In The Birth of Christianity: Reality and Myth, Joel Carmichael argues that Jesus was executed by the Romans in 32 A.D. as a rebel against the state. It was only after his execution that he was hailed as the Son of God, a fact that has been widely misinterpreted by both Jews and Christians.
Carmichael maintains that it was St. Paul, after the death of Jesus, who provided the organizational structure, the meaning and the drive behind the Christian movement. It was his vision that triggered the exaltation of Jesus, and after the destruction of the Jewish Temple in 70 A.D., his letters and papers became the core of Christian doctrine. In centuries since, the "Kingdom of God" has become a hazy ideal and metaphor.