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Black Street Speech: Its History, Structure, and Survival

Black Street Speech: Its History, Structure, and Survival

by John Baugh


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In the minds of many, black street speech—the urban dialect of black Americans—bespeaks illiteracy, poverty, and ignorance. John Baugh challenges those prejudices in this brilliant new inquiry into the history, linguistic structure, and survival within white society of black street speech. In doing so, he successfully integrates a scholarly respect for black English with a humanistic approach to language differences that weds rigor of research with a keen sense of social responsibility. Baugh's is the first book on black English that is based on a long-term study of adult speakers. Beginning in 1972, black men and women in Los Angeles, Philadelphia, Chicago, Austin, and Houston were repeatedly interviewed, in varied social settings, in order to determine the nature of their linguistic styles and the social circumstances where subtle changes in their speech appear. Baugh's work uncovered a far wider breadth of speaking styles among black Americans than among standard English speakers. Having detailed his findings, he explores their serious implications for the employability and education of black Americans. Black Street Speech is a work of enduring importance for educators, linguists, sociologists, scholars of black and urban studies, and all concerned with black English and its social consequences.

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780292707450
Publisher: University of Texas Press
Publication date: 12/01/1983
Series: Texas Linguistics Series
Pages: 160
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.37(d)

Table of Contents

Preface1. Introduction: Street Speech as a Social Dialect2. The Birth of Black Street Speech3. Street Speech and Formal Speech: Linguistic Survival in Black and White Societies4. The Scholar and the Street: Collecting the Data5. Specialized Lexical Marking and Alternation Code Switching versus Style Shifting Topic-Related Shifting Syllable Contraction and Expansion Variable Forestressing of Bisyllabic Words Hypercorrection Lexical Summary6. Unique Grammatical Usage Locating Suitable Examples Syntactic Constructions and Their Functions Grammatical Summary7. Phonological Variation Suffix /-s/ Variation Consonant Cluster Reduction Is and Are Variation Postvocalic /r/ Variation Summary of Phonological and Morphological Variation8. Educational Insights9. Impediments to Employability10. Dynamic Black Speech: A Nonideal Linguistic StateBibliographyIndex

What People are Saying About This

William Bright

"Outstanding. As the first black man to write a book of this caliber on black English, Baugh draws heavily on his own experiences and feelings, and his work is enriched thereby."

Walter A. Wolfram

"Baugh is a thorough, rigorous scholar. Technical adequacy is right up there with Labov."

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