ISBN-10:
0412277204
ISBN-13:
9780412277207
Pub. Date:
03/31/1989
Publisher:
Springer Netherlands
The Biosynthesis of Secondary Metabolites / Edition 2

The Biosynthesis of Secondary Metabolites / Edition 2

by R.B. Herbert

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780412277207
Publisher: Springer Netherlands
Publication date: 03/31/1989
Edition description: 2nd ed. 1989
Pages: 232
Product dimensions: 6.10(w) x 9.25(h) x 0.36(d)
Age Range: 18 Years

Table of Contents

1 Introduction.- 1.1 Primary and secondary metabolism.- 1.1.1 Introduction.- 1.1.2 Fatty acid biosynthesis.- 1.1.3 The biosynthesis of polyacetylenes and prostaglandins.- 1.2 Stereochemistry and biosynthesis.- 1.2.1 Chirality and prochirality.- 1.2.2 Chiral methyl groups.- 1.2.3 Hydroxylation at saturated carbon atoms.- 1.3 Some reactions of general importance in secondary metabolism.- 1.3.1 Oxidative coupling of phenols.- 1.3.2 Hydroxylation of aromatic substrates.- 1.3.3 Methylation.- References.- 2 Techniques for biosynthesis.- 2.1 Introduction.- 2.2 Isotopic labelling.- 2.2.1 Radioactive isotopes.- 2.2.2 Stable isotopes.- 2.3 Enzymes and mutants.- References.- 3 Polyketides.- 3.1 Introduction.- 3.2 Formation of poly-?-keto-acyl-CoA’s.- 3.2.1 Acetate and malonate.- 3.2.2 Assembly of poly-?-keto-acyl-CoA’s.- 3.3 Tetraketides.- 3.4 Pentaketides.- 3.5 Hexaketides.- 3.6 Heptaketides.- 3.7 Octaketides.- 3.8 Nona-and deca-ketides.- 3.9 Polyketides with mixed origins and large ring polyketides.- References.- 4 Terpenes and steroids.- 4.1 Introduction.- 4.2 Steroids.- 4.3 Pentacyclic triterpenes.- 4.4 Squalene.- 4.5 Monoterpenes.- 4.6 Sesquiterpenes.- 4.7 Diterpenes.- 4.8 Sesterpenes.- 4.9 Carotenoids and vitamin A.- References.- 5 The shikimic acid pathway.- 5.1 Introduction.- 5.2 Quinones.- 5.3 Coumarins.- 5.4 Flavonoids.- References.- 6 Alkaloids.- 6.1 Introduction.- 6.2 Piperidine and pyrrolidine alkaloids.- 6.2.1 Piperidine alkaloids.- 6.2.2 Pyrrolidine alkaloids.- 6.3 Isoquinoline and related alkaloids.- 6.3.1 Phenethylamines and simple isoquinolines.- 6.3.2 Aporphines.- 6.3.3 Erythrina alkaloids.- 6.3.4 Morphine and related alkaloids.- 6.3.5 Hasubanonine and protostephanine.- 6.3.6 Protoberberine and related alkaloids.- 6.3.7 Phenethylisoquinoline alkaloids.- 6.4 Amaryllidaceae and mesembrine alkaloids.- 6.4.1 Amaryllidaceae alkaloids.- 6.4.2 Mesembrine alkaloids.- 6.5 Quinoline and related alkaloids.- 6.6 Indole alkaloids.- 6.6.1 Simple indole derivatives.- 6.6.2 Terpenoid indole and related alkaloids.- 6.7 Ipecac alkaloids.- 6.8 Miscellaneous alkaloids.- References.- 7 Microbial metabolites containing nitrogen.- 7.1 Introduction.- 7.2 Piperidine and pyridine metabolites.- 7.3 Diketopiperazines.- 7.4 Benzodiazepines.- 7.5 Metabolites derived from the tryptophan pathway.- 7.5.1 Ergot alkaloids.- 7.5.2 Cyclopiazonic acids and carbazomycin B.- 7.5.3 Indolmycin.- 7.5.4 Streptonigrin and pyrrolnitrin.- 7.6 Metabolites derived from the shikimate pathway.- 7.6.1 Pseudans, phenoxazinones, phenazines, and chloramphenicol.- 7.6.2 Ansamycins, mitomycins and antibiotic A23187.- 7.6.3 Cytochalasins and pseurotin A.- 7.6.4 Nybomycin.- 7.6.5 Naphthyridinomycin, saframycin A and CC-1065.- 7.6.6 Isocyanides and tuberin.- 7.6.7 Sarubicin A.- 7.6.8 Arphamenines.- 7.7 ?-Lactams.- 7.7.1 Penicillins and cephalosporins.- 7.7.2 Clavulanic acid.- 7.7.3 Nocardicins.- 7.7.4 Thienamycin and tabtoxin.- 7.8 Miscellaneous metabolites.- 7.8.1 Prodiginines.- 7.8.2 Elaiomycin and valinimycin.- 7.8.3 Streptothricin, acivicin, reductiomycin and asukamycin.- 7.8.4 Myxopyronin A, myxothiazol, angiolam A, rhizoxin and malonimycin.- 7.8.5 Virginiamycin antibiotics.- 7.8.6 Cyclizidine.- References.

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