ISBN-10:
1848215746
ISBN-13:
9781848215740
Pub. Date:
01/07/2014
Publisher:
Wiley
Bistatic SAR / GISAR / FISAR Geometry, Signal Models and Imaging Algorithms / Edition 1

Bistatic SAR / GISAR / FISAR Geometry, Signal Models and Imaging Algorithms / Edition 1

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781848215740
Publisher: Wiley
Publication date: 01/07/2014
Series: FOCUS Series
Pages: 182
Product dimensions: 6.30(w) x 9.20(h) x 0.90(d)

About the Author

Andon Dimitrov Lazarov is Full Professor at Burgas Free University in Bulgaria. His field of interest includes theory, methods and algorithms in the scope of SAR-ISAR-BSAR-InSAR theory, modeling, and signal and image processing. He has authored over 200 research journal and conference papers. He is a member of IEEE, AES Society-USA, TBSR of Applied Electromagnetism-Greece, and guest-editor of a special issue on ISAR signal processing for the IET Journal, Canada.

Todor Pavlov Kostadinov is Assistant Professor at Burgas Technical University "Asen Zlatarov" in Bulgaria. His field of interests includes communications, networks and embedded systems, computer science, signal and image processing, image recognition, programming, SAR, ISAR, BSAR and InSAR techniques, methods and algorithms. He is the author of more than 10 journal and conference papers in the field of SAR, ISAR and BSAR technologies.

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Table of Contents

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT ix

CHAPTER 1. BISTATIC SYNTHETIC APERTURE RADAR (BSAR) SURVEY1

1.1. Introduction and main definitions 1

1.2. Passive space-surface bistatic and multistatic SAR 4

1.3. Forward scattering radars 6

1.4. A moving target problem as an inversion problem inmultistatic SAR 8

1.5. BSAR models, imaging, methods and algorithms 9

1.5.1. Range migration algorithm for invariant and variantflying geometry 9

1.5.2. Bistatic point target reference spectrum based onLoffeld’s bistatic formula 10

1.5.3. Target parameters extraction 12

CHAPTER 2. BSAR GEOMETRY 17

2.1. BGISAR geometry and kinematics 17

2.2. Multistatic BSAR geometry and kinematics 21

2.3. BFISAR geometry and kinematics 24

2.3.1. Kinematic parameter estimation 26

CHAPTER 3. BSAR WAVEFORMS AND SIGNAL MODELS 29

3.1. Short pulse waveform and the BSAR signal model 29

3.1.1. Short pulse waveform 29

3.1.2. Short pulse BSAR signal model 30

3.1.3. Target’s parameters estimation in short rangeBFISAR scenario 31

3.2. LFM pulse waveform 32

3.2.1. LFM BSAR signal model 33

3.3. CW LFM waveform and modeling of deterministic components ofBSAR signal 35

3.4. Phase code modulated pulse waveforms 37

3.4.1. Barker phase code 38

3.4.2. Complementary code synthesis 39

3.4.3. BSAR-transmitted complementary phase code modulatedwaveforms 39

3.4.4. GPS C/A phase code 41

3.4.5. GPS P phase code 43

3.4.6. DVB-T waveform 47

CHAPTER 4. BSAR IMAGE RECONSTRUCTION ALGORITHMS 49

4.1. Image reconstruction from a short pulse BSAR signal 49

4.2. LFM BSAR image reconstruction algorithm 53

4.3. PCM BSAR image reconstruction algorithm 55

4.4. Autofocus algorithm with entropy minimization 58

4.5. Experiment with the multistatic SAR LFM imagereconstruction algorithm 59

CHAPTER 5. ANALYTICAL GEOMETRICAL DETERMINATION OF BSARRESOLUTION 65

5.1. Generalized BSAR range and Doppler resolution 65

5.1.1. BSAR range resolution 65

5.1.2. BSAR Doppler resolution 69

5.2. Along-track range resolution 69

5.3. Range resolution along a target–receiver line ofsight 72

CHAPTER 6. BSAR EXPERIMENTAL RESULTS 77

6.1. Example 1: BFISAR with short-pulse waveform 77

6.1.1. BFISAR parameters estimation 78

6.1.2. BFISAR signal formation algorithm 78

6.2. Example 2: BFISAR with pulse LFM waveform 83

6.2.1. BFISAR geometry and isorange ellipse parameter estimation85

6.2.2. BFISAR LFM signal formation algorithm 86

6.2.3. Image reconstruction algorithm and experimental results86

6.3. Example 3: asymmetric geometry of BFISAR with pulse LFMwaveform 95

6.3.1. BFISAR LFM signal formation algorithm 96

6.3.2. BFISAR image reconstruction algorithm and experimentalresults 97

6.4. Example 4: BGISAR with Barker PCM waveform 101

6.4.1. BGISAR Barker PCM signal formation algorithm 102

6.4.2. BGISAR image reconstruction algorithm and experimentalresults 104

6.5. Example 5: BGISAR with GPS C/A PCM waveform 109

6.5.1. BGISAR GPS C/A PCM signal formation algorithm 110

6.5.2. BGISAR image reconstruction algorithm and experimentalresults 112

6.6. Example 6: BGISAR with GPS P PCM waveform 115

6.6.1. BGISAR GPS P PCM signal formation algorithm 116

6.6.2. BGISAR image extraction algorithm and experimentalresults 118

CHAPTER 7. BSAR MATLAB IMPLEMENTATION 123

7.1. Construction of a helicopter image 123

7.2. BGISAR imaging 124

7.3. BFISAR imaging by short pulses 134

7.4. Continuous linear frequency modulated waveform generation137

7.5. Pulse LFM waveform generation 138

7.6. BFISAR imaging by pulse LFM waveform 139

7.7. GPS coarse acquisition phase code modulated waveformgeneration 145

7.8. BGSAR imaging by GPS C/A PCM waveform 146

7.9. GPS precision phase code modulated waveform generation152

7.10. BGISAR imaging by GPS P PCM waveform 153

7.11. Multistatic SAR imaging by pulse LFM waveform 162

7.12. Isorange ellipse generation 166

7.13. Range resolution determination 168

BIBLIOGRAPHY 171

INDEX 181

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