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Black Garden: Armenia and Azerbaijan through Peace and War

Black Garden: Armenia and Azerbaijan through Peace and War

by Thomas de Waal
Black Garden: Armenia and Azerbaijan through Peace and War

Black Garden: Armenia and Azerbaijan through Peace and War

by Thomas de Waal


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“Admirable, rigorous. De Waal [is] a wise and patient reporter.”—The New York Review of Books

“Never have all the twists and turns, sad carnage, and bullheadedness on all side been better described—or indeed, better explained…Offers a deeper and more compelling account of the conflict than anyone before.”—Foreign Affairs

Since its publication in 2003, the first edition of Black Garden has become the definitive study of how Armenia and Azerbaijan, two southern Soviet republics, were pulled into a conflict that helped bring them to independence, spell the end the Soviet Union, and plunge a region of great strategic importance into a decade of turmoil. This important volume is both a careful reconstruction of the history of the Nagorny Karabakh conflict since 1988 and on-the-spot reporting of the convoluted aftermath. Part contemporary history, part travel book, part political analysis, the book is based on six months traveling through the south Caucasus, more than 120 original interviews in the region, Moscow, and Washington, and unique historical primary sources, such as Politburo archives. The historical chapters trace how the conflict lay unresolved in the Soviet era; how Armenian and Azerbaijani societies unfroze it; how the Politiburo failed to cope with the crisis; how the war was fought and ended; how the international community failed to sort out the conflict. What emerges is a complex and subtle portrait of a beautiful and fascinating region, blighted by historical prejudice and conflict.

The revised and updated 10th-year anniversary edition includes a new forward, a new chapter covering developments up to-2011, such as the election of new presidents in both countries, Azerbaijan’s oil boom and the new arms race in the region, and a new conclusion, analysing the reasons for the intractability of the conflict and whether there are any prospects for its resolution. Telling the story of the first conflict to shake Mikhail Gorbachev's Soviet Union, Black Garden remains a central account of the reality of the post-Soviet world.

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780814760321
Publisher: New York University Press
Publication date: 07/08/2013
Edition description: Anniversary
Pages: 406
Sales rank: 307,630
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 8.90(h) x 1.10(d)

About the Author

Thomas de Waal has reported on Russia and the Caucasus since 1993 for the Moscow Times, The Times of London, The Economist, and the BBC World Service. He is currently Senior Associate, Caucasus at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. His publications include, most recently, The Caucasus: An Introduction.

Table of Contents

Author’s Note ix
Preface to the Revised Edition xiii
Two Maps, of the South Caucasus and of Nagorny Karabakh xviii–xix
Introduction: Crossing the Line 1
1. February 1988: An Armenian Revolt 11
2. February 1988: Azerbaijan: Puzzlement and Pogroms 30
3. Shusha: The Neighbors’ Tale 46
4. 1988–1989: An Armenian Crisis 56
5. Yerevan: Mysteries of the East 74
6. 1988–1990: An Azerbaijani Tragedy 83
7. Baku: An Eventful History 96
8. 1990–1991: A Soviet Civil War 108
9. Divisions: A Twentieth-Century Story 139
10. Hurekavank: The Unpredictable Past 158
11. August 1991–May 1992: War Breaks Out 172
12. Shusha: The Last Citadel 196
9780814760321_de waal_text.indd 7 4/23/13 9:08 AMviii

13. June 1992–September 1993: Escalation 207
14. Sabirabad: The Children’s Republic 229
15. September 1993–May 1994: Exhaustion 237
16. Stepanakert: A State Apart 252
17. 1994–2001: No War, No Peace 262
18. Sadakhlo: “They Fight, We Don’t” 279
19. 2001–2012: Deadlock and Estrangement 284
Conclusion: Seeking Peace in Karabakh 305
Appendix 1: Statistics 325
Appendix 2: Chronology 329
Notes 341
Bibliography 367
Index 375
About the Author 387
All illustrations appear as a group following p

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