Blessingway: With Three Versions of the Myth Recorded and Translated from the Navajo by Father Berard Haile, O.F.M.

Blessingway: With Three Versions of the Myth Recorded and Translated from the Navajo by Father Berard Haile, O.F.M.

Paperback(Translatio)

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Overview

Blessingway: With Three Versions of the Myth Recorded and Translated from the Navajo by Father Berard Haile, O.F.M. by Leland C. Wyman

An outstanding work crafted from the handwritten pages of translations from the Navajo of the late Father Berard Haile giving three separate versions of the Blessingway rite with each version consisting of a prose text accompanied by the ritual songs and prayers. Valuable insights into the character and use of the Blessingway rite; its ceremonial procedures, its mythology, and its drypaintings.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780816535835
Publisher: University of Arizona Press
Publication date: 05/23/2017
Series: Century Collection Series
Edition description: Translatio
Pages: 688
Product dimensions: 5.90(w) x 8.90(h) x 1.60(d)

About the Author

Leland C. Wyman, an outstanding authority on Navajo religion, extended the research of his scholarship from his primary field of physiology to anthropology and art, folklore, and folk literature. Wyman, a Ph.D., in Biology from Harvard, taught and did research in physiology at Boston University for four decades, meanwhile engaging in many cross-disciplinary projects. In the early 1930s he began to write on Navajo ceremonialism and mythology, and soon teamed up with anthropologists and other specialists to publish on Navajo medicine, ethnobotany, ethnoentomology, psychology, and art.
 

Table of Contents

List of Illustrations xii

List of Tables xiii

Foreword xv

Acknowledgments xvii

Preface xix

Versions and Informants xxii

The Manuscripts xxv

Editorial xxvii

Introduction 3

Chantways and Rites 3

The Name Blessingway 7

The Uses of Blessingway 8

The Hogan 10

The Sacred Mountains 16

The Mountain Soil Bundle 20

Inner Forms 24

Follower Pairs 26

Long Life - Happiness 28

Pollen 30

Changing Woman's Name 32

Creation of Corn, Animals, People 32

Fabrics and Jewels 34

The Mythology of Blessingway 37

Major Mythic Motifs of Blessingway 46

Monsterway and Enemyway 50

Monster Way 52

Enemy Way 59

The Drypaintings of Blessingway 63

Reproductions of Blessingway Drypaintings 66

Color and Directional Symbolism 70

Drypainting Symbols of Blessingway 72

Ceremonial Procedure in Blessingway 103

Blessingway - Version I Slim Curly 107

I The No-Sleep (Ceremonial) at Emergence 109

1 The Various Inner Forms To Be 109

2 Chief Hogan Songs 113

3 Talking Gods Songs 118

4 Planning Songs 121

5 Songs of Earth's Inner Form 123

6 Prayer of (to) Earth's Inner Form 131

II The Second No-Sleep Ceremonial 139

7 The Story of the Birth of Changing Woman Until Her First Menstruation 139

8 How Changing Woman Was Picked Up 141

9 About the First Menstruation of Changing Woman 143

10 Songs of the Inner Forms of the Mountains 147

11 Songs of the Earth 151

12 Chief Songs 152

13 Songs about the Origin of Changing Woman 154

14 Songs of the Mountains 154

15 Songs of Guessing 157

16 Other Songs of the Inner Forms of Mountains 158

17 Songs of Departure for Mountain Interiors 159

18 Dawn Songs 160

19 White Clay and Red Ocher Were Applied to Her 163

20 Songs of the Twelve Person Group 164

21 Prayer of the Twelve Person Group 167

III About the Second Menstrual Period of Changing Woman 169

22 About the Origin of Talking God's Hogan Songs 169

23 Songs of How Changing Woman Trotted 171

24 Songs of Talking God's Hogan 174

25 Blessingway's Blessing Part 178

26 Talking Gods Songs 179

27 About Placing Changing Woman 180

28 Changing Woman's Four-word Songs 181

29 Into One's Hand Songs 183

30 Songs of the Woman 183

31 Changing Woman's Prayer 186

32 Songs of Changing Woman's Departure 187

33 Songs According to Talking God's Call 191

34 Songs of How Dawn Gave Birth 193

35 The Birth of Monster Slayer and Born for Water 195

IV About the Mating of Corn 199

36 How Changing Woman Made Plow 199

37 Prayer About Mating of Corn 204

38 Corn Songs 207

39 Songs of the Cornbeetle 210

40 Songs of Two-who-follow one-another!211

V About Changing Woman's Departure for the West 219

41 About Conditions in the Home of Changing Woman 219

42 How the Children of Rock Crystal Talking God Were Picked Up 220

43 Song of How They Were Picked Up 222

44 Prayer of How They Were Picked Up 223

45 The Bath at Tree-Grove-Slope 225

46 About Changing Woman's Instructions to Them 234

47 About Blessingway's Medicine Bundle 240

48 How Horses and Sheep Were Made 244

49 Songs about Horse and Sheep Placements 248

50 Songs of the Mirage 253

51 Rainbow Songs 254

52 Songs of the Horse 255

53 Return to Start Prayer Concerning Their Abduction 264

54 Return to Start Song of Their Abduction 269

55 Song Used in Sweeping a Place 271

56 Prayer Used in Sweeping Out Places 272

57 Song Used in Carrying the News 274

58 About Placement of Fabrics 276

59 Mountain Songs by Which the Two Returned on the Mountains 281

60 Mountain Prayer Used on Their Return on the Mountains 286

61 Return Journey Song 291

62 Bath at the Cornfield 294

63 Prayer at the Cornfield 297

64 Prayer of the Eight Words 299

65 Songs Concerning the Placement of Mountain Soil 301

Appendix I About the Origin of Other People 327

Appendix II Blessingway Practice 335

Childbirth 335

Uses of Blessingway 337

The Use of Earth's Prayer 338

Blessingway - Version II Frank Mitchell 341

Preamble 343

1 How Earth and Sky Were Placed 343

Earth's Songs 354

2 How Talking God Was Placed 356

Songs of How Talking God Was Placed 364

3 Who Returns with One Turquoise, Who Returns with One Corn 366

4 How Day and Night Were Made 369

5 The Two to Represent Sun and Moon 377

6 Chief Hogan Songs 383

7 How Sun and Moon Were Prepared for Their Journeys 388

8 How Corn and Vegetation People Were Made 393

9 How Mountain Woman and Water Woman Were Made 396

10 Long Life, Happiness also Came into Being 397

11 Cornfields 399

12 Mirage, Haze People; Rock Crystal, Agate People 400

13 Earth's Child 403

14 Changing Woman, White Shell Woman 407

15 Hogan Songs of Talking God 412

16 White Shell Woman's Songs 415

17 Blessingway Songs 416

18 White Shell Woman's Children 418

19 Blue Prayerstick and Headplume 421

20 Dream Origin 426

21 Various Useful Things 432

22 Leaving for the West 437

23 In the Home of Changing Woman 445

24 Songs With Which People Again Were Made 447

25 Leaving for the Wide Country 451

26 Different Clans 458

27 How Children Were Picked Up 459

28 How Mountain Soil Was Made 475

29 Blessingway No-Sleep Ceremony 481

30 Blessingway Songs 487

Blessingway-Version III River Junction Curly 493

1 About the Origin of Talking God 495

2 The Coming into Being of Changing Woman 509

3 He Who was Raised Underground, Changing Grandchild 517

4 For Her the No-Sleep Ceremonial Took Place 518

5 Monster Slayer and Born for Water 528

6 In the Home of the Sun 539

7 Big Ye'i the Lone Traveler 550

8 Horned Monster 553

9 Rock Monster Eagle 556

10 Tracking Bear 561

11 Killers-with-their-eyes 563

12 Who-kicks-off-rocks 565

13 Traveling Stone 567

14 The Twelve Roaming Antelopes 569

15 Overwhelming Vagina 571

16 Sleep, Hunger, Poverty, Lice, and Old Age 572

17 Gray Big Ye'i 573

18 The Wife of Who-returns-to-look-at-the-fish 574

19 Monster Slayer Was Married 576

20 He Learned the Enemyway 582

21 Monster Slayer Went to War 588

22 Bear Man and Big Snake Man 594

23 Monster Slayer Becomes Sick 599

24 The Earth Was Made New Again 605

25 The Mountains roundabout were Made New Again 609

26 Songs were Arranged in a Definite Order 616

27 Pollen 618

28 The Coming into Being of Horses, Sheep, Game, and Wanderers 621

29 Changing Woman Goes Toward the West 630

30 Earth Surface People Come into Being 633

References 635

Index 639

List of Illustrations

Fig. 1 Father Berard Haile, O.F.M. frontispiece

Fig. 2 Blessingway, Version I, page one from holograph notebook xx

Fig. 3 Blessingway, Version II, page one from holograph notebook xxiv

Fig. 4 Blessingway, Version III, page one from holograph notebook xxvi

Diagram of the inner forms of the cardinal points 2

Fig. 5 Framework for new conical hogan 12

Fig. 6 Talking prayer stick 27

Drawing showing interlocking of the forked poles of the conical hogan 35

Fig. 7 "Wide cornfield"; Changing Woman and corn 73

Fig. 8 "Cornfield on the flat"; Changing Woman and corn 75

Fig. 9 "White together"; Changing Woman, Pollen Boy, and cornbeetle 76

Fig. 10 "On top of white mountain together." 77

Fig. 11 Corn and cornbeetle 79

Fig. 12 Black corn and White Corn Boy 80

Fig. 13 White male corn and yellow female corn 83

Fig. 14 Yellow female and white male 12-eared Grand Corn People 84

Fig. 15 Emergence Place, plants, and mountains 86

Fig. 16 Emergence Place, plants, mountains, and clouds 87

Fig. 17 Emergence Place, plants, and clouds 88

Fig. 18 Mountains, game animals, Pollen Boy, and White Corn Boy 89

Fig. 19 The White Earth with clouds 90

Fig. 20 The White Earth with plants and mountains 91

Fig. 21 The Black Earth and corn 92

Fig. 22 The Blue Earth and corn 93

Fig. 23 Mountain painting for the bath ceremony 94

Fig. 24 Pollen Boy on the Sun 95

Fig. 25 The Slayer Twins; Enemy Monster Blessingway 96

Fig. 26 Unarmed horned toads; painting used against witches 97

Fig. 27 Armed horned toads; painting used against witches 99

Fig. 28 Bears; painting used against witches 100

Fig. 29 Frank Mitchell, author of Blessingway-Version II 342

List of Tables

1 Major Mythic Motifs of Blessingway 40

2 Monsters 57

3 Reproductions of Blessingway Drypaintings 68

4 Symbols of Blessingway Drypaintings 71

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