Black Death: The Great Mortality of 1348-1350: A Brief History with Documents / Edition 1 available in Paperback
A fascinating account of the phenomenon known as the Black Death, this volume offers a wealth of documentary material focused on the initial outbreak of the plague that ravaged the world in the fourteenth century. A comprehensive introduction that provides important background on the origins and spread of the plague is followed by nearly 50 documents organized into topical sections that focus on the origin and spread of the illness; the responses of medical practitioners; the societal and economic impact; religious responses; the flagellant movement and attacks on Jews provoked by the plague; and the artistic response. Each chapter has an introduction that summarizes the issues explored in the documents; headnotes to the documents provide additional background material. The book contains documents from many countries — including Muslim and Byzantine sources — to give students a variety of perspectives on this devastating illness and its consequences. The volume also includes illustrations, a chronology of the Black Death, questions to consider, a selected bibliography, and an index.
About the Author
JOHN ABERTH lives in Roxbury, Vermont, and teaches history at Vermont's Castleton State College, where he formerly served as associate academic dean. He has taught history at a number of other institutions, including Middlebury College, the University of Vermont, St. Michael's College, the University of Nebraska, and Norwich University. He received his Ph.D. in Medieval History from Cambridge University in England and has published several books, including Churchmen in the Age of Edward III: The Case of Bishop Thomas de Lisle (1996), From the Brink of the Apocalypse: Confronting Famine, War, Plague and Death (2000), and A Knight at the Movies: Medieval History on Film (2003).
Table of Contents
Table of ContentsForeword Preface A Note about the Text and Translations LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS PART ONE Introduction: The Black Death in History The Black Death as Historical Event Historical Significance of the Black Death Studying Medieval Sources PART TWO The Documents 1. Geographical Origins Nicephorus Gregoras, Byzantine History, ca. 1359 Abu Hafs ‘Umar Ibn al-Wardi, Essay on the Report of the Pestilence, ca. 1348 Giovanni Villani, Chronicle, ca. 1348 Louis Sanctus, Letter, April 27, 1348 2. Symptoms and Transmission Michele da Piazza, Chronicle, 1347–1361 Giovanni Boccaccio, Introduction to The Decameron, 1349–1351 Louis Sanctus, Letter, April 27, 1348 John VI Kantakouzenos, History, 1367–1369 3. Medical Responses Medical Faculty of the University of Paris, Consultation, October 6, 1348 Alfonso de Córdoba, Letter and Regimen concerning the Pestilence, ca. 1348 Gentile da Foligno, Short Casebook, 1348 Jacme d’Agramont, Regimen of Protection against Epidemics, April 24, 1348 AbuJa ‘far Ahmad Ibn Kha tima, Description and Remedy for Escaping the Plague, February 1349 Gui de Chauliac, Great Surgery, 1363 4. Societal and Economic Impact Francesco Petrarch, Letters on Familiar Matters, May 1349 Giovanni Boccaccio, Introduction to The Decameron, 1349–1351 Agnolo di Tura, Sienese Chronicle, 1348–1351 Jean de Venette, Chronicle, ca. 1359–1360 Ahmad Ibn ‘Ali al-Maqri zi, A History of the Ayyubids and Mamluks, 15th Century City Council of Siena, Ordinance, May 1349 The Córtes of Castile, Ordinance, 1351 Wiltshire, England, Assize Roll of Labor Offenders, June 11, 1352 5. Religious Mentalities Gabriele de Mussis, History of the Plague, 1348 Michele da Piazza, Chronicle, 1347–1361 Simon Islip, Archbishop of Canterbury, Effrenata (Unbridled), May 28, 1350 Hamo Hethe, Bishop of Rochester, and Thomas de Lisle, Bishop of Ely, Post -Plague Parish Poverty, July 1, 1349, and September 20, 1349 Libertus of Monte Feche, Last Will and Testament, September 21, 1348 ‘Imad al-Din Abu ’l-Fida ‘Isma ‘ilb. ‘Umar Ibn Kathir, The Beginning and End: On History, ca. 1350–1351 Abu Hafs ‘Umar Ibn al-Wardi, Essay on the Report of the Pestilence, ca. 1348 Lisan al-Din Ibn al-Khatib, A Very Useful Inquiry into the Horrible Sickness, 1349–1352 6. The Psyche of Hysteria The Flagellants Heinrich of Herford, Book of Memorable Matters, ca. 1349–1355 Fritsche Closener, Chronicle, 1360–1362 Gilles li Muisis, Chronicle, 1350 King Philip VI of France, Mandate to Suppress the Flagellants, February 15, 1350 Jewish Pogroms King Pedro IV of Aragon, Response to Jewish Pogrom of Tárrega, December 23, 1349 Takkanoth (Accord) of Barcelona, September 1354 Interrogation of the Jews of Savoy, September– October 1348 Mathias of Neuenburg, Chronicle, ca. 1349–1350 Konrad of Megenberg, Concerning the Mortality in Germany, ca. 1350 Pope Clement VI, Sicut Judeis (Mandate to Protect the Jews), October 1, 1348 7. The Artistic Response The Dance of Death The Great Chronicle of France, ca. 1348 John Lydgate, The Dance of Death, ca. 1430 Death as Chess Player, St. Andrew’s Church, Norwich, ca. 1500 Transi Tombs François de la Sarra, Tomb at La Sarraz, Switzerland, ca. 1390 Archbishop Henry Chichele, Tomb at Canterbury Cathedral, ca. 1425 A Disputacioun betwyx the Body and Wormes, ca. 1450 APPENDIXES A Chronology of the Black Death (1347–1363) Questions for Consideration Selected Bibliography Index