parallel Hard Plates.

18.3 Two Parallel Ion-Penetrable Membranes.


19 van der Waals Interaction Between Two Particles.

19.1 Introduction.

19.2 Two Molecules.

19.3 A Molecule and a Plate.

19.4 Two Parallel Plates.

19.5 A Molecule and a Sphere.

19.6 Two Spheres.

19.7 A Molecule and a Rod.

19.8 Two Parallel Rods.

19.9 A Molecule and a Cylinder.

19.10 Two Parallel Cylinders.

19.11 Two Crossed Cylinders.

19.12 Two Parallel Rings.

19.13 Two Parallel Torus-Shaped Particles.

19.14 Two Particles Immersed In a Medium.

19.15 Two Parallel Plates Covered with Surface Layers.


20 DLVO Theory of Colloid Stability.

20.1 Introduction.

20.2 Interaction Between Lipid Bilayers.

20.3 Interaction Between Soft Spheres.


Part III Electrokinetic Phenomena At Interfaces.

21 Electrophoretic Mobility of Soft Particles.

21.1 Introduction.

21.2 Brief Summary of Electrophoresis of Hard Particles.

21.3 General Theory of Electrophoretic Mobility of SoftParticles.

21.4 Analytic Approximations for the Electrophoretic Mobility ofSpherical Soft Particles.

21.5 Electrokinetic Flow Between Two Parallel Soft Plates.

21.6 Soft Particle Analysis of the Electrophoretic Mobility ofBiological Cells and their Model Particles.

21.7 Electrophoresis of Nonuniformly Charged Soft Particles.

21.8 Other Topics of Electrophoresis of Soft Particles.


22 Electrophoretic Mobility of Concentrated SoftParticles.

22.1 Introduction.

22.2 Electrophoretic Mobility of Concentrated SoftParticles.

22.3 Electroosmotic Velocity in an Array of Soft Cylinders.


23 Electrical Conductivity of a Suspension of SoftParticles.

23.1 Introduction.

23.2 Basic Equations.

23.3 Electrical Conductivity.


24 Sedimentation Potential and Velocity in a Suspension ofSoft Particles.

24.1 Introduction.

24.2 Basic Equations.

24.3 Sedimentation Velocity of a Soft Particle.

24.4 Average Electric Current and Potential.

24.5 Sedimentation Potential.

24.6 Onsager’s Reciprocal Relation.

24.7 Diffusion Coefficient of a Soft Particle.


25 Dynamic Electrophoretic Mobility of a SoftParticle.

25.1 Introduction.

25.2 Basic Equations.

25.3 Linearized Equations.

25.4 Equation of Motion of a Soft Particle.

25.5 General Mobility Expression.

25.6 Approximate Mobility Formula.


26 Colloid Vibration Potential in a Suspension of SoftParticles.

26.1 Introduction.

26.2 Colloid Vibration Potential and Ion VibrationPotential.


27 Effective Viscosity of a Suspension of SoftParticles.

27.1 Introduction.

27.2 Basic Equations.

27.3 Linearized Equations.

27.4 Electroviscous Coefficient.

27.5 Approximation of Low Fixed-Charge Densities.

27.6 Effective Viscosity of a Concentrated Suspension ofUncharged Porous Spheres.




28 Membrane Potential and Donnan Potential.

28.1 Introduction.

28.2 Membrane Potential and Donnan Potential.



What People are Saying About This

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"Ohshima (pharmaceutical science, Tokyo U. of Science) sets out a set of tools for discussing various phenomena at biological interfaces - such as cell surfaces - in terms of biophysical chemistry." (SciTech Book News, December 2010)

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